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(2018 May 24): Two papers are currently under review. Meanwhile, work has begun on a new research paper ---delving deeper into the amazing properties of aether.

(2018 April 28):
Question: What drives astrophysical jets?
What process or mechanism generates the stupendous power of those spectacular emission jets associated with certain stars? (I’m talking about gamma photons and neutrinos with energy equivalent to a million hydrogen atoms!! Imagine that much energy contained in a single gamma photon or neutrino!)
    This has been one of the biggest mysteries of the universe —one that has baffled the academic cognoscenti for decades.
    The answer will be revealed in the next research article, which is currently under review. And as the followers of DSSU theory have come to expect, the answer is perfectly natural; the concepts are straightforward, the arguments logical, the conclusions compelling, the implications profound.

(2018 February 1): Research paper Sachs-Wolfe Effect Disproof has been published in in the International Journal of Astrophysics and Space Science. Abstract & links.
Reprint (download PDF).

(2017 December 30) Press release: The Sacks-Wolfe Effect has now been disproved. … Expansion Cosmology has lost its last supporting pillar. …

(2017 December 29): Another powerful research paper … another devastating blow for the Big Bang … the "Sacks-Wolfe Effect Disproof " has been accepted for publication in an international journal for astrophysics. (Details to follow within a few days.)

(2017 December): Comment posted: Galaxy age misinterpretation. Does cosmic distant have any relationship to a galaxy’s age?

(2017 December): 2nd printing of "The Nature of Gravitational Collapse": (Details)

(2017 November): Special purchase offer on the book "Guide to the Construction of the Natural Universe": (Mail-in Order Form.)

(2017 Sept): Recently brought to my attention: DSSU material appears on The New Illuminati website accompanied by some amazing graphics.

New Illuminati –The DSSU is The New Cosmology

New Illuminati –Hidden Substrate of Reality
–History of the Aether Theory

(2017 Sept): "Assorted Comments" added to QuestionsAnswersComments.

(2017 July): The book The Nature of Gravitational Collapse is now available.

The Nature of Gravitational Collapse

Subtitle: How the photon, the particle of light, is responsible for mass, gravity, superneutron stars, and supermassive black holes

—Reveals the truth about stellar and supermassive black holes.

This work contains 311+ pages, 67 illustrations, references, and index. …
Second printing details (2017 November)
First printing details (Lambert Academic Publishing).

(2016 December): “So easy to understand” comment from an Australian engineer.

(2016 November): “Large-Scale Structure of the Dynamic Steady State Universe” now published in the American Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol.4, No.6, 2016, pp.65-77. Astract and Links to HTML and PDF.

(2016 June):
Revolutionary research paper:
The Nature of Gravitational Collapse –published in the American Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol.4, No.2, 2016, pp.15-33. Abstract and Links:
—Another major DSSU success, as it reveals amazing new insights! The theory has uncovered the mechanism by which mass undergoes a total conversion to energy. Yes, a mass to energy conversion with 100% efficiency!  As everything else in the DSSU, it is a perfectly natural process. Truly amazing!

(2016-4-26):  A mathematical cosmologist claims the values of the Hubble-expansion parameter and the cosmic-background temperature are the most important elements for understanding the real Universe! Letter and response.

(2016 March):  What is the difference between a physical and a mechanical aether? ...
Be aware of the distinctions among the terms commonly applied to aether: Terms such as physical, mechanical, subquantum, and dynamic. Link to new Question & Answer.

The book, Guide to the Construction of the Natural Universe, is now available at the Niagara Falls Public Library  (Victoria branch). If you live in the Province of Ontario, your local library can request the book from the Niagara Falls Public Library.

Participate in a unique exploration of the Cosmos: venture into the sub-atomic realm, even into the sub-quantum realm where the roots of reality reside, and into the domain of cosmic-scale cell-structure and beyond to infinity. Along the way, discover the cause of mass, the cause of gravitation, and rediscover Einstein’s “nonponderable” aether and Heraclitus’ harmony-of-opposites principle. … The book represents the ultimate vindication for all the skeptics who resisted the "preposterous" Big Bang mythology and who refused to join the exploding-cosmos religion.
The book contains 317 pages, 61 illustrations, references, and index …
Available from C-FAR Books.
Or use this mail-in Order Form.


My comments on the 2016 "Official Science" news story:

Do not be misled by the recent reports of the detection of gravity waves. What the LIGO apparatus measures is the interference from beams of self-generated electromagnetic waves. It seems highly probable that what LIGO actually detected was some vibrational “noise” or some unexplained interference; and NOT gravity waves originating from a distant binary system (in which two extremely massive black holes are supposedly in the process of merging). How the data, the wave patterns, are interpreted is subject to theory and restricted by theory. Naturally the official interpretation must conform to the Officially-sanctioned theory of gravity —Einstein’s general theory of relativity. Thus, the light patterns recorded by LIGO are interpreted via Einstein’s mathematical concept of gravity. The problem is the general-relativity-gravity interpretation, as is well known, ignores the space medium!

Have gravity waves really been detected?
Think about this: The academic experts do not have the cause and mechanism of gravity (Isaac Newton did not, Albert Einstein did not, and today’s big-bang astrophysicists do not). Their theory of gravity is embarrassingly incomplete! So, if they do not yet understand the nature of gravity itself, how then can they claim to be able to recognize the waves that gravity supposedly emits? The experts cannot even answer the simple question: Specifically, what is it that is waving? What is waving back and forth?
    Here is something else the reports fail to mention: The gravity waves that are actually detectable are those associated with the turbulence in the aether flow (the space medium streaming through our Solar System). Australian physicist Reginald T. Cahill has been examining these aether-flow waves for over 15 years. –CR (2016 May)
Updated 2016 June. See Comment #19

(2016 Jan 6) Published:
Olbers’ Paradox Resolved for the Infinite Non-Expanding Universe
, American Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics Vol.4, No.1, (2016 January). Abstract & download links.
● “The man accredited with discovering universe expansion did not believe that the universe was expanding. Hubble was convinced that the key evidence, the cosmic redshift, was caused by some other factor, something more fundamental than mere expansion.”
● “With the recent discovery of a new cosmic-redshift mechanism, and its theoretical validation, it turns out that Hubble was right.”
● Explains how “an infinite, non-expanding, perpetually regenerating universe" is able to predict a dark night sky.

