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(2016 December): “So easy to understand” comment from an Australian engineer.

(2016 November): Work continues on the second book.

(2016 November): “Large-Scale Structure of the Dynamic Steady State Universe” has now been published in the American Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol.4, No.6, 2016, pp.65-77. Astract and Links to HTML and PDF.

(2016 June):
New research paper The Nature of Gravitational Collapse has been published in the American Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol.4, No.2, 2016, pp.15-33. Abstract and Links:
—Another major DSSU success, as it reveals amazing new insights! The theory has uncovered the mechanism by which mass undergoes a total conversion to energy. Yes, a mass to energy conversion with 100% efficiency!  As everything else in the DSSU, it is a perfectly natural process. Truly amazing!

Have gravity waves really been detected?

Comments updated  2016 June: Comment #19

(2016-4-26:)  A mathematical cosmologist claims the values of the Hubble-expansion parameter and the cosmic-background temperature are the most important elements for understanding the real Universe! Letter and response.

(2016 March)  What is the difference between a physical and a mechanical aether? ...
Be aware of the distinctions among the terms commonly applied to aether: Terms such as physical, mechanical, subquantum, and dynamic. Link to new Question & Answer.

The book, Guide to the Construction of the Natural Universe, is  now available at the Niagara Falls Public Library  (Victoria branch). If you live in the Province of Ontario, your local library can request the book from the Niagara Falls Public Library.

Participate in a unique exploration of the Cosmos: venture into the sub-atomic realm, even into the sub-quantum realm where the roots of reality reside, and into the domain of cosmic-scale cell-structure and beyond to infinity. Along the way, discover the cause of mass, the cause of gravitation, and rediscover Einstein’s “nonponderable” aether and Heraclitus’ harmony-of-opposites principle. … The book represents the ultimate vindication for all the skeptics who resisted the "preposterous" Big Bang mythology and who refused to join the exploding-cosmos religion.
This new work contains 317 pages, 61 illustrations, references, and index … Available from C-FAR Books.


My comments on the latest mass media "Official Science" news story:

Do not be misled by the recent reports of the detection of gravity waves.
What the LIGO apparatus measures is the interference from beams of self-generated electromagnetic waves. It seems highly probable that what LIGO actually detected was some vibrational “noise” or some unexplained interference; and NOT gravity waves originating from a distant binary system (in which two extremely massive black holes are supposedly in the process of merging). How the data, the wave patterns, are interpreted is subject to theory and restricted by theory. Naturally the official interpretation must conform to the Officially-sanctioned theory of gravity —Einstein’s general theory of relativity. Thus, the light patterns recorded by LIGO are interpreted via Einstein’s mathematical concept of gravity. The problem is the general-relativity-gravity interpretation, as is well known, ignores the space medium!

Have gravity waves really been detected?
Think about this: The academic experts do not have the cause and mechanism of gravity (Isaac Newton did not, Albert Einstein did not, and today’s big-bang astrophysicists do not). Their theory of gravity is embarrassingly incomplete! So, if they do not yet understand the nature of gravity itself, how then can they claim to be able to recognize the waves that gravity supposedly emits? The experts cannot even answer the simple question: Specifically, what is it that is waving? What is waving back and forth?
    Here is something else the reports fail to mention: The gravity waves that are actually detectable are those associated with the turbulence in the aether flow (the space medium streaming through our Solar System). Australian physicist Reginald T. Cahill has been examining these aether-flow waves for over 15 years. –CR (2016 May)
Updated 2016 June. See Comment #19

(2016 Jan 6) Now published:
Olbers’ Paradox Resolved for the Infinite Non-Expanding Universe
, American Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics Vol.4, No.1, (2016 January). Abstract & download links.
● “The man accredited with discovering universe expansion did not believe that the universe was expanding. Hubble was convinced that the key evidence, the cosmic redshift, was caused by some other factor, something more fundamental than mere expansion.”
● “With the recent discovery of a new cosmic-redshift mechanism, and its theoretical validation, it turns out that Hubble was right.”
● Explains how “an infinite, non-expanding, perpetually regenerating universe" is able to predict a dark night sky.

Press Release (2015 Oct 15):
The Big Bang is no longer a viable hypothesis !

(2016 June) Now posted. Link to details:
"DSSU Validated by Redshift Theory and Structural Evidence", Physics Essays, Vol.28, No.4, p455-473 (2015 Dec) —Delivers the coup de grâce to the Big Bang. Abstract & Links.
Both Reviewers enthusiastically endorsed this "well-written and incisive article."

(2015-Oct 6) Webpage added for article Cosmic-Redshift Distance Law Without c Without H: Comments & Links  Describes the challenge of getting DSSU papers published.

(2015 Aug 20:) Allow me to extend a sincere "Thank You" for the many invitations to join social media and professional networks. Unfortunately I must decline. It’s simply a matter of precious time —there is just too little of it. All my available time is taken up by research, writing, and website maintenance —in fact, two more web domains have been purchased. It is all being done for the purpose of providing the educated and interested public with the ammunition to refute and replace the utterly bankrupt big-bang Worldview. (However, not to give the impression of a total recluse, seclusionist, or misanthrope, I do manage to squeeze in a few delightful hours of ballroom dancing every week or two.) –CR

(2015 Aug:) Brief update on the status of the neutrino and its adaptation into the DSSU particle theory. See Section 5 of the Discussion webpage for the article: The Fundamental Process of Energy

(2015 Aug:) The article The Universe Is Infinite (Part 1) has been revised.

(2015 July:) Comments and questions from a 14-year old student.


"The Nature of Gravitational Collapse"
–Published in American Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics. ( Abstract and Links.)

"Olbers’ Paradox Resolved for the Infinite Non-Expanding Universe" –Published in American Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics. ( Abstract & download links.)

"DSSU Validated by Redshift Theory and Structural Evidence" published in Physics Essays, Vol.28, No.4, p455-473 (2015 Dec). Abstract.
Both Reviewers enthusiastically endorsed this "well-written and incisive article."

Published in the American Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics, AJAA, Vol.3, No.2, 2015:
Ellipticity, Its Origin & Progression in Comoving Galaxies  
Local  high-resolution PDF.

• Provides the first-ever natural explanation for the cause of the elliptical shape of nonrotating galaxies
• Retains the foundation premise of all modern cosmology but rejects the absurd concept of whole-universe expansion
• Takes full advantage of the universe’s cosmic cellular structure and exploits the DSSU theory of unified gravity domains
• Amazingly, the mechanism that stretches galaxies turns out to be the very same mechanism that causes the cosmic spectral redshift!

Published Dec 2014 in the American Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics:

"Cosmic Redshift in the Nonexpanding Cellular Universe” —details the actual causal mechanism. Abstract.
Preprint with larger images.
• Entirely new concept for cosmic redshift mechanism;
• Retains the foundation premise of all modern cosmology;
• But does not require whole-universe expansion;
• A redshift based on the DSSU theory of unified gravity & cosmic cellular structure;
• Remarkable agreement with independently established redshift distances.

The Dynamic Steady State Universe. This work brings together the main pieces of the cosmic puzzle in a step-by-step construction of the Natural Universe. Published in Physics Essays Vol.27 No.2 (2014 June issue)  "... the arguments are well-made. The article is competent, enjoyable and readable." —Reviewer
(PDF download)

Higgs Boson Discovered?
After 50 long years of searching, Physicists claim to have detected the Higgs boson, the "particle" that ostensibly bestows the property of mass on all other such particles. Is it now time to celebrate? … Definitely not.
   The question now is this: If the Higgs ‘particle’ is the giver of mass to all other particles, what then gives the Higgs itself its mass?! (Yes, the newly discovered particle has mass, lots of it!) A difficult and embarrassing question indeed. It is like asking:
If God created everything, then who, or what, created God?
   While physicists think they have solved the mass problem, the reality is that they have unwittingly exposed an even bigger problem —the riddle of “First Cause”.

