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(Most recent at top of column)

(2024 July 12): Press Release: Remarkable convergence of gravity theory and empirical evidence has revealed the cosmic-scale geometry of the Universe.
The DSSU research article "Natural Cosmic-Scale Geometry of Our Universe" has now been published. Links are posted here. □

Meanwhile, the war on civilization escalates:
● See the reports at Big Sky Free Press –Beyond the Headlines (
● Assassination attempt on President Donald Trump (

(2024 June 21): After some now-familiar rounds of fake reviews and rejections, the latest DSSU research article —entitled Natural Cosmic-Scale Geometry of Our Universe— has been accepted for publication. It is an outstanding work, outstanding in the sense that the underlying theory agrees wonderfully with the empirical evidence —the abundant and incontrovertible astronomical observations. This is science of the highest standard. And yet, one reviewer flatly asserted, “It is completely unscientific,” and recommended rejecting the article (prompting the editor of the Journal of High Energy Physics, Gravitation and Cosmology to decline its publication). What!? Thirty-eight supporting references is not science!? And what about the text and diagrammatic content being as clear as a cloudless day? … Yes, that journal, and two others, recognized a serious threat to their sacred Worldview. □

Meanwhile the decline of civilization and the loss of freedom continues.
   There is an ongoing reinstitution of the ancient practice of slavery. "During this revival of servitude and oppression, the systems of enslavement have been greatly upgraded and enhanced, for the purpose of effectively enslaving the entire human race."
   "One of the true motivations behind the DNA altering vaccines, that are being imposed on all of humanity, is to genetically engineer mankind with a view to create a new model of human that will perfectly obey their modern masters."
–Dr. Reiner Fuellmich, Corona Investigative Committee, Grand Jury Summary ( )

(2024 March 8): The Cosmic Geometry paper is currently being peer-reviewed.

Meanwhile:The disintegration of Western civilization is proceeding so rapidly that I cannot keep up with it even as a full time job. … It is happening right in front of our eyes.” –

(2024 February): New research paper, focusing on the large-scale geometry of the Cosmos, is currently being readied for publication. It details the arrangement of gravity cells and how the rhombic dodecahedron is embedded within a superoctahedron.

Meanwhile: Reflect on the mega-crime of the last century —Dresden Hellstorm (February 13-15, 1945). It is appalling to think its perpetrators were actually hailed as war heroes!
The Blood of Dresden by Kurt Vonnegut
Dresden 1945: The Devil’s Tinderbox by Charles Lutton

(2023 October): The Gerhard Herzberg Award, 2023: Canada's most prestigious prize for science and engineering went to Yoshua Bengio, a scientist who helped make the AI revolution possible. As the scientific director of the Montreal Institute for Learning Algorithms and professor at the University of Montreal, he is both excited and cautious about the future of the technology he helped create. Congratulations.

(2023 October 12): George Orwell Free Speech Award, 2023: Congratulations to Jurgen Neumann who was presented with the award “For outstanding courage in challenging censorship and defending freedom in pursuit of the truth and for outstanding talent as a freedom communicator & videographer …”

(2023 September): Newly posted: Question regarding The Fermi Paradox. Where are other advanced civilizations?

Meanwhile, history continues to repeat itself and teach essential lessons:
“As is becoming increasingly more obvious, even to historical novices, mainstream academia, mass media and what passes for journalism these days is agenda driven, not truth driven. Certain narratives and ideas that advance particular agendas are elevated and promoted, while dissenting or alternative perspectives and viewpoints are hysterically dismissed or censored.” –The Barnes Review Vol.29, No.5 (Sept/Oct 2023, p69)

(2023 August): Important UPDATE to the so-call discovery/detection of gravity waves (the ones predicted by Einstein’s geometric gravity theory). Turns out no gravity waves were detected! Just as I had suspected and reported years ago. … What the LIGO and VIRGO teams actually found was a match-up between measured signal noise and preprogrammed idealized wave patterns (i.e., computer stored preexisting general-relativity gravity waves). It was simply the result of a computerized search to obtain a very approximate and partial fit between measured signal and simulated “chirps.” …What was presented to the ever-credulous public was not the actual recorded waves, but rather the pre-stored-in-computer-memory idealized wave patterns! Such are the findings of a collaboration of four researchers. [Abstract & link to full article in the International Astronomy and Astrophysics Research Journal]

Meanwhile, the collapse continues:
“The United States is falling apart in real time.” –The Barnes Review (July/Aug 2023, p30)

Suppressed is the essence of the spirit needed to resist the accompanying enslavement: “That traditional suspicion and disdain of an overreaching centralized government; that ambitious, fearless, risk-taking outlook; that love of individual liberty and personal freedom; that hardworking, productive, can-do attitude —these and similar characteristics are the essence of the true American spirit.” –The Barnes Review (July/Aug 2023, p22)

(2023 July 28): Author’s Curriculum Vitae has been updated to include the discovery of meta-thermodynamics processes.