Press Release (2015 Oct 15):
The Big Bang is no longer a viable hypothesis !

(2016 June) FREE DOWNLOAD:
"DSSU Validated by Redshift Theory and Structural Evidence", Physics Essays, Vol.28, No.4, p455-473 (2015 Dec) —Delivers the coup de grâce to the Big Bang. Abstract & Links.
Both Reviewers enthusiastically endorsed this "well-written and incisive article."

(2015-Oct 6): Webpage added for article Cosmic-Redshift Distance Law Without c Without H: Comments & Links  Describes the challenge of getting DSSU papers published.

(2015 Aug 20): Allow me to extend a sincere "Thank You" for the many invitations to join social media and professional networks. Unfortunately I must decline. It’s simply a matter of precious time —there is just too little of it. All my available time is taken up by research, writing, and website maintenance —in fact, two more web domains have been purchased. It is all being done for the purpose of providing the educated and interested public with the ammunition to refute and replace the utterly bankrupt big-bang Worldview. (However, not to give the impression of a total recluse, seclusionist, or misanthrope, I do manage to squeeze in a few delightful hours of ballroom dancing every week or two.) –CR

(2015 Aug): Brief update on the status of the neutrino and its adaptation into the DSSU particle theory. See Section 5 of the Discussion webpage for the article: The Fundamental Process of Energy

(2015 Aug): The article The Universe Is Infinite (Part 1) has been revised.

(2015 July): Comments and questions from a 14-year old student.

(2013): Higgs Boson Discovered?
After 50 long years of searching, Physicists claim to have detected the Higgs boson, the "particle" that ostensibly bestows the property of mass on all other such particles. Is it now time to celebrate? … Definitely not.
   The question now is this: If the Higgs ‘particle’ is the giver of mass to all other particles, what then gives the Higgs itself its mass?! (Yes, the newly discovered particle has mass, lots of it!) A difficult and embarrassing question indeed. It is like asking:
If God created everything, then who, or what, created God?
   While physicists think they have solved the mass problem, the reality is that they have unwittingly exposed an even bigger problem —the riddle of “First Cause”.


Sachs-Wolfe Effect Disproof –Published in in the International Journal of Astrophysics and Space Science, Vol.6, No.1, 2018. ( Abstract & Links.)

"The Nature of Gravitational Collapse"
–Published in American Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics. ( Abstract and Links.)
(Note, there is a typo in AJA&A posted version in the Fig-10 caption. It should read: … acceleration is proportional to 1/r2.)
"Olbers’ Paradox Resolved for the Infinite Non-Expanding Universe" –Published in American Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics. ( Abstract & download links.)
"DSSU Validated by Redshift Theory and Structural Evidence" published in Physics Essays, Vol.28, No.4, p455-473 (2015 Dec). Abstract.
Both Reviewers enthusiastically endorsed this "well-written and incisive article."
Published in the American Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics, AJAA, Vol.3, No.2, 2015:
Ellipticity, Its Origin & Progression in Comoving Galaxies  
Local  high-resolution PDF.

• Provides the first-ever natural explanation for the cause of the elliptical shape of nonrotating galaxies
• Retains the foundation premise of all modern cosmology but rejects the absurd concept of whole-universe expansion
• Takes full advantage of the universe’s cosmic cellular structure and exploits the DSSU theory of unified gravity domains
• Amazingly, the mechanism that stretches galaxies turns out to be the very same mechanism that causes the cosmic spectral redshift!

Glossary of Terms used in Cosmology and Astrophysics with particular emphasis on DSSU theory.
(Opens in separate Window or Tab)


Mysteries & Paradoxes that Plague Standard Cosmology  (Updated 2015-7)

Cosmology Crisis of 1998 (Revised 2015-5)

Critique of Conventional Cosmology ... comments relating to the 'preposterous' expanding-universe paradigm.
Bafflement —the remarkable admission of a physicist.
The Cosmology Debate That Never Happened   —During the 20th century there was a decades-long debate: The cataclysmic expanding universe VS the stable expanding universe. But there has never been a debate of the dynamic expanding universe VS the dynamic non-expanding universe. (Posted 2011 Oct)

Models of the Universe —Historical, Expanding, and Cellular universes. INCLUDES A USEFUL TABLE FOR COMPARING THEORIES.

The Universe Is Infinite (Part 1) —overcoming a "central" problem of cosmology theories.

The Universe Is Infinite (Part 2) —an explanation of how the universe can always have existed and will always exist.

DSSU, The Non-Expanding Universe: Structure, Redshift, Distance —A long sought-after goal of astrophysicists has been a formulation of cosmic distance that is independent of the speed of light. The goal has now been achieved. The present Paper details the surprisingly simple distance expression and its validating agreement with Supernova data.

Why Copernicus Did Not Need a Force of Gravity —Explores the question of why no one, except Newton, invoked a force. (Posted April, 2011)

Gravity and Lambda —A Story of Opposites (.htm) —A story of opposites in harmony. Key differences between the Conventional Cosmology and the New Cosmology are presented.

Dynamic Cosmic Cell —The Structural Component of the DSSU —Animated image and discussion of the self-sustaining, self-balancing system.

Why Einstein Did Not Receive the Nobel Prize for His Theory of Relativity —“By 1922 Einstein had been nominated about fifty times —most were for his relativity theories.”

Questions & Answers & Comments


(2016 June) FREE DOWNLOAD details:
DSSU Validated by Redshift Theory and Structural Evidence, Physics Essays, Vol.28, No.4, p455-473 (2015 Dec) —Delivers the coup de grâce to the Big Bang. Abstract & Links.
Both Reviewers enthusiastically endorsed this "well-written and incisive article."