Glossary of Terms used in Cosmology and Astrophysics with particular emphasis on DSSU theory.
(Opens in separate Window or Tab)


Mysteries & Paradoxes that Plague Standard Cosmology  (Updated 2015-7)

Cosmology Crisis of 1998 (Revised 2015-5)

Critique of Conventional Cosmology ... comments relating to the 'preposterous' expanding-universe paradigm.
Bafflement —the remarkable admission of a physicist.
The Cosmology Debate That Never Happened   —During the 20th century there was a decades-long debate: The cataclysmic expanding universe VS the stable expanding universe. But there has never been a debate of the dynamic expanding universe VS the dynamic non-expanding universe. (Posted 2011 Oct)

Models of the Universe —Historical, Expanding, and Cellular universes. INCLUDES A USEFUL TABLE FOR COMPARING THEORIES.

The Universe Is Infinite (Part 1) —overcoming a "central" problem of cosmology theories.

The Universe Is Infinite (Part 2) —an explanation of how the universe can always have existed and will always exist.

DSSU, The Non-Expanding Universe: Structure, Redshift, Distance —A long sought-after goal of astrophysicists has been a formulation of cosmic distance that is independent of the speed of light. The goal has now been achieved. The present Paper details the surprisingly simple distance expression and its validating agreement with Supernova data.

Why Copernicus Did Not Need a Force of Gravity —Explores the question of why no one, except Newton, invoked a force. (Posted April, 2011)

Gravity and Lambda —A Story of Opposites (.htm) —A story of opposites in harmony. Key differences between the Conventional Cosmology and the New Cosmology are presented.

Dynamic Cosmic Cell —The Structural Component of the DSSU —Animated image and discussion of the self-sustaining, self-balancing system.

Why Einstein Did Not Receive the Nobel Prize for His Theory of Relativity —“By 1922 Einstein had been nominated about fifty times —most were for his relativity theories.”

Questions & Answers & Comments


(2016 June) Now posted. Link to details:
DSSU Validated by Redshift Theory and Structural Evidence, Physics Essays, Vol.28, No.4, p455-473 (2015 Dec) —Delivers the coup de grâce to the Big Bang. Abstract & Links.
Both Reviewers enthusiastically endorsed this "well-written and incisive article."

The Dynamic Steady State Universe.
This work brings together the main pieces of the cosmic puzzle in a step-by-step construction of the Natural Universe. Published in Physics Essays Vol.27 No.2 (2014 June issue) (PDF download)  "... the arguments are well-made. The article is competent, enjoyable and readable." —Reviewer for Physics Essays Journal

Published 2016 January:
Olbers’ Paradox Resolved for the Infinite Non-Expanding Universe
, American Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics Vol.4, No.1, (2016 January). Abstract & download links.
● “The man accredited with discovering universe expansion did not believe that the universe was expanding. Hubble was convinced that the key evidence, the cosmic redshift, was caused by some other factor, something more fundamental than mere expansion.”
● “With the recent discovery of a new cosmic-redshift mechanism, and its theoretical validation, it turns out that Hubble was right.”

"Cosmic Redshift in the Nonexpanding Cellular Universe" (Journal pdf) —details the actual causal mechanism. Published in the American Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics, Vol.2, No.5 (2014) Abstract.
Local copy with quality images: (Preprint pdf).
• Entirely new concept for cosmic redshift mechanism;
• Retains the foundation premise of all modern cosmology;
• But does not require whole-universe expansion;
• A redshift based on the DSSU theory of unified gravity & cosmic cellular structure;
• Remarkable agreement with independently established redshift distances.

The Cosmology Debate That Never Happened
What historians call "the greatest cosmological debate in history” was between TWO  expanding universes —two hypothetical models that share the same, I repeat, the same foundational property! If one is to claim some great clash of ideas (let alone the "greatest") then surely there must exist some deep dividing difference! (Posted 2011 Oct)

The Case for a Cellular Universe
—the Story of a Baffling Omission in Modern Cosmology    (Revised 2015)

Large-Scale Structure of the Dynamic Steady State Universe published in the American Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol.4, No.6, 2016, pp.65-77. Astract and Links.
■ Presents the first 2 of the 4 main postulates that define the DSSU.
■ Space-medium expansion and contraction are perpetually held in balance, thus ensuring a non-expanding universe.
■ Explains how the two dynamic processes of the DSSU’s space medium sustain the cellular structure responsible for the pattern of matter distribution in our Universe.

Cosmic-Redshift Distance Law Without c Without H Comments & Links Simplifying the redshift-distance formula by removing the speed-of-light constant and the Hubble parameter —while maintaining agreement with observational evidence.

Big Bang Never Happened –Home Page and Summary

Noteworthy video of a simulated cellular universe. The nodal galaxy structures are most interesting.

DSSU Theory:

Theoretical Foundation and Pillars of the DSSU (Introduction) —This introductory essay gives a thematic tour of historical and modern universes culminating with the Natural Universe.

Currently undergoing revision and updating: Theoretical Foundation and Pillars of the Dynamic Steady State Universe (pdf) —The first complete presentation of all four postulates of DSSU theory. A powerful paper that resolves the cause-of-causes paradox, explains the non-independent nature of time, and reveals the 'supreme advantage'. It includes a concise comparison with standard cosmology focusing on real-world viability.
Supplementary Discussion: The Primary Process


The Fundamental Process of Energy —A Qualitative Unification of Energy, Mass, and Gravity. (Abstract & Reviews & Links) … This article reveals the secret behind photon confinement. (Contains only a bare minimum of mathematics and mainly in one of the 14 sections.)
PART 1 published in Infinite Energy Magazine Issue #113 (Jan/Feb 2014)
PART 2 published in Infinite Energy Magazine    Issue #114 (Mar/Apr 2014)

Headlined as:
A "Conceptual Unification of Energy, Mass and Gravity"

Dynamic Cosmic Cell —The Structural Component of the DSSU —Animated image and discussion of the self-sustaining, self-balancing system.

Unified Gravitation Cells of the DSSU —Constructing the Universe with Cosmic Gravity Cells

Space Flow Equations and Expansion-Contraction Rates (pdf) —This paper explores the mathematical aspects of the two space postulates of DSSU theory —and uncovers some profound consequences.


Documentary movie footage in which Einstein states, "There exists an aether"
High resolution .mpg video.
Low resolution .wmv video.

The Aether Experiments and the Impact on Cosmology —The aether has been detected at least 6 times in recent history. Its most recent "re-discovery", in 2001, led to the long-sought causal mechanism of gravity —a discovery which, in turn, is revolutionizing cosmology.

Michelson-Morley and the Story of the Aether Theory —Richard Milton's analysis of the historical details involving the misrepresentation, bias, and cover-up that hampered the Aether theory.

The History of the Aether Theory —The historic development of the aether as a scientific theory of space itself. What started as the "fifth element" of Antiquity becomes molded by theoretical constraints and experimental evidence into the dual-dynamic sub-quantum medium —the Essence of the Universe. (Updated 2016-2)

Relativity of Time in the Aether-Space of the DSSU —How intrinsic time and relative time are related.