(2023 July 21): The revolution in cosmology continues. The first documentation of Nature’s entropy-lowering mechanism —involving a structure encompassing two separate and independent processes— has been published. The latest DSSU article presents a discussion of how cosmic-scale entropy neutrality is maintained —how two processes prevent the Universe from ever running down. Press Release.
Meanwhile: The Great Enslavement continues. The ongoing implementation measures and events —including real and imagined crises— are too numerous for the average person to keep track of, let alone deal with. Sometimes too covert to recognize. Oftentimes seemingly benevolent, like the pending implementation of digital currency. And always propagandized.

(2023 July 1): The report on Nature’s Entropy-Lowering Processes has been accepted for publication. Five of five journal-appointed Reviewers deemed the research article to be "scientifically correct." ... Details to follow.

(2023 March 24 ... April 15): Latest research paper Nature’s Entropy-Lowering Processes is currently under review.

Meanwhile: Tyranny in Canada! The persecution of Pastor Artur Pawlowski. Listen to the incredible first-hand account: Just Right Program #802 (2023-3-16)

(2023 February): DSSU research article currently being prepared deals with entropy ... with a focus on Nature's remarkable entropy-lowering mechanism.

(2023 January 16): Who would believe it! An American official holiday for communism and its foremost promoter. Clearly the lessons of history have been ignored … all the while the repression, and enslavement, continues.

(2023 January):  DSSU Cosmology is now into its 22nd year on the Internet —the revolution continues.

ANNOUNCEMENTS & comments from earlier years are available HERE.

(2022 December 28): Now PUBLISHED !

“Laws of Physics Twentieth-Century Scientists Overlooked”

Available on
and on

The Nature of Gravitational Collapse

Subtitle: How the photon, the particle of light, is responsible for mass, gravity, superneutron stars, and supermassive black holes

—Reveals the truth about stellar and supermassive black holes.

This work contains 311+ pages, 67 illustrations, references, and index. …
Second printing details (2017 November)
First printing details (Lambert Academic Publishing, 2017 July)

Guide to the Construction of the Natural Universe

Participate in a unique exploration of the Cosmos: venture into the sub-atomic realm, even into the sub-quantum realm where the roots of reality reside, and into the domain of cosmic-scale cell-structure and beyond to infinity. Along the way, discover the cause of mass, the cause of gravitation, and rediscover Einstein’s “nonponderable” aether and Heraclitus’ harmony-of-opposites principle. … The book represents the ultimate vindication for all the skeptics who resisted the "preposterous" Big Bang mythology and who refused to join the exploding-cosmos religion.
The book contains 317 pages, 61 illustrations, references, and index …
Available from C-FAR Books.
Or use this mail-in Order Form.
(Also available at  Niagara Falls Public Library)


Mass-to-Energy Conversion, the Astrophysical Mechanism –Published in Journal of High Energy Physics, Gravitation and Cosmology, Vol.5, No.2 (2019). HTML version.

Nature’s Supreme Mechanism for Energy Extraction from Nonmaterial Aether –Published in Infinite Energy Magazine Vol.24, Issue#144 (2019 March/April)

The Nature of Gravity –How One Factor Unifies Gravity’s Convergent, Divergent, Vortex, and Wave Effects –Published in the International Journal of Astrophysics and Space ScienceVol.6, No.5, 2018.
Natural Mechanism for the Generation and Emission of Extreme Energy Particles –Published in Physics Essays Vol.31, No.3, p358 (2018). (Reprint)
Sachs-Wolfe Effect Disproof –Published in the International Journal of Astrophysics and Space Science, Vol.6, No.1, 2018. ( Abstract & Links.)

"The Nature of Gravitational Collapse"
–Published in American Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics. ( Abstract and Links.)
(Note, there is a typo in AJA&A posted version in the Fig-10 caption. It should read: … acceleration is proportional to 1/r2.)

Glossary of Terms used in Cosmology and Astrophysics with particular emphasis on DSSU theory.
(Opens in separate Window or Tab)


Mysteries & Paradoxes that Plague Standard Cosmology  (Updated 2015-7)

Cosmology Crisis of 1998 (Revised 2015-5)

Critique of Conventional Cosmology ... comments relating to the 'preposterous' expanding-universe paradigm.
Bafflement —the remarkable admission of a physicist.
The Cosmology Debate That Never Happened   —During the 20th century there was a decades-long debate: The cataclysmic expanding universe VS the stable expanding universe. But there has never been a debate of the dynamic expanding universe VS the dynamic non-expanding universe. (Posted 2011 Oct)

Models of the Universe —Historical, Expanding, and Cellular universes. INCLUDES USEFUL TABLES FOR COMPARING THEORIES.

The Universe Is Infinite (Part 1) —overcoming a "central" problem of cosmology theories.

The Universe Is Infinite (Part 2) —an explanation of how the universe can always have existed and will always exist.

DSSU, The Non-Expanding Universe: Structure, Redshift, Distance —A long sought-after goal of astrophysicists has been a formulation of cosmic distance that is independent of the speed of light. The goal has now been achieved. The present Paper details the surprisingly simple distance expression and its validating agreement with Supernova data.