The Dynamic Steady State Universe.
This work brings together the main pieces of the cosmic puzzle in a step-by-step construction of the Natural Universe. Published in Physics Essays Vol.27 No.2 (2014 June issue) (PDF download)  "... the arguments are well-made. The article is competent, enjoyable and readable." —Reviewer for Physics Essays Journal

Olbers’ Paradox Resolved for the Infinite Non-Expanding Universe
, American Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics Vol.4, No.1, (2016 January). Abstract & download links.
● “The man accredited with discovering universe expansion did not believe that the universe was expanding. Hubble was convinced that the key evidence, the cosmic redshift, was caused by some other factor, something more fundamental than mere expansion.”
● “With the recent discovery of a new cosmic-redshift mechanism, and its theoretical validation, it turns out that Hubble was right.”

Cosmic Redshift in the Nonexpanding Cellular Universe  ( Journal links ) —details the actual causal mechanism. Published in the American Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics, Vol.2, No.5 (2014) Abstract.
Local copy with quality images: (Reprint pdf).
• Entirely new concept for cosmic redshift mechanism;
• Retains the foundation premise of all modern cosmology;
• But does not require whole-universe expansion;
• A redshift based on the DSSU theory of unified gravity & cosmic cellular structure;
• Remarkable agreement with independently established redshift distances.

The Cosmology Debate That Never Happened
What historians call "the greatest cosmological debate in history” was between TWO  expanding universes —two hypothetical models that share the same, I repeat, the same foundational property! If one is to claim some great clash of ideas (let alone the "greatest") then surely there must exist some deep dividing difference! (Posted 2011 Oct)

The Case for a Cellular Universe
—the Story of a Baffling Omission in Modern Cosmology    (Revised 2015)

Large-Scale Structure of the Dynamic Steady State Universe published in the American Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol.4, No.6, 2016, pp.65-77. Astract and Links.
■ Presents the first 2 of the 4 main postulates that define the DSSU.
■ Space-medium expansion and contraction are perpetually held in balance, thus ensuring a non-expanding universe.
■ Explains how the two dynamic processes of the DSSU’s space medium sustain the cellular structure responsible for the pattern of matter distribution in our Universe.

Cosmic-Redshift Distance Law Without c Without H Comments & Links Simplifying the redshift-distance formula by removing the speed-of-light constant and the Hubble parameter —while maintaining agreement with observational evidence.

DSSU Theory:

DSSU Validated by Redshift Theory and Structural Evidence, Physics Essays, Vol.28, No.4, p455-473 (2015 Dec) —Delivers the coup de grâce to the Big Bang. Abstract & Links.
Both Reviewers enthusiastically endorsed this "well-written and incisive article."

Theoretical Foundation and Pillars of the DSSU (Introduction) —This introductory essay gives a thematic tour of historical and modern universes culminating with the Natural Universe.

Currently undergoing revision and updating: Theoretical Foundation and Pillars of the Dynamic Steady State Universe (pdf) —The first complete presentation of all four postulates of DSSU theory. A powerful paper that resolves the cause-of-causes paradox, explains the non-independent nature of time, and reveals the 'supreme advantage'. It includes a concise comparison with standard cosmology focusing on real-world viability.
Supplementary Discussion: The Primary Process


The Fundamental Process of Energy —A Qualitative Unification of Energy, Mass, and Gravity. (Abstract & Reviews & Links) … This article reveals the secret behind photon confinement. (Contains only a bare minimum of mathematics and mainly in one of the 14 sections.)
PART 1 published in Infinite Energy Magazine Issue #113 (Jan/Feb 2014)
PART 2 published in Infinite Energy Magazine    Issue #114 (Mar/Apr 2014)

Headlined as:
A "Conceptual Unification of Energy, Mass and Gravity"

Dynamic Cosmic Cell —The Structural Component of the DSSU —Animated image and discussion of the self-sustaining, self-balancing system.

Unified Gravitation Cells of the DSSU —Constructing the Universe with Cosmic Gravity Cells

Space Flow Equations and Expansion-Contraction Rates (pdf) —This paper explores the mathematical aspects of the two space postulates of DSSU theory —and uncovers some profound consequences.


Documentary movie footage in which Einstein states, "There exists an aether"
High resolution .mpg video.
Low resolution .wmv video.

The Aether Experiments and the Impact on Cosmology —The aether has been detected at least 6 times in recent history. Its most recent "re-discovery", in 2001, led to the long-sought causal mechanism of gravity —a discovery which, in turn, is revolutionizing cosmology.

Michelson-Morley and the Story of the Aether Theory —Richard Milton's analysis of the historical details involving the misrepresentation, bias, and cover-up that hampered the Aether theory.

The History of the Aether Theory —The historic development of the aether as a scientific theory of space itself. What started as the "fifth element" of Antiquity becomes molded by theoretical constraints and experimental evidence into the dual-dynamic sub-quantum medium —the Essence of the Universe. (Updated 2016-2)

Relativity of Time in the Aether-Space of the DSSU —How intrinsic time and relative time are related.

DSSU Relativity –The Lorentz Transformations Applied to Aether-Space —Ranzan
Reprinted by permission of Physics Essays Publication, Physics  Essays Vol.23, No.3, p520. (2010). ABSTRACT

The Physical Nature of Length Contraction —the DSSU Theory of Length Contraction Induced by Absolute Motion.
An easy to follow examination of how the mode by which matter is “conducted” through luminiferous aether causes the matter to contract. A simple derivation of the mathematical expression for this physical phenomenon is presented. There is also a brief discussion of relevant historical aspects and of nonphysical length contraction.
Reviewer's comments: “This is amazing …”  “The paper is interesting …” –Applied Physics Research reviewer. Published in Applied Physics Research journal Vol.5, No.1 (2013 Feb).

Contradiction Divides Two Aether Theories —An exploration into the three parts of the speed-of-light postulate.
Reprinted by permission of PEP, from  Physics Essays Journal (Vol 24, No.3, Sept, 2011) ... ABSTRACT

Basic - level mathematical and graphical exploration of dynamic aether flow: PDF

Here is an external webpage with an extensive list of research papers on the aether-drift experiments, and the larger question of energy in space.


Sachs-Wolfe Effect Disproof (published in in the International Journal of Astrophysics and Space Science Vol.6, No.1, 2018.)
Abstract & links.