DSSU Relativity –The Lorentz Transformations Applied to Aether-Space —Ranzan
Reprinted by permission of Physics Essays Publication, Physics  Essays Vol.23, No.3, p520. (2010). ABSTRACT

The Physical Nature of Length Contraction —the DSSU Theory of Length Contraction Induced by Absolute Motion.
An easy to follow examination of how the mode by which matter is “conducted” through luminiferous aether causes the matter to contract. A simple derivation of the mathematical expression for this physical phenomenon is presented. There is also a brief discussion of relevant historical aspects and of nonphysical length contraction.
Reviewer's comments: “This is amazing …”  “The paper is interesting …” –Applied Physics Research reviewer. Published in Applied Physics Research journal Vol.5, No.1 (2013 Feb).

Contradiction Divides Two Aether Theories —An exploration into the three parts of the speed-of-light postulate.
Reprinted by permission of PEP, from  Physics Essays Journal (Vol 24, No.3, Sept, 2011) ... ABSTRACT

Basic - level mathematical and graphical exploration of dynamic aether flow: PDF

Here is an external webpage with an extensive list of research papers on the aether-drift experiments, and the larger question of energy in space.


DSSU Cosmic Redshift-Distance Relation (htm) —Converting the cosmic redshift into distance for our Cellular Universe using a simple and elegant equation.

Large Scale Structure of the Dynamic Steady State Universe (pdf)  How a dual-dynamic space medium sustains the cellular structure (published in AJAA in 2016).
  —Presents the postulates and implications of regional space-medium expansion and contraction.

Cosmic-Scale Structural Features Explained (pdf) (Chapter 2 of original DSSU Manuscript)
—The Spacing of Clusters
—Sheets of Galaxies
—Right-angled Walls of Galaxies.

The Cosmic Background Radiation in the DSSU —The natural explanation of the microwave background radiation applicable to the natural Cellular Universe.

Ellipticity, Its Origin & Progression in Comoving GalaxiesAmerican Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics, AJAA, Vol.3, No.2, 2015.
Local  high-resolution PDF.
HTML version available from AJAA here.


The Processes of Gravitation –The Cause and Mechanism of Gravitation by C. Ranzan –A revolutionary paper on gravity published in the Journal of Modern Physics and Applications Vol.2014:3  (2014).
( Abstract & Reviews & Links. Includes link to hi-resolution PDF) "Revolutionary".

Why Copernicus Did Not Need a Force of Gravity —Explores the question of why no one, except Newton, invoked a force. (Rev 2011-9)

First ever, journal-published paper featuring the DSSU:
The Story of Gravity and Lambda –How the Theory of Heraclitus Solved the Dark Matter Mystery –Ranzan

Reprinted by permission of PEP, from Physics Essays, Vol 23, No1, p75-87 (2010 Mar). ABSTRACT
This is the cure for the fallacious belief in cosmic-scale Dark Matter.

The Story of Gravity and Lambda –How the Theory of Heraclitus Solved the Dark Matter Mystery (Color version) Ranzan Considered "an excellent contribution to the [PE journal]" --professional reviewer.

Unified Gravitation Cells of the DSSU —Constructing the Universe with Cosmic Gravity Cells



Why Einstein Did Not Receive the Nobel Prize for His Theory of Relativity (●Abstract ●Links ●Excerpts ●Extras) —“By 1922 Einstein had been nominated about fifty times —most were for his relativity theories.”

Einstein’s Simple Mathematical Trick –and the Illusion of a Constant Speed of Light  (Abridged version with links to Journal-published version. Posted July 2013)

Extended Relativity –Exploiting the Loopholes in Einstein's Relativity. A Logical extension of special relativity. Reprinted by permission of PEP, from Physics Essays Vol.25, No.3 (2012 Sept).
Abstract & Links & Reviews

The Three Components of the Speed-of-Light Postulate.  Published in Physics Essays journal Vol.26,No.1 (2013 March)
Local copy: The Three Components of the Speed-of-Light Postulate (pdf) Absolute vs relative. Variance vs invariance. Another instance of the Heraclitian "Harmony of Opposites." (Reprinted by permission of PEP, from Physics Essays, Vol.26, No.1, 2013).

Relativity of Time in the Aether Medium of the DSSU —Absolute Motion and Intrinsic Time

Resolving a Paradox in Special Relativity –Absolute Motion and the Unified Doppler Equation.
(Posted 2011, July). Reprinted by permission of PEP, from Physics  Essays Vol.23, No.4, p594 (2010). ABSTRACT

How DSSU Relativity Resolves the Speed Paradox (Introductory Discussion)   —Absolute Motion Resolves a (speed) Paradox in Einstein’s Special Relativity. (Supplementary Discussion)

DSSU Relativity –The Lorentz Transformations Applied to Aether-Space (Posted 2011, July). Reprinted by permission of Physics Essays Publication, Physics  Essays Vol.23, No.3, p520. (2010). ABSTRACT

The Key that Extends Einstein’s Relativity (Part 1) —Response to a reviewer critical of DSSU aether-space relativity
The Key that Extends Einstein’s Relativity (Part 2) —How to convert abstract-space equations into aether-space equations

Restoring the Physical Meaning of Energy
Published in Applied Physics Research journal Vol.5, No.2 (2013 May).
LOCAL COPY: Restoring the Physical Meaning of Energy —distinguishing between the apparent energy and the real energy of moving mass.

An Open Letter to the Scientific Community
(Published in New Scientist, May 22, 2004)

"The big bang today relies on a growing number of hypothetical entities, things that we have never observed-- inflation, dark matter and dark energy are the most prominent examples. Without them, there would be a fatal contradiction between the observations made by astronomers and the predictions of the big bang theory. In no other field of physics would this continual recourse to new hypothetical objects be accepted as a way of bridging the gap between theory and observation. It would, at the least, raise serious questions about the validity of the underlying theory. ..."  continues ...

A devastating Declaration of opposition to Big Bang cosmology signed by more than 400 Researchers.

For the full text click on: or alternate site.

This website is mainly concerned with revisionism in cosmology. Those of us involved in replacing the unnatural expanding-universe paradigm are aware of the difficulties involved.
   However, other revisionists have unimaginable difficulties. Consider the ongoing persecution of revisionists in other fields of intellectual pursuit: 
"It makes you wonder —about the immense effort being made by State and State-sponsored organizations with budgets of tens of millions of dollars and thousands of employees and associates to smother and punish these few men and women. Every punishing instrument imaginable is used, every vicious slander conceivable, every flagrant and pervasive form of censorship that law allows, including the imprisonment of simple writers for thought crimes against the State. ... Makes you wonder."Bradley R. Smith (2011)

"Discussing truth is so controversial, so dangerous … In most of the world it is simply illegal.” Gordon Duff, Senior Editor, Veterans Today (2011)

DEDICATION: This website is solemnly dedicated to those individuals who have conducted research in their chosen field and have informed others of their inquiries and suffered the consequences when subpoenaed by the Inquisition or some variant thereof. The dedication extends to those individuals currently imprisoned, and those now facing trial and persecution simply for exercising their basic human right of freedom of expression supposedly granted to them under the UN Charter of Human Rights.
"Every year, hundreds of writers and other literary professionals around the world are imprisoned, prosecuted, persecuted, attacked, threatened, forced into exile or even murdered as a result of their work."