Why Copernicus Did Not Need a Force of Gravity —Explores the question of why no one, except Newton, invoked a force. (Re-Posted February, 2014)

Gravity and Lambda —A Story of Opposites (.htm) —A story of opposites in harmony. Key differences between the Conventional Cosmology and the New Cosmology are presented.

Dynamic Cosmic Cell —The Structural Component of the DSSU —Animated image and discussion of the self-sustaining, self-balancing system.

Why Einstein Did Not Receive the Nobel Prize for His Theory of Relativity —“By 1922 Einstein had been nominated about fifty times —most were for his relativity theories.”

Questions & Answers & Comments


(2016 June) FREE DOWNLOAD details:
DSSU Validated by Redshift Theory and Structural Evidence
, Physics Essays, Vol.28, No.4, p455-473 (2015 Dec) —Delivers the coup de grâce to the Big Bang. Abstract & Links.
Both Reviewers enthusiastically endorsed this "well-written and incisive article."

The Dynamic Steady State Universe.
This work brings together the main pieces of the cosmic puzzle in a step-by-step construction of the Natural Universe. Published in Physics Essays Vol.27 No.2 (2014 June issue) (PDF download)  "... the arguments are well-made. The article is competent, enjoyable and readable." —Reviewer for Physics Essays Journal

Olbers’ Paradox Resolved for the Infinite Non-Expanding Universe
, American Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics Vol.4, No.1, (2016 January). Abstract & links. Reprint PDF.
● “The man accredited with discovering universe expansion did not believe that the universe was expanding. Hubble was convinced that the key evidence, the cosmic redshift, was caused by some other factor, something more fundamental than mere expansion.”
● “With the recent discovery of a new cosmic-redshift mechanism, and its theoretical validation, it turns out that Hubble was right.”
● Explains how “an infinite, non-expanding, perpetually regenerating universe" is able to predict a dark night sky.

Cosmic Redshift in the Nonexpanding Cellular Universe  ( Journal links ) —details the actual causal mechanism. Published in the American Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics, Vol.2, No.5 (2014) Abstract.
Local copy with quality images: (Reprint pdf).
• Entirely new concept for cosmic redshift mechanism;
• Retains the foundation premise of all modern cosmology;
• But does not require whole-universe expansion;
• A redshift based on the DSSU theory of unified gravity & cosmic cellular structure;
• Remarkable agreement with independently established redshift distances.

The Cosmology Debate That Never Happened
What historians call "the greatest cosmological debate in history” was between TWO  expanding universes —two hypothetical models that share the same, I repeat, the same foundational property! If one is to claim some great clash of ideas (let alone the "greatest") then surely there must exist some deep dividing difference! (Posted 2011-10)

The Case for a Cellular Universe
—the Story of a Baffling Omission in Modern Cosmology    (Rev2014)

Large-Scale Structure of the Dynamic Steady State Universe published in the American Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol.4, No.6, 2016, pp.65-77. Astract and Links.
■ Presents the first 2 of the 4 main postulates that define the DSSU.
■ Space-medium expansion and contraction are perpetually held in balance, thus ensuring a non-expanding universe.
■ Explains how the two dynamic processes of the DSSU’s space medium sustain the cellular structure responsible for the pattern of matter distribution in our Universe.

Galaxy Morphology:

Ellipticity, Its Origin & Progression in Comoving Galaxies,  American Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics, AJAA, Vol.3, No.2, 2015.
Journal  Abstract and Links.
Local  high-resolution PDF.
HTML version available from AJAA here.
• Provides the first-ever natural explanation for the cause of the elliptical shape of nonrotating galaxies
• Retains the foundation premise of all modern cosmology but rejects the absurd concept of whole-universe expansion
• Takes full advantage of the universe’s cosmic cellular structure and exploits the DSSU theory of unified gravity domains
• Amazingly, the mechanism that stretches galaxies turns out to be the very same mechanism that causes the cosmic spectral redshift!

Cosmic-Redshift Distance Law Without c Without H Comments & Links Simplifying the redshift-distance formula by removing the speed-of-light constant and the Hubble parameter —while maintaining agreement with observational evidence.


Cosmic Core website: Lavishly illustrated. Includes many articles discussing DSSU theory and cosmology.

New Illuminati
–The DSSU is The New Cosmology

New Illuminati –Hidden Substrate of Reality

Big Bang Never Happened –Home & Summary

Just Right program #623
Canadian broadcaster Robert Metz focuses on cosmology. This is a superb show in which he exposes the absurdity of the Big Bang hypothesis, delves into some key aspects of the DSSU, and praises the veracity of the modern steady-state perspective.
Originally aired 2019-9-19.


DSSU Theory:

DSSU Validated by Redshift Theory and Structural Evidence, Physics Essays, Vol.28, No.4, p455-473 (2015 Dec) —Delivers the coup de grâce to the Big Bang. Abstract & Links.
Both Reviewers enthusiastically endorsed this "well-written and incisive article."

A historical tour of universes culminating with the Natural Universe —This essay gives a thematic tour of historical and modern universes. ... While the