DSSU Cosmic Redshift-Distance Relation (htm) —Converting the cosmic redshift into distance for our Cellular Universe using a simple and elegant equation.

Large Scale Structure of the Dynamic Steady State Universe (pdf)   How a dual-dynamic space medium sustains the cellular structure (published in AJAA in 2016).
  —Presents the postulates and implications of regional space-medium expansion and contraction.

Cosmic-Scale Structural Features Explained (pdf) (Chapter 2 of original DSSU Manuscript)
—The Spacing of Clusters
—Sheets of Galaxies
—Right-angled Walls of Galaxies.

The Cosmic Background Radiation in the DSSU —The natural explanation of the microwave background radiation applicable to the natural Cellular Universe.

Ellipticity, Its Origin & Progression in Comoving GalaxiesAmerican Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics, AJAA, Vol.3, No.2, 2015.
Local  high-resolution PDF.
HTML version available from AJAA here.


"The Nature of Gravitational Collapse"
–Published in American Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics Vol.4, No.2, 2016, pp.15-33. (Abstract and Links.)
(Note, there is a typo in AJA&A posted version in the Fig-10 caption. It should read: … acceleration is proportional to 1/r2.)

The Processes of Gravitation –The Cause and Mechanism of Gravitation by C. Ranzan –A revolutionary paper on gravity published in the Journal of Modern Physics and Applications Vol.2014:3  (2014).
( Abstract & Reviews & Links. Includes link to hi-resolution PDF) "Revolutionary".

Why Copernicus Did Not Need a Force of Gravity —Explores the question of why no one, except Newton, invoked a force. (Rev 2011-9)

First ever, journal-published paper featuring the DSSU:
The Story of Gravity and Lambda –How the Theory of Heraclitus Solved the Dark Matter Mystery –Ranzan
Reprinted by permission of PEP, from Physics Essays, Vol 23, No1, p75-87 (2010 Mar). ABSTRACT
This is the cure for the fallacious belief in cosmic-scale Dark Matter.

The Story of Gravity and Lambda –How the Theory of Heraclitus Solved the Dark Matter Mystery (Color version) –Ranzan Considered "an excellent contribution to the [PE journal]" --professional reviewer.

Unified Gravitation Cells of the DSSU —Constructing the Universe with Cosmic Gravity Cells


Why Einstein Did Not Receive the Nobel Prize for His Theory of Relativity (●Abstract ●Links ●Excerpts ●Extras) —“By 1922 Einstein had been nominated about fifty times —most were for his relativity theories.”

Einstein’s Simple Mathematical Trick –and the Illusion of a Constant Speed of Light  (Abridged version with links to Journal-published version. Posted July 2013)

Extended Relativity –Exploiting the Loopholes in Einstein's Relativity. A Logical extension of special relativity. Reprinted by permission of PEP, from Physics Essays Vol.25, No.3 (2012 Sept).
Abstract & Links & Reviews

The Three Components of the Speed-of-Light Postulate.  Published in Physics Essays journal Vol.26,No.1 (2013 March)
Local copy: The Three Components of the Speed-of-Light Postulate (pdf) Absolute vs relative. Variance vs invariance. Another instance of the Heraclitian "Harmony of Opposites." (Reprinted by permission of PEP, from Physics Essays, Vol.26, No.1, 2013).

Relativity of Time in the Aether Medium of the DSSU —Absolute Motion and Intrinsic Time

Resolving a Paradox in Special Relativity –Absolute Motion and the Unified Doppler Equation.
(Posted 2011, July). Reprinted by permission of PEP, from Physics  Essays Vol.23, No.4, p594 (2010). ABSTRACT

How DSSU Relativity Resolves the Speed Paradox (Introductory Discussion)   —Absolute Motion Resolves a (speed) Paradox in Einstein’s Special Relativity. (Supplementary Discussion)

DSSU Relativity –The Lorentz Transformations Applied to Aether-Space (Posted 2011, July). Reprinted by permission of Physics Essays Publication, Physics  Essays Vol.23, No.3, p520. (2010). ABSTRACT

The Key that Extends Einstein’s Relativity (Part 1) —Response to a reviewer critical of DSSU aether-space relativity
The Key that Extends Einstein’s Relativity (Part 2) —How to convert abstract-space equations into aether-space equations

Restoring the Physical Meaning of Energy
Published in Applied Physics Research journal Vol.5, No.2 (2013 May).
LOCAL COPY: Restoring the Physical Meaning of Energy —distinguishing between the apparent energy and the real energy of moving mass.

An Open Letter to the Scientific Community
(Published in New Scientist, May 22, 2004)

"The big bang today relies on a growing number of hypothetical entities, things that we have never observed-- inflation, dark matter and dark energy are the most prominent examples. Without them, there would be a fatal contradiction between the observations made by astronomers and the predictions of the big bang theory. In no other field of physics would this continual recourse to new hypothetical objects be accepted as a way of bridging the gap between theory and observation. It would, at the least, raise serious questions about the validity of the underlying theory. ..."  continues ...
A devastating Declaration of opposition to Big Bang cosmology signed by more than 400 Researchers.

For the full text click on: or alternate site.

This website is mainly concerned with revisionism in cosmology. Those of us involved in replacing the unnatural expanding-universe paradigm are aware of the difficulties involved.
   However, other revisionists have unimaginable difficulties. Consider the ongoing persecution of revisionists in other fields of intellectual pursuit: 
"It makes you wonder —about the immense effort being made by State and State-sponsored organizations with budgets of tens of millions of dollars and thousands of employees and associates to smother and punish these few men and women. Every punishing instrument imaginable is used, every vicious slander conceivable, every flagrant and pervasive form of censorship that law allows, including the imprisonment of simple writers for thought crimes against the State. ... Makes you wonder."Bradley R. Smith (2011)

"Discussing truth is so controversial, so dangerous … In most of the world it is simply illegal.” Gordon Duff, Senior Editor, Veterans Today (2011)

"The further a society drifts from truth the more it will hate those who speak it." –George Orwell

DEDICATION: This website is solemnly dedicated to those individuals who have conducted research in their chosen field and have informed others of their inquiries and suffered the consequences when subpoenaed by the Inquisition or some variant thereof. The dedication extends to those individuals currently imprisoned, and those facing trial and persecution simply for exercising their basic human right of freedom of expression supposedly granted to them under the UN Charter of Human Rights.
"Every year, hundreds of writers and other literary professionals around the world are imprisoned, prosecuted, persecuted, attacked, threatened, forced into exile or even murdered as a result of their work."