ALSO: Be aware of the continuing threat to our precious freedom of expression on the Internet. The threat is serious and relentless. It is described as “… the formal effort to mimic Communist China’s system of Internet censorship.” See The Secret Behind SOPA  (2012-Jan). Update.
More information on threats to internet freedom:

Reporter-journalist Arthur Topham, Canadian victim of the Inquisition, arrested (2012) for posting his research.
“Arthur Topham faces prison time for daring to speak his mind on his own website, as he faces criminal charges under Canada’s hate crimes legislation contained in Section 318 - 320 of the criminal code.” –Rights and Freedoms Bulletin Issue No. 204 Feb 7, 2015.
VERDICT: Arthur Topham found “guilty” AND “not guilty” of hate speech by a brain-dead jury!
 –Dr. James Sears, reporting in “The world’s Largest Anti-Marxist Publication” (Issue 2015 December,
2016 Update: Panel Discussion on The Trial of Arthur Topham

The persecution of Marc Lemire, for merely expressing his reasoned opinion, continues. On October 2, 2012, (Canadian) Federal Court Judge Mosley upheld the constitutionality of the repressive Sec.13 of the Canadian Human Rights Act. This "Section 13" specifically hands over control of the Internet to the HRC thought police. “Marc Lemire Appeals outrageous ruling by the Federal Court on Section 13 censorship”
Two years later (2014), the abuse continues!
From a 2015 report of Marc Lemire’s 10-year struggle to preserve his right to freedom of speech: “Found guilty for publishing a document he did not write and didn’t even know existed on his website until he faced prosecution, Lemire faces a lifetime ban on his freedom of speech should he lose his last court appeal.” –Rights and Freedoms Bulletin Issue No. 204 Feb 7, 2015

The struggle for freedom and justice in Canada has lost its greatest champion, its most dedicated defender. On March 11, 2013, Douglas Christie passed away.

British Maverick Psychologist jailed for publishing his research. … “The ambivalence of librarians getting writers imprisoned quite defies comprehension.” –Simon Sheppard (2013)

The repression of free speech in Canada has degenerated to the point where …
■ A tenured professor has lost his position for revealing his research and views on history. This is unprecedented. Professor Anthony J. Hall at the University of Lethbridge, Alberta, has been suspended (2016 October 5) without pay.
■ A publisher/editor, for expressing his reality-based views, has been denied postal services. Dr. James Sears, publisher and editor of Your Ward News was stripped of Canada Post Mail Service by government order (2016 June).
■ A violin teacher and truth revealer, Monika Schaefer, for posting a video (an apology to her dead mother), has been attacked by various so-called community leaders.

The treatment of violinist Monika Schaefer signals the end of our free and democratic society.” –The American Herald Tribune, 2016 Sept

... about the author ...

© Copyright 2005-2016 by
Conrad RanzanDSSU Research
All Rights Reserved
  For information regarding permission to reproduce selected material herein, please contact:

D S S U  Research
Niagara Falls, Canada
15th year on the Internet.
Most recent update:
2016 Dec 8

Visits since mid-2010 : Hit Counter



The Cellular Universe website:

"Making the Universe understandable with compelling concepts, sound theories,
game-changing arguments, and appropriate principles."

■  presenting articles and research papers relating to all aspects of what is known as DSSU Theory* for the professional and amateur explorers of our Universe —and for the interested spectators;

■  presenting the continuing research resulting from the discovery (in August 2001) of the four fundamental processes that constitute the Universe and manifest all that is observable;

■  presenting the on-going exploration into a new realm of cosmology, astrophysics, and fundamental physics;

■  the real Universe explained without employing advanced mathematics, without invoking fanciful speculations, and without resorting to faith-based revelations.

The extensive research into Dynamic-Steady-State-Universe Theory is presented as
The New Cosmology

* The Dynamic Steady State Universe theory ---the definitive model of our Universe based on the premise that all things are processes.

Search for:

Y E S !    I T   I S   T R U E !
The Big Bang is a MYTH 

The claim has long been that the Big Bang is supported by two powerful Pillars.

  • The expansion-of-space cosmic redshift.

  • The cosmic microwave background radiation (CMBR).

The problem is, for Big-Bang believers, the cosmic redshift occurs not only in regions of space expansion BUT ALSO occurs in regions of space contraction. The Big-Bang school cannot handle this new 'discovery'!! The breakthrough is detailed here:
 Cosmic Redshift in the Nonexpanding Cellular Universe and Abstract. Journal article Preprint (with high-quality images).

The problem with the 2nd Pillar is that the CMBR is simply the background temperature of our infinite Universe. It is merely ultra-distant starlight that has undergone extreme cosmic redshifting (light wave stretching).

The Big Bang has lost its Pillars. It is no longer a viable hypothesis. A theory or hypothesis that has no supporting pillars is merely pseudo-science, at best. The Big Bang has been exposed for what it has always been, an elaborate misconceptional myth wrapped in pseudo-science —a  grand creation myth!

Time to wake-up to reality.
If you have been led to believe that the Universe birthed from an explosion and the whole Cosmos is expanding, then you can be led to believe anything. Then sadly, you can be led to believe anything the mind manipulators in our modern indoctrination institutions want you to believe.

If you still have some ability to think freely, then reflect on  the foregoing and ponder: what other false "realities" have you been led to believe?


How do we know that the DSSU is the Real Universe?

We know on the basis of several recent discoveries and the overwhelming convergence of the evidence.

  • The DSSU incorporates the causal mechanism of gravity. Space-medium expansion (Lambda), space-medium contraction (Einstein’s contractile gravity), mass & energy, gravity-domain limits, … all fit into a unified fully-functional mechanism of gravity. Details: "The Processes of Gravitation –The Cause and Mechanism of Gravitation," J. Mod. Phys. Appl. Vol.2014:3 (2014). 24-page pdf .
  • Employs a foundational process of energy that beautifully fits reality. As revealed in a remarkable research paper, the fundamental particle of energy, the photon, is the ultimate cause of gravity: "The Fundamental Process of Energy –A Qualitative Unification of Energy, Mass, and Gravity." Part 1 & Part 2
  • Uses the recently discovered redshifting mechanism —one that reveals the true nature of Hubble’s great 1920s discovery. … Edwin Hubble had long-believed that the universe was not expanding, but rather that the astronomical redshift, in his words,  "represents a hitherto unrecognized principle of nature." That long-unrecognized and surprisingly simple principle of nature has now been found! For the amazing details see: "Cosmic Redshift in the Nonexpanding Cellular Universe: Velocity-Differential Theory of Cosmic Redshift," abstract & links to paper.
  • Its new velocity-differential redshift agrees with independent observation-based cosmic-distance scale. Details [Th9ajaaPreprint].
  • DSSU is the only known cosmology able to explain the most intractable observable anomalies. Its predicted cell shape agrees with astronomically observed structures, thereby resolving long-standing astronomical anomalies —while still retaining the foundation premise of all modern cosmology! Details: "DSSU Validated by Redshift Theory and Structural Evidence"
  • It predicts the process by which galaxies acquire their observed elliptical shape. Details: “Ellipticity, Its Origin and Progression in Comoving Galaxies.”  American Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics. Vol.3, No.2, 2015, pp12-25.
  • The DSSU has no initial-condition problems. It requires no initial conditions to get the universe started —none whatsoever. And no breakdown of physical law within black holes.
  • Validation is achieved through the remarkable convergence of the evidence. Details: "The Dynamic Steady State Universe." Reprinted by permission of PEP, from Physics Essays, Vol.27, No.2, pp.286-315 (2014)

Unambiguous evidence convergence

Press Release (2015 Oct 15):
The Big Bang is no longer a viable hypothesis

It has now been confirmed, the Big Bang is no longer a viable hypothesis.

A major game-changing event: The publication of the proof of validity of the DSSU (Dynamic Steady State Universe) and the exposé of Big Bang’s utter failure.

DSSU Validated by Redshift Theory and Structural Evidence, Physics Essays, Vol.28, No.4, p455-473 (2015 Dec). (Doi: 10.4006/0836-1398-28.4.455) Abstract & Links ...

The Big Bang has now, as of 2015 October 10 (the on-line publication date), been definitively disqualified as a representation of the real Universe.

Two physicists agree by unhesitatingly endorsing publication.

“… this is a well written and incisive essay.”

The author is fundamentally correct ... that the central pillar of the big bang theory is discredited.”

“I was skeptical, at first, that redshift could arise both from regions where the speed of light varied positively over the photon wave-train, and negatively. I have been convinced otherwise.”

“I love the depth behind the analysis of the universal dodecahedral structure, and the manifest  agreement with experiment, as demonstrated.”

“… an enjoyable, well-written, well-reasoned article which was a pleasure to read.”

HIGHLIGHTS of the Article:

·          Foremost, it resolves what is undisputedly the most intractable astronomical anomaly

·          Exploits an amazingly simple cosmic-redshift mechanism overlooked by the experts!

·          New cosmic redshift mechanism is detailed and applied to void-and-galaxy-cluster network

·          The cause of several characteristic structural features of our Universe are explained

·          DSSU actually predicts the cosmic-cell shape evident in the astronomically observed structures

·          Profound cosmological implications —the Big Bang hypothesis is rendered untenable

·          Yet the DSSU retains the foundation premise of all modern cosmology

--- The astounding feature of the cosmic redshift is that wavelength elongation can occur in both expanding and contracting portions of the Universe!


Press Release: ApJ refuses to comment on major discovery/proof that the Universe is cellular and not expanding. The Journal is simply not interested. Furthermore, it seems oblivious of the biggest anomaly in astrophysics!


“We have now completed our review of your manuscript, and I regret to tell you that we are not able to undertake further consideration of your submission for publication in The Astrophysical Journal.
       The standard model of cosmology is based on General Relativity, a theory which is internally self-consistent and has passed all available experimental tests. Naturally, it could still be wrong. However, we are not interested in exploring alternative theories …” –Ethan T. Vishniac, Editor-in-Chief, The Astrophysical Journal (dated May 13, 2015)



What!? What about the obvious evidence presented with quality images? What’s going on here?

The problems are so serious that Lee Smolin, a physicist at the Perimeter Institute in Canada, has written a book in which he makes it clear “The problems are rooted in the way the career and funding structures of the academy reward me-too science, lack of courage, entrenchment of failed research programs, legacy building, empire building, narrowness, defensive strategies and groupthink.


Meanwhile, this website remains steadfastly dedicated to presenting
truth in cosmology.

"Gateway" webpage to the game-changing evidence —incontrovertible and devastating evidence:
DSSU Validated by Redshift Theory and Structural Evidence ●Abstract ●Links ●Highlights ●Reviews


* * * *

Cell Formation Simulation:
Interesting video of a simulated cellular universe: The Millennium Simulation 

NOTE: In the video, the Z-index (a redshift number) is being interpreted as a “time” parameter of an evolving universe in conformity with the big-bang expanding-universe paradigm. However, in reality (the DSSU cellular-universe reality), the Z-index is essentially a cosmic-distance parameter. The objective reality is that the Universe does NOT expand (only regional space expands). The Universe does NOT evolve (only subsystems evolve). The Universe simply IS. As Heraclitus, some 2500 years ago, wisely taught,  This Universe always has been, is now, and always will be (Fragment #29)

As for the cell structure that manifests as The Cosmic Web: In the DSSU, the cosmic cell structure is NOT phenomenological. It is NOT a phenomenon of the evolution of the universe; rather, the cell structure is fundamental and intrinsic.

The Case for a Cellular Universe
–the Story of a Baffling Omission in Modern Cosmology

Conrad Ranzan   (2008)

“We have to return to this foundation and start over again asking ancient but fundamental questions
 hoping that today we are in a better position to answer them.”
–Dr. Johan Masreliez

“Beneath the apparently haphazard motions ... may lie a formative tendency
 toward simplicity of form, order and regularity.”
–Lancelot Law Whyte


In this essay we explore cogent arguments in favor of an intrinsically cellular Universe —why it is not mere accident that the Universe is structured this way.

Finding that the case for cellularity is overwhelmingly convincing we are led to ponder why the astrophysicists and cosmologists of the 20th century failed to adopt the concept as a key feature of the Universe. Think about it: Intrinsic cellularity implies some sort of regularity, some sort of orderly arrangement; but if the opposite, chaos and randomness, is the guiding principle of one's cosmology then grand-scale order makes little sense.  If the Big Bang is part of one's belief system, then entertaining the idea of systematic cosmic patterns is strictly heretical.

The experts of the 20th century blundered —badly. They knew the World was a cosmos of dynamic space; they knew that, since "space" is not nothingness, it has to be "filled" with a dynamic space medium; they knew these things on the acknowledged authority of Albert Einstein.  In fact, these essentials were known as early as 1839 when when the French polymath Augustin Cauchy (1789-1857) proposed the very first dynamic space medium, an aether-like medium that had the ability to contract. And whatever has the ability to contract surely has the countering ability to expand (this was later confirmed by Einstein's theory of gravity).

In any case, the experts were faced with a basic choice: There were FIVE ways the space medium of the Universe could be dynamic. They extensively investigated four categories of "dynamics."  In the end, they settled on one —the consensus was that there is a universal expansion of the space medium.  And so, with the some extraordinary extrapolation the 20th century became the age of EXPANDING universe models. ... However, in making the choice, they missed the FIFTH way!

Yes they did. Unbelievable as it may sound, they failed to see what they could easily have seen.  In fact, they failed to see what they should have seen because it is well within the domain of the foundation principle of all modern cosmology!

Now why does all this matter?

Well, it turns out that the expanding-universe models don't work.  The steady-state expanding models don't work; and explosive expanding models (think Big Bang) don't work.  All are problem plagued constructs.

It matters because the real Universe is cellular —it is innately, stably, provably, cellular.

It matters because the consequences are revolutionary.

LINK to the complete essay:
The Case for a Cellular Universe
–the Story of a Baffling Omission in Modern Cosmology


There are five possible combinations of vacuum expansion and contraction. Each combination defines a category of universe models. ... Only one leads to a consistently problem-free cosmology.


2014 10                                             

The New Cosmology


Participate in a unique exploration of the Cosmos.

Venture into the sub-atomic realm, even into the sub-quantum realm where the roots of reality reside, and into the vast domain of cosmic-scale cell-structure and beyond to infinity. Along the way, discover the cause of mass, the cause of gravitation, and rediscover Einstein’s “nonponderable” aether and Heraclitus’ harmony-of-opposites principle.

… The book represents the ultimate vindication for all the skeptics who resisted the "preposterous" Big Bang mythology and who refused to join the exploding-cosmos religion. … 

The foundation of modern cosmology holds that the cosmic-scale structure of the Universe is ruled by two forms of energy —gravitational energy and ″vacuum″ energy.
Physicists believe that the two act in opposition to each other —as opposites in conflict.

These physicists are totally and provably wrong!

The reality is that the two force-effects act in harmony —in a remarkable cosmic-scale harmony of opposites.

SNAPSHOT of back cover:

Book specifications:

  • Title: “Guide to the Construction of the Natural Universe”

  • Author: Conrad Ranzan

  • Publisher: DSSU Research

  • Size: 6″ x 9″; 318 pages (black & white)

  • Includes: Over 61 figures, plus a number of tables; references and index

  • ISBN: 978-0-9938823-0-2 (Softcover)

  • Price: US$29.00 (CAN$29.00)

Purchasing information:  C-FAR Books

Library: Available at the Niagara Falls Public Library. May be borrowed (free of charge for residents of the Province of Ontario) through the Ontario Public Library system.