ALSO: Be aware of the continuing threat to our precious freedom of expression on the Internet. The threat is serious and relentless. It is described as “… the formal effort to mimic Communist China’s system of Internet censorship.” See The Secret Behind SOPA  (2012-Jan). Update.
More information on threats to internet freedom:

Reporter-journalist Arthur Topham, Canadian victim of the Inquisition, arrested (2012) for posting his research.
“Arthur Topham faces prison time for daring to speak his mind on his own website, as he faces criminal charges under Canada’s hate crimes legislation contained in Section 318 - 320 of the criminal code.” –Rights and Freedoms Bulletin Issue No. 204 Feb 7, 2015.
VERDICT: Arthur Topham found “guilty” AND “not guilty” of hate speech by a brain-dead jury!
 –Dr. James Sears, reporting in “The world’s Largest Anti-Marxist Publication” (Issue 2015 December,
2016 Update: Panel Discussion on The Trial of Arthur Topham

Free-speech crusader
Bill Whatcott defies British Colombia Human Rights Tribunal efforts to impose gender language tyranny.

“I have no intention on wasting money on a lawyer for the Morgane Oger vs Bill Whatcott case, as human rights tribunals are kangaroo courts and the odds of … getting justice in these biased tribunals is next to zero.” –2017 June ( …)

End of free speech in Britain:

A hostile jury, by a hasty unanimous verdict, decided that Nationalist Leader Jez Turner deserves to be sent to jail for his critical views! Report (2018-5-15).

British Maverick Psychologist jailed for publishing his research. … “The ambivalence of librarians getting writers imprisoned quite defies comprehension.” –Simon Sheppard (2013)

The repression of free speech in Canada has degenerated to the point where …

■ Freedom advocates, such as Marc Lemire, are censured for merely expressing their reasoned opinions. Freedomsite, whose motto is “Fighting for freedom against the censorship enforcers”, documents the official persecution.
■ A tenured professor has lost his position for revealing his research and views on history. This is unprecedented. Professor Anthony J. Hall at the University of Lethbridge, Alberta, has been suspended (2016 October 5) without pay.
“… Any thinking person should recognize that there is something deeply wrong when a history professor is persecuted for saying we should be able to examine our history.” –Monika Schaefer 2017
■ A publisher/editor, for expressing his reality-based views, has been denied postal services. Dr. James Sears, publisher and editor of Your Ward News was stripped of Canada Post Mail Service by government order (2016 June).
■ A violin teacher and truth revealer, Monika Schaefer, for posting a video (an apology to her dead mother), has been attacked by various so-called community leaders.

The treatment of violinist Monika Schaefer signals the end of our free and democratic society.” –The American Herald Tribune, 2016 Sept

American Speaker Arrested in Canada for the textual material on his iPad
—2017 June 24
While the invasion continues, the “guardians” of the nation are busy suppressing the freedom of expression: going after deemed violations in what people think and write and say.

Canada Claims Authority to Censor Your Internet Searches –Reason magazine
The "justice" system is being used to suppress opinions: In a legal battle (2018) for freedom of speech in Canada ... the prosecution and silencing of Dr. James Sears expected to cost taxpayers $20 million!

The Continuing Struggle for Freedom

A ray of hope in the ongoing struggle for freedom. Populist and nationalist movements around the world are gaining ascendancy over the New World Order’s effort to establish global governance and impose tyrannical control over every last square meter of the Earth’s surface. –The Barnes Review Vol.23 No.1 (2017 Jan p70)

In repressive Germany:

Ursula Haverbeck, 89, Sentenced to 14 Months in Jail for Heresy! –2017 November
This amazing 89-year-old woman continues advocating under the dictum: "Only the truth will set you free”.
Mrs. Haverbeck, along with her late husband, founded the education center Collegium Humanum, but which was banned by the Marxist thought police in 2008.

UPDATE (2018-5-16): Ursula Haverbeck will celebrate her 90th birthday in a German prison cell. The sprightly grandmother is now serving a two-year prison term without parole merely for stating a sincerely held opinion that is supported by acclaimed academics worldwide!!

INFO on Monika Schaefer's case:
For expressing her opinion on historical events, Canadian citizen Monika Schaefer has been arrested and imprisoned (2018-1-3) in Germany. She had committed no crime. Author Mike Walsh warns potential visitors to Germany to stay away from this dangerous police state. –Merkel Madness Grips Germany, (2018-1-7)

For more on Freedom (and Objectivism),
Freedomain Radio (
presented by Stefan Molyneux.

 Just Right Media (

... about the author ...

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The Fundamental Process of Energy
A Qualitative Unification of Energy, Mass, and Gravity
● Abstract   ● Links   ● Reviews   ● Discussion

Conrad Ranzan (Director, DSSU Research)

2012 (rev. 2016-6)



1. Abstract (and links)
2. Reviews
3. A Strange Situation

4. Response from a philosophical brother
5. Change of View Regarding Neutrino

"If the ultimate model of physics is to be as simple as possible, then one should expect that all the features of our universe must at some level emerge purely from properties of space." –Stephen Wolfram, A New Kind of Science


1.  Abstract (and links)

Abstract: The Universe is built upon a two-faceted Primary-Cause process, which serves as the key to the fundamental process of energy. Positive and negative energy processes are defined and used to resolve the cause-of-mass question, the cause-of-gravitation mystery, the dark matter problem, the vacuum energy confusion, the energy balance misunderstanding, and the source-energy enigma. "The Fundamental Process of Energy" presents a qualitative understanding and conceptual unification of energy, mass, and gravity.

Keywords: Energy; energy process; positive energy; negative energy; radiation; mass; gravitation; vacuum energy; dark energy; dark matter; source energy; cosmology, DSSU* theory.