Chapter Reviews

Chapter One: The Search for Understanding

Review: Ahh, yes— “… above all, for the enrichment of motivated individualists everywhere, those free thinkers of our three-dimensional world let us proceed with the construction of the Natural universe.”... Well said!

    I began reading “The Search for Understanding” and was so transfixed I could not put the Chapter down! What a beautiful introduction and captivating read. I’ve always admired your writing, at its most telling and lyrical, but this one tops them all. What a marvelous beginning to the book and I would not change anything about the lovely flow, context, historicity and science narrative you so brilliantly put together.

    Enjoyed the section “The Mythology Search” with its Roman Gods and so many others; and the section “The Religion-Restricted Search” with its tragic tale of Giordano Bruno. In the section “The Natural Law Search,” I loved the focus on the Greek philosophers and felt overjoyed by the Heraclitus, single sentence fragment DK22B30 (“everliving fire ...”). I found, on page 31, a gold nugget among so many that preceded, and this was the great, J. J. Thomson memoire; so very fitting here! And my applause grew louder as I approached the page-34 material ending with “… cosmology by the end of the century lost all connection with reality.” I also found the Richard Feymman quote very nicely placed on page 38, preceding the section “The Resumption of the Natural Law Search.” ... So too the wonderful quote from Halton Arp, on page 40. He is one of my all-time heros! … There is more, like the segment on the Catholic Church which delighted me and the segment on Giordano Bruno is so deserved and beautifully presented. All in all, you’ve succeeded in grabbing the attention of sophisticated readers. Well done!
Roger Ferragallo, California (2014-6-20)

Chapter Two: The Space Medium

Review: This chapter examines the ancient, historical, and contemporary concepts of what it is that permeates space, what it is that fills the Universe. Here we explore and define the essence of our Universe. –CR

Chapter Three: Space Medium Expansion –Hubble’s Great Discovery

Review: According to the famous cosmologist Edward Harrison, "We must sometimes doubt what everybody is sure about."
    Here we examine what Edwin Hubble actually discovered —and find that it wasn't the expansion of the universe. It wasn't what everybody seemed so sure about. –CR

Chapter Four: Space Medium Contraction –the Balancing Opposite of Expansion

Review: This important chapter reads well and is nicely done ... ideas clearly explicated. The "Gravity Theories" segment is excellent. I remain impressed how beautifully the historical backgrounds are handled and how readers are provided with a helpful summary chart of the various gravity models.
–R. Ferragallo, California (2014-7-2)

Chapter Five: Matter Formation Component & Mass Acquisition

Review:  Beautifully written and flows like Aether: clear, profound, conveys the heart of the DSSU. Powerful. ... Loved the extended segment on Steven Strogatz and his "Emerging Science of Spontaneous Order"; what a great find. I've not come across this conceptual application of spontaneous synchronization before.
–R. Ferragallo, California (2014-7-17)

Chapter Six: The Terminal Matter-Annihilation Process

Review: Chapter 6 absolutely delighted me; all the more so since it resolved, in convincing fashion, some remaining questions I’ve had about Black Holes.  The presentation is right-on, black holes and event horizons are pure fictional fantasia in contrast with the ‘natural’ answer lying in the DSSU, in its aether-deprivation Terminal Process.

    My assessment was decidedly reinforced after reading, cover to cover, Leonard Susskind’s “The Black Hole War.”   I respect Susskind, who writes with wit and clarity.  There is little doubt he is influential and brilliant but this stops short of his having anything convincing to say to me about cosmology and black holes.  His Holographic Principle is fantasy ridden and like so many of his bright colleagues, he is tied at the hip to Big Bang theory.  I enjoyed his back-and-forth personal exchanges with Stephen Hawking at the Santa Barbara conference in 1993 along with Gerard ‘t Hooft, Penrose, and other luminaries, debating the so-called “Black Hole War” that has raged on endlessly for more than a decade.  Susskind’s book, written in 2008, was well worth reading for reasons that went beyond Black Holes into other issues from which I learned a lot.  His particle “propeller” and “hub” metaphors with illustrations were keenly intuitive and more.

    Let me just underscore the contrast between the Natural approach to interpreting the Universe (in Ranzan’s book) and the conventional view by quoting a perplexed but thoughtful Susskind: 

“But it is hard to dismiss most of the universe as nonsense.  There is no evidence that galaxies thin out or come to an end at the horizon [the cosmic visibility limit].  Astronomical observation indicates that they go on as far as the eye, or telescope, can see.  What are we to make of this situation? –The Black Hole War, p438

    And then a few pages later:

“The Holographic Principle was spectacularly confirmed by Maldacena’s theory of anti de Sitter Space, but the geometry of the real universe, if anything, is more like de Sitter Space [expanding space], with its cosmic horizons and bubbling pocket universes.  At the moment, no one knows how to apply String Theory, The Holographic Principle, or other lessons about black hole horizons to cosmic horizons, but the connections are likely to be very deep.  My own guess is that these connections are at the root of many cosmological puzzles.  Someday I hope to write another book explaining how all this eventually plays out, but I don’t think it will be too soon.” –The Black Hole War, p446 

    Stay tuned, Mr. Susskind, help is at hand! A “Guide” book is now available.

–R. Ferragallo, California (2014-7-25)

Chapter Seven: Bringing the Pieces Together

Review:  This is a most powerful Chapter. –R.F. (2014-8-6)

Chapter Eight: Spatial Infinity

Review:  I am left breathless by “Spatial Infinity” because it is eminently readable, erudite, compelling and powerful. Yes, all-encompassing and beautifully written without a hiccup to be found. I absolutely love the concluding Ockham-Razor, Cosmological Principle, Philosophical Arguments and how the Chapter closes with the last word on Time and motion. … All in all, a fine chapter—an organic whole and one that relegates Big Bang theories to the dust bin, once and for all.
–R. Ferragallo, (2014-8-12)

Chapter Nine: Testing the Construction, Part 1

Review:  I had to read this chapter twice. … I found the chapter done fantastically well: start to finish. I might only question the “global warming” metaphor on page 178 but it’s a minor issue not worth discussing.

    Redshift, Hubble distance, powerful CBR discussion, Universe as a Thermodynamic System (Laws) and (Fig. 9-1, 9-2, & 9-3) are truly masterful and convincing to any and all awake lay and sophisticated readers. Defining the deeply misunderstood cosmic reality of CBR destroys, once and for all, the century old torch carried by the Big Bang crowd and their minions. Successfully hammers them with beautifully written informative erudition, “The Ultimate Test” (Fig. 9-4); all truly well done.

    I also found everything on pages 183-191 riveting because you minced no words when discussing Heraclitus (powerful fragments) and contrasting this with ancient Brahmanic-Vedic cosmology followed with Friedman, Steinhardt-Turok, Hoyle, Eddington discussion. I especially admire how you beat up on the “fireworks” crowd. Indeed, DSSU theory, heralding the natural perpetual “Universe Is” concept, uniquely breaks away from all cosmologies from the past.

    Your concluding pages are much appreciated because they filled in many philosophical insights and comparatives that I have thought a lot about over these past years of DSSU study. These latter pages contain the remarkably profound segment on the “necessity of limited existence” which I found exciting and will continue to ponder over.

    Yes, indeed, the Heraclitus “eternal fire” universe is timeless but the “stuff” (energy processes) as it is described coming into being for some 100 billion years must in the end find its Terminal Annihilation. This is not yet totally absorbed in my mind even though I take seriously the concluding admonition “not to overextend the principle of limited existence.”  Unequivocally,“the universe is the sum total of what is and what is continually coming into existence and what is passing out of existence. Nothing more, nothing less. In the context of processes, the universe is the sum total of the energy process(es) and termination process(es).”  I understand the depth of this, but I question not the postulated logic but the philosophical consequences that comes with a human brain/mind (each of us possess) powered by 200 billion neurons with synaptic connections in the cerebral cortex alone, equal in number to all the stars within 1,500 Milky Way galaxies! (Yes, of course, small potatoes when considering the DSSU infinite cellular universe to be sure: BUT I have questions about this...?) The DSSU universe has no beginning and can have no end. In this way the universe is perpetual—its being is forever... and yet, as the chapter conclusion reminds us, “you cannot have a universe that is perpetual in time.” I was left excited and breathless by your concluding thoughts!

    Again, Chapter 9: wonderful, provocative, logical and the science impeccable, and, I must say, held some surprises for me!
–R. Ferragallo, California (2014-9-1)

Author’s comment: Chapter 9 contains what I consider to be the ultimate test of validity of ANY theory of the Universe! I intended it to be the hidden gem in the book —and a most useful test for justifying the rejection of rival theories. –CR

Chapter Ten: Testing the Construction, Part 2

Review:  I read Chapter 10 several times because it is readable and flows without a hitch.  It covers a lot of important ground, clarifying the riddle of gravitation and mass, giving a clear understanding of historical aether, giving it the attention it deserves, and always maintaining the connection to the DSSU; it supports all earlier chapters extremely well.

    The sections “Resolving the Riddle of Gravitation,” “Simplification of Fundamental Forces,” “Elliptical Galaxies,” “Gyrating Galaxies,” “Agreement with Special Relativity,” and “Resolving the Mystery of Mass” are all very clearly presented and nicely done.

    I certainly enjoyed the description of elliptical galaxies.  I’ve not had any interest in ellipticals but will not look at them the same after reading the splendidly original presentation.  I detoured through Google to find the literature on this and found a lot of confusion about these objects.  I had always thought that ellipticals (with their abundance of old stars) were subject to angular momentum and thought they generally rotated but this appears not the case (even though there may be some exceptions).  The highly interesting Figs: 10-1, -2, -3, & -4 show the natural progression and relationship of ellipticals to majestic spiral galaxies that caused me to study this ever more closely.  It would appear that ellipticals (variously sized in appearance), perhaps very early on (billions of years) within DSSU voids and likely before our Milky Way/Andromeda spirals began their dynamic pulling, gyrating dance to coalesce as one all the while bound toward their inevitable nodal-cluster destination.  I like how the Milky Way, Andromeda and nodal Virgo Cluster were woven into this discussion.  I appreciate realism and observation with DSSU and enjoy citing this with friends.

     The aether historical background so beautifully woven into mass and the direct cause of gravitation is an awesome presentation and utterly revolutionary in scope.  No one has succeeded as well as Ranzan has in connecting aether, mass (“resolving the mystery of mass”), and gravitation.  Climactic and splendidly done.

    I love the author’s expression, “Our conceivable and perceivable Cosmos is an electromagnetic manifestation on a regenerative aether substrate”... Simply, beautifully stated.   I remain with a philosophical question or two about the cosmic aether, but who among us has not when confronted with an utterly beautiful universe pondered its relationship to life and consciousness?  By all accounts, this aether substrate is truly amazing in its ability to solve long-standing mysteries. The concluding segment, “Resolving the Mystery of Mass” should be mandatory reading for all aether deniers and dreamers of the Higgs field/particle.
–R. Ferragallo, California (2014-9-10)

Chapter Eleven: Testing the Construction, Part 3

Review:  Chapter 11 is a gem. It deserves the highest possible praise throughout.

    Due diligence is given to the late Halton Arp, who I greatly admired. I try to imagine how he felt all those years of being denied the use of the great observatories of his day (by the gatekeepers of the orthodox view) so as not to give credence to the anomalous observational evidence he uncovered. The account of the redshift anomalies, distance and motion discrepancies, spiral and field galaxies plus the excellent visuals, Fig. 11-1 and Fig. 11-2, in the Chapter introduction is wonderfully readable and presented.

    The section “Galaxy Rotation and Dark Matter Redundancy” puts to rest the puzzling conundrum surrounding why spiral galaxies rotate as they do and why their star flows maintain orbital distances and velocities contrary to the Newtonian-Keplerian rule that prevails within the solar system. Together Fig. 11-4 and 11-5 beautifully illustrate spiral galaxies and the motion of their stars; all in accordance with a natural gravity postulate that embeds the aether into a dynamic process that gives reason and credence to why star distance and velocities are as they are. If this were not the case their stars would be flung away from galaxy cores into the beyond and spiral galaxies would cease to exist. Fig. 11-5 exemplifies the reality that rotating spiral galaxies are maintained and predisposed by two aether effects: aether inflow and aether acceleration. This segment is well done and should be taught in all classrooms in America and beyond.

    The segment on “Cosmic-Scale Structure” is great; especially enjoyed the Kona Conference context that drives a stake through the heart of current theories, namely the Big Bang model. I like the entire context that leads up to discussing the void, galaxy clusters, extended walls of galaxies, ninety-degree-wall structures, linear filaments, etc. Indeed, just the right place to introduce cosmic dodecahedral geometry all nicely presented and illustrated with Fig. 11-6, which deals with 4- and 8- arm structure with convincing realism. I particularly appreciate the paragraph (page 236) that addresses the Coma, Virgo cluster examples related to 8- and 4- arm galaxy clusters; and how all this is put into a context with our Milky Way. I wish there had been more in identifying the all-important "void" (Sculptor Void) we are a party to and other contiguous voids (Fornax, Canes Major, etc.). All in all, "Cosmic-Scale Structure" is nicely presented.

    “A Selection of Other Tests" leads to a climatic crescendo with David Layzer's concept that makes it clear that gravitational forces must regard [i.e., incorporate] center-and-edge architecture and, as the author puts it, "there must be a center-of-gravity location." The concept fits DSSU theory to a tee and destroys what little is left of Big Bang cosmology! Beautifully done throughout! It is made abundantly clear on page 240 where the need for a source energy is noted and where the chapter finishes off with Ockham's rule of simplicity —the application of this rule simply destroys all of the crazy theories and models out there that cannot hold a candle to the DSSU natural construction.
–R. Ferragallo, California (2014-9-20)

Chapter Twelve: A Natural Cosmology

Review:  Without a single equation, Chapter 12 made my day.

    I admire the opening segment “Unification as a Guide to deeper Understanding” for its transparency and intelligibility.  The Brian Greene quotes are well targeted for what follows, what amounts to an excellent summary of DSSU unification which unmistakably elucidates the heart of the non-material aether and resultant emergence of energy, mass, photon, electromagnetic effects, the cause of gravitation, special relativity, speed-of-light illusion, and time as process.

    The next segment “The Photon-Gravity Connection” focuses on a relatedness that many theorists have sought, including Einstein who had searched during many years of his life. “And the key was, as Einstein had suspected, the aether.”   Revisiting this connection is of great consequence here.

    “The Mainspring of Existence” section delivers a devastating blow to the orthodoxies and wrong-headed cosmologies.  Very convincing and great lead-in to “… back to the real world”!  And in the real world, there exists an essential “Primary Cause process on the smallest possible scale … essential, because the Universe cannot exist without a root-cause process.”