* DSSU is the acronym for Dynamic Steady State Universe. It is a model based on the premise that all things are processes. As a cosmology theory it holds that aether is dynamic and that aether expands and contracts regionally and equally resulting in a cosmic-scale cellularly-structured universe.


The Fundamental Process of Energy –A Qualitative Unification of Energy, Mass, and Gravity, PART 1 by C. Ranzan,  Infinite Energy Magazine Issue #113 Jan/Feb 2014.   PART 1 download

The Fundamental Process of Energy –A Qualitative Unification of Energy, Mass, and Gravity, PART 2 by C. Ranzan,  Infinite Energy Magazine Issue #114 Mar/Apr 2014.   PART 2 download



2.  Reviews

(2012-5-13) Dear Conrad,

I’ve read your paper through and I’m stunned by its concept originality and how well it dovetails into DSSU theory. I will keep my comments for now specific to the first 10 pages up to but not including section #8, Energy of the Gravitational “Field”.  I feel I must comment on the early foundation you’ve laid out within the first seven sections since what follows stems from the material in those sections. [There are a total of fourteen sections.–C.R.] But make no mistake about it, I am thrilled with the entirety of this paper and find it startling that it answers questions I’ve long harbored regarding the vacuum, questions which have been treated by “others” flippantly if not without regard to science at all. Energetic particles flipping in and out of a vacuum doesn’t cut it with me —never has!

 Physicist Robert Oerter almost had it right with his “oscillators everywhere at every point in space” except for understanding “energy”. He understood the “oscillation” part but he failed to understand the “energy” part, the exclusion of energy from the aether space-medium, the exclusion of energy you accomplish so brilliantly. Now, when it comes to vacuum “fluctuators” I want something more but I accept your definition because it is so beautiful and logically presented. A fluctuator-filled super-dense aether-medium absolutely devoid of mass or energy is about as mysterious an entity as one can imagine. I like both the mystery and realism. How does one attack “luminiferous aether” and how does one fathom Einstein’s (Leyden) profound quotation? One can’t, since you so effectively back up Einstein’s prescient saying that the aether indeed appears “not endowed with the quality characteristics of ponderable media” and/or “energy” per se. You make your case with Einstein, Oerter, and Larmor that, indeed, the aether must be regarded as a natural law involving the imponderable “quintessence” ... Case closed! The truly remarkable concept you espouse is to prove that aether “is not a structure made of matter”. I entirely agree.

The aether as an “ultimate source medium” is worthy of deep thinking. You proved this handsomely …

 Your startling concept of aether fluctuators (oscillators) as a nonmaterial conducting medium for the photon in all its electromagnetic (EM) gradations that you so beautifully graphed in Figs. 2, 3, & 4 are clear and easily understood. I can visualize the single propagating photon sucking up the essence medium in order to fulfill its energy driven EM gradated existence. The process of existence of the photon in all its guises and forms, the process whereby the photon owes its existence to its unique mode of conduction, is emphatically lucid. Photons are surely energy laden (thanks to the excitation of the essence medium) to exist as electrons, positrons, quarks, mesons, and their anti-particles. The beauty of it all allows us to create and understand the pattern-rich matter we and the entire DSSU cellular universe consciously express and view as “existence”.

 I much enjoyed Fig. 5 which shows clearly the high-energy collision concept of “photon confinement” producing both left and right, particle and anti-particle, pairing. What a wonderful explanation and so right-on and to which I add to your question: “How might this be accomplished? How might the aether excitation (the photon of Fig. 4), traveling at lightspeed, be confined?” Yes, of course, by the medium through which it translates along with the method by which gravitational bodies large and small bend light, but far more diversely! This all appears to me like some cosmic grand piano in the hands of a chameleon photon that plays into the incredible micro-macro diversity of life and matter on Earth and all that we observe in the DSSU greater cellular universe by virtue of our particle-colliding, microscopic, telescopic, and spectroscopic tools. Your photonic-aether rendition is positively orchestral in its implications! The aether being a source of great consequence rather than a pot spewing energetic popcorn!

Your thesis on the neutrino and graviton are cogent and logical. It is little wonder a graviton has not been found? Gravitation, as you say, “is not a force and needs no force carrier”.  The neutrino has been touted as found (I have documented this) but this has not been exactly proven en mass.  And how can they pass through millions of miles of lead as though through vacuum? This sounds absurd! I agree with your assessment that the neutrino might not be a stand-alone particle.

As you say, “photon propagation through the aether is a process of conduction by aether absorption”. This is just an amazing statement about the aether, the space essence, as it absolutely avoids emptiness and I suspect leaves no holes? I find this description fascinating! Yet how can the aether be taken up by photons and then annihilated? It’s not a matter-or-energy question since the aether does not violate conservation laws—but portions of this soup to just “disappear” as if leaving a hole in the aether in spite of powerfully endowed photons devouring massive amounts of aether as they propagate at the speed of light, this makes my head spin? Your equation on page 7 explains it but the idea boggles the mind.
[Comment: Roger, here, has failed to make the connection with the related process of gravitation. –C.R.]

I know, I need to deep-think this more … to really understand this.

Again, your paper is just amazing. I will be giving it careful study in the days to come.

Thanks again, for giving me the early read on this before you put it out there. Where will you publish? The concept, because it deals with the “vacuum” as profoundly viewed as an aether far beyond the Planck scale and as an aether without an iota of materiality, energy, and mass, will surely be controversial but from my viewpoint most welcome. It’s time to let this all fly!

–Roger F.  (California) 2012 May 13

Roger F. is a prodigious reader of books on cosmology and astrophysics, and on the shape of reality. His specialty is creating images that capture the deeper nature of the universe and existence (hence, the metaphoric writing style quite evident in his reviews). His most famous work is The Cosmic Tree of Life, a publicly displayed digital painting. His website is:

(2012-5-19) Dear Conrad,

After my 3rd read, I’ve come to the conclusion that the process-of-energy paper is a master work …  I found that the DSSU conclusion wonderfully brought together the whole of the paper with its diverse components.