    The mainspring of existence elucidation is followed by the “Concept Map of the Natural Universe.” This extremely important segment is profound, brilliant and beautifully crafted —start to finish.  Altogether, a clear and well organized presentation of the 4 axioms and 4 postulates:  a very decisive, defining moment within the pages of this book and the very heart and soul of Chapter 12 that defines the Natural construction. The addition of the flowchart (Fig 12-1) works well to bring together the remarkably balanced perpetual processes embodied in the four axioms and four postulates.

    I liked the breakaway discussion surrounding axioms Essence Process I and II, which, for some, may strike a metaphysical chord.  Assuredly it is challenging to accept the very deep nature and subtle distinctions drawn between Axioms I and II since they are necessarily deep sub-quantum non-material processes.  The metaphysical question was handily put to rest throughout page 256.  Bravo!  Readers are sure to come away from the clearly drawn "concept map" that views a Natural construction cutting through the morass of errant cosmologies (with their fine tuning problems and all).  I hadn't realized that the four postulated processes carry such an exquisite balance according to which “increasing their rates” affects only cosmic cell size and changes mainly the distance between nodes!  Again, the calculations, reasoning and logic preserve our extraordinary construction from A to Z. 

    I must mention, the similarity between Postulate #I and essence process II sent me to revisit Ranzan’s earlier journal-published Paper, “The Processes of Gravitation.”  It was breathtaking to read again the precise numbers describing aether points a kilometer apart that grow barely over 3 centimeters every million years. But scaled cumulatively within colossal cosmic voids, the prodigious space-medium expansion boggles the mind; meanwhile, the opposite occurs at nodal gravity wells where contractile aether dissipation (via Postulate #2) and resultant end-process extinction take place.

    The closing segment “Apparent Chaos and Concealed Order” explains in unambiguous terms why an intrinsically highly-ordered cellular universe appears to be so chaotic.  It explains the misguided confusion among astronomers who see and interpret the evidence of explosion, disorder, randomness and chaos, evidence that grows more pronounced the deeper they peer into space with their telescopes. And yet the distortions are, in fact, the line of sight consequences of a highly ordered cellular universe.  I enjoyed the discussion of observational gravitational lensing.  True enough!  Astronomy, must come to terms with the observational line-of-sight realities.  The unending plethora of powerful nodal gravity wells bend and distort the light the deeper one peers into space.  Hidden in the chaos is the beautiful aesthetic order of DSSU multi-cellularity.

    The writing and erudition I found to be masterful! All in all, a very well done chapter indeed.
–R. Ferragallo, California (2014-10-8)

Chapter Thirteen: The Secret of the Universe

Review:   I've immersed myself mightily in the last chapter, "The Secret of the Universe" and have come away with ever increasing understanding of the finer details that brought this book, over the years, to fruition. This chapter is wonderfully written with crystal clear summation of all the preceding chapters. The opening "Wherein the Secret Lies" sets the stage and reveals a recurring historical pattern; we learn the root of Einstein's insistence that the universe had to be balanced.  Indeed, it becomes clear that the true secret lies in “balancing the positive and negative energy of the universe.” And the challenge has always been in achieving that balance. The segment “Energy Balance in the Natural DSSU,” with the aid of Table 13-2 and 13-3, brings into sharp focus the difference between the approach that fails and the one that succeeds. The energy-accounting comparison clearly shows the physics community has had it wrong by ignoring the role of aether and Lambda with respect to gravity, mass and energy. The author succeeds in untangling the morass of confusion. Without reiterating the obvious, it is enough to say that Lambda stands as a perpetual font, ever positive and ever in harmonious opposition to absolutely all forms of "negative" energy —radiation, mass/matter, and gravitation, which must by cosmic necessity annihilate aether units singly or en masse in order to exist. And so it is that both sides, negative and positive, exist as opposites in harmony and epitomize "the secret of the universe."

    I can only applaud, loudly what follows with “A Historical Quirk, a Fateful Imbalance” all nicely put forth in clear prose, along with Table 13-4, which speaks for itself. Surprised by Feynman's taking the positive view entirely, which he bases on the presumption that all one needs is to have everything work out mathematically; the same may be said of Dirac. I'm convinced by the Natural view that “all matter and antimatter represent negative energy” and the logic of placing mass, radiation, electric fields, magnetic fields, and gravity on the same side of the accounting chart. I continue to be most pleased that DSSU elevates the photon and reinforces its fundamental position once again.

    High applause, too, for the “Source Energy” segment. I especially love the “principle of limited existence.”  All of nature from lowly bacterium to the mighty spiral galaxy must, by natural law, have limited existence whether considered philosophically or scientifically. Both play in the same yard and by the same rules. Order prevails, but defining "order" becomes an interesting open question restrained only by cosmic law; and particular emphasis is given to “source energy as unique” and assuredly not a "seed" in any sense of the word. The discussion of the cosmic essence process inspired me to higher levels of visualization. … Yes, indeed, the essence process is a "special" philosophical mysterious process. I like the rendition, Fig.13-1, because the balance-scale image is logical and identifies “the secret lies in the perpetual balance between Source Energy and Sink Energy.” … I'm particularly stirred by the flowchart (Fig.13-2).

    Now, "On the Balance of the Evidence": I like the discussion within this segment and very much appreciate, as will other readers, the Table 13-5 and 13-6 summaries. They are both excellent and well put together. The contrasts between the expanding universe paradigm and Natural cellular cosmology columns are clear and telling. Well done and nicely placed, particularly as they present a factual realistic critique that gives clarity and realism where it is most needed. Here, surely, the Book succeeds in driving a silver stake through the heart of the expanding universe paradigm.

    The section “Fateful Assumptions” works well with the preceding segment because it recapitulates the historical record of "self-delusion" and worse. I like the writing style throughout this entire Chapter and especially in this concluding section where we find some fiery prose with a certain genuine passion. Here we find writing reinforced by the honest convictions of a dedicated scientist who believes in the power of study, research, love of science, focus of mind, and respect of history for conveying reality —particularly the reality that comes from inspired truth about the mystery of existence.
–R. Ferragallo, California (2014-11-1)


The "Guide to the Construction of the Natural Universe" with its powerful 4 Axioms and 4 Postulates brings a stunning 21st-century cosmology and breath of fresh air to the unbridled confusion brought on today by all the expanding universes, big bangs, multi-verses, cyclical concoctions, fractal hierarchies, and more. While these models contribute to public excitement, they unfortunately also hold sway with unmitigated influence in the halls of science, academia and the popular press. This highly-original well-written and illustrated 317-page book unfolds a natural universe based on tangible realism and astronomical observation. It adds remarkable new science that renders a profound understanding of fundamental aether that ties a cosmic space-medium (having a positive Lambda nature) to what no one had accomplished in the history of science: the historic DSSU discovery of the contractile processes of negative-energy gravitation and the cosmic cell-structure thereby sustained. With uncommon originality the 'cellular' Dynamic Steady State Universe embodies a revolutionary cosmology that also brings forth a unique realistic view of particle physics joined directly to the processes of gravitation, mass-energy, radiation, magnetism, spiral galaxies and to the very largest structure we observe beyond the Milky Way. What we have here is an inspired, beautifully presented, all inclusive, fundamental vision made crystal clear with erudite logic, rigorous research founded in natural science and objective truth. In the course of the universe "construction" Conrad Ranzan thoughtfully acknowledges the contributions and insights of great minds both past and contemporary, including Heraclitus, Newton, Maxwell, Dirac, Einstein, Williamson, Feynman, Susskind, Greene, Primack, and others. What a magnum opus this seminal work represents! A most exciting book, it is a must read not only for anyone interested in cosmology but anyone wishing to expand their consciousness, their awareness of reality. – (2014-11)


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