 I remain more stunned by this paper the more I read on because you have indeed developed new concepts that now drive DSSU lightyears forward. DSSU is a beautiful theory that has not wavered from Heraclitean harmony of opposites one iota in the 9 years since inception and having drawn from this as if from a deep and constant well, as you say so eloquently: "a harmony of opposite perpetual processes", and one that "sustains the perpetual dance of existence". What could be more beautiful than this? I have been held captive by this latest paper and must comment on the whole of it before I can possibly go on working.

 As a whole, this is your most profound paper and one of the best written. Your organization and prose is befitting of what you always characteristically do when you tackle DSSU theory: you focus like a laser with a tenacity I greatly admire. Your papers are always admirably written, embrace history, meticulously researched, with fine illustrations that have taken me by surprise. You objectively back-up everything you believe in and are keenly aware you stand on the shoulders of great men who struggled in their time to reveal the reality and physics of existence. I'm so fortunate to have you as a friend and for having shared with me so many of your papers before they were published and this one "Fundamental Process of Energy" encapsulates the feeling I had as I read this paper; that I, too, was a participant sharing the excitement of discovery along with you. Thank you and congratulations!

 I hope you will soon share this fine paper with other media venues when you believe it to be ready —come what may— because you've advanced DSSU theory significantly due to the very broad reach of what you've written. Perhaps it's nearing a propitious time to roll this out to a Scientific American or Discover or (?). I'm sure you will publish a book open to the critique of all interested parties and the general cosmology community at the right time. I understand the need for good timing, historical reference, caution, structure, and peer reviewed papers and the like, but some risk taking, now and then, may be in order. Of course, you will know when the time comes.

What you have to say about the aether helped me understand the “essence” in a most startling way. I followed the insightful thoughts of Oerter and Larmor and it was a lamp in my head that went off reading again with greater comprehension Einstein's quote: he nailed it with the Leyden event in 1920. Remarkable! The aether if thought of as an imponderable granular quintessential ubiquitous space medium some 10 to the minus 48th power takes me beyond disbelief and I'm straining at the bit to visualize this very strange nonmaterial fluctuator medium that is so far, far, below Planck scale. If this was not enough —later in your paper it was revealing to understand it is a medium that vanishes from the universe in the face of mass and energy at all cosmological scales from sub-atomic to the DSSU cosmic-cellular reality! The idea that this essence is devoid of "energy" is astonishing since it provides a very strange vacuum essence medium space-filling presence whereupon photonic mass energies at all EM scales absolutely absorbs the aether medium through which it propagated! This would be like vacuuming a room with the power of electricity and mechanics and instantaneously watching the room disappear from the universe absolutely and forever annihilated from existence! While the vacuum cleaner remains! Yes, an essence immediately transferring its non-materiality to energetic fundamental particles, photons, "confined photons" as mass that simultaneously goes forward merrily to build atoms, people, planets, stars and galactic clusters. But without this Lambda essence, this component of gravitation, the DSSU universe would be just a hallucinatory dream in the (mind) of wavelet fluctuators. How one goes about visualizing this fantastic process is an engaging challenge which you and a few brave souls have discovered. This paper is a very readable account of this. I will try a few visualizations I’ve thought through because the challenge is too great a test to leave this undone. The corollary may be likened to quantum entanglement but even quantum mechanics pales in the face of your presentation! Rachael Armstrong recently said: "Let matter live". I second this because "life", "mind" and "consciousness" are too extraordinary to ignore and I will engage you on these matters later.

I won't labor your wonderful passages about the "photon" which I just loved! I agree with you that the fundamental particles, including the electron, muon, tau, neutrinos, quarks, and the true forces of nature, etc., may all be constructs (topologies, spins, chirality, complex fields) of the mysterious, yet to be described, photon. I loved your visuals and your splendid discussions of this on page 4 and 5. It's a very powerful thought concept and makes scientific sense to me and all I've read and kept up with. Your sections on Energy of Mass, EM, Electric & Gravitation Fields, Nature of Aether, Energy of Lambda, Zone of Cosmic Tension (by the way, a fine illustration) and more —much more— all brilliantly and clearly presented and beautifully written. Again, the best paper ever because you touched on physics you’ve clearly helped to make meaningful for me and I trust the scientific community will one day come to appreciate.

 Thanks for providing the DSSU Glossary at the end; very helpful to have concise definitions. Will you produce this paper for peer review anytime soon, since you may still wish to bring the clarity of other equations to bear on what you presented. I for one like the paper as it is. It is powerful and quite comprehensive. You covered a ton of ground and could likely break this paper into several others since it is so potent and full of new ideas. The beauty of this paper is the wide breadth of its physics outreach which in sum represents an organic whole —a tour de force ...

 Again, thank you for having sent the advance copy...I learned a great deal and I come away more convinced than ever the DSSU theory will win the day and I hope soon.

Thank you, again, and congratulations,

–Roger F.  (California) 2012 May 19


3.  A Strange Situation

Here again we have a situation where defending the orthodoxy and status quo are more important than solving scientific problems. New ideas —no matter how compelling— are not welcome. Far too often there is outright opposition. ... A dissident physicist, Bruce Harvey, is reported to have stated (in 2002): “To say that the established scientific world is prejudiced against new ideas is an understatement. It is paranoid about them.”

Now, you would think that a journal; specializing in the subject of entropy and naming itself “Entropy” would be interested in something called “The Fundamental Process of Energy” and described as a remarkably self-consistent theory. But you would be wrong.

The named article was rejected —deemed not suitable for the 2013 special issue of Entropy journal: “Modified Gravity: From Black Holes Entropy to Current Cosmology.” That is strange. Is it to be supposed that the subject of energy was outside its scope!? In a subsequent submission the paper was rejected by a related journal entitled “Energies.” The managing editor, Astor Zhao, concluded “that the topic covered in your paper does not fall into the scope of Energies either” and suggested “submitting it to another more suitable journal.”

Amazing it is to witness what happens to people when they lose touch with reality. Either this editor is unaware that the subject of the manuscript and the subject of the journal (Energies) is the same —all about fundamental aspects of energy— OR the editor is unwilling to give an honest reason for the rejection. … Keep in mind, here, that my submission was not a shot-in-the-dark; rather it was by personal invitation.

The next publication attempt involved what turned out to be another defender of orthodoxy. The International Journal of Modern Physics D (IJMPD), published by World Scientific, promotes itself as covering the topics of “Gravitation, Astrophysics, and Cosmology.” Perfect. So I thought. The submitted Article critically relates to all three topics. A decision came a few days later, sent by some unknown individual:

Dear Dr. Ranzan,
We have considered your manuscript "The Fundamental Process of Energy –A qualitative unification of energy, mass, and gravity" and conclude that it is not suited for International Journal of Modern Physics D

Thanks for your submission to the journal.
Yours sincerely,
International Journal of Modern Physics D

What is most annoying is that the rejection comes after you go through the time-consuming task of formatting and typesetting your article to the particular journal’s in-house standard —all for the copyeditor’s convenience but a complete waste if the article is not accepted.

 This is a strange situation. The research article focuses on the truly fundamental aspects of energy. It has been examined several times with no errors found or reported, with no violation of physical laws, yet three major journals (publications claiming relevancy to this branch of physics) have rejected this paper. Some editors do not even sign their names to the rejection notice! What is the scientific establishment afraid of?! ... Strange indeed.

–CR (2015-8


4.  Response from a philosophical brother

Subject: Your Article in Infinite Energy

From: []   To:

Let me say at the outset that I view you as a philosophical brother.  I strongly agree with your vision of inrushing aether into a massive body as the underlying process behind the phenomenon of gravitation.  And your emphasis on flow rate of change as the key factor, not flow velocity, is of great interest to me.  I worked on this problem many years ago and (finally) arrived at the same realization.  You are certainly on the right track when you point out that any gravitational body swims in an aetheric sea made up of the superimposed aether flows related to all other near (and distant) massive bodies.  Each of these flow rates has its own rate of change, quite unrelated to its velocity.  And ultimately it is the vector sum of all these rates of change that determines the direction and strength of the local gravity experienced by the body in question.

Would you agree with the following?  The limitless aetheric sea is in motion everywhere; nowhere is it entirely still —not even in deep space.  At every point it has a velocity vector.  At every point it has an acceleration vector (dv/dt) which is not necessarily in the same direction as the velocity vector.  AND, most crucially, at every point it has a velocity gradient (dv/dx).  The velocity gradient is a physical characteristic of a point in space.  And, again, the velocity gradient is not necessarily in the same direction as the velocity vector, nor is it proportional to the scalar value of the velocity vector.  The vector sum of all velocity gradients impinging on any given point establishes the gravity at that point.

I think this is consistent with the concluding paragraphs of your article.  To see my thinking that lead to the same conclusion, go to

   Jerry Shifman (2014-01-24)

My Reply:

Dear Jerry Shifman: Thank you for your interest in my work.

The Infinite Energy magazine article focuses on a unified concept of energy. Since your main area of interest is a gravity theory, I would suggest you read the following Paper detailing the DSSU gravity theory based on aether:

The Processes of Gravitation –The Cause and Mechanism of Gravitation, Journal of Modern Physics and Applications, Vol.2014:3 (2014)

I have read your posted essays. Your basic premise of defining mass as an aether sink is absolutely correct. Your analysis of the gravity mechanism, as in your email, is exactly right. Yes I would agree, “The limitless aetheric sea is in motion everywhere; nowhere is it entirely still.” But there is more. I do believe you will be amazed at the orderly patterns that those motions exhibit.

Here is an interesting perspective on the difference between your approach and mine: You attacked the problem from the bottom up, solved the gravity-mechanism mystery, gained the key to the mainspring of the cosmos, but then struggled to extend the success into a broader theory —a theory of the universe. On the other hand, I approached the problem from the top down, first solved the big problems so to speak, then tested the theory on practically every acknowledged mystery in astronomy, physics, and philosophy. (Since the theory’s inception in 2001, it has never failed.) Gravity was among them, and turned out to involve a three-part extension (or application) of the core DSSU theory.

You are so right about the Hundred Year Detour that you discuss on your website. … I think there is much to be unlearned and unsound theories to be discarded. Meanwhile, the education system has been subverted, during those same hundred years, into an amazingly effective indoctrination system.

All the best in your research.

Warm Regards,                Conrad (2014-01-29)


5.  Change of View Regarding Neutrino

The conventional view is that the neutrino, like other leptons, is totally immune to the strong force. It has no charge and no mass, so it can't do very much —except propagate at the speed of light. As physicist Leonard Susskind points out (in his book The Cosmic Landscape, p57), “It doesn’t bind itself to other particles to form more complex objects. It hardly does anything. In fact the neutrino is such a loner that it will pass through light-years of lead without ever getting deflected.” In view of this almost complete undetectability, and the fact that the make-up of the neutrino is still considered a mystery, one may be tempted to conclude that neutrinos are elusive to the point of being practically non-existent.

Under DSSU theory, the nature of the neutrino and its status as an independent particle had been non-committal and somewhat ambiguous; and that was how things stood up until the early part of 2015. I am pleased to report that the mystery of the neutrino has now been resolved.

In the article, abstracted and linked above, I had surmised (in Section 3): "The several types of neutrinos in the Standard Model are either photon-like particles or they are non-entities. The ostensible participation of neutrinos in particle interaction may simply represent a localized, momentary, interaction with the aether —and not some entities with independent existence."  But with the new change-of-view perception, a clearer picture emerges.

The revised view is that the neutrino is a particle fully consistent with the DSSU particle model —a model based on a single fundamental particle, a model based on all subatomic particles being mass particles of single or multiple confined photons, and all energy particles being fully-free or partially-free photons. It is now understood how the neutrino manages to be magnetically and electrically neutral —while still acting as a carrier of energy. We now have an unambiguous explanation of why the neutrino is never deflected and rarely interacts.

Coming across this gem was truly delightful. ... All I will say at the moment is that the neutrino fits the model beautifully.  The amazing details will be presented in a future article.

For the followers of DSSU cosmology, cognizance of the micro- and cosmic- worlds continues to expand.

–CR (2015-8)



“Artists, take heed: … art that portrays the new universe realistically could be the most subversive art in history.”
Joel R. Primack, The View From the Center of the Universe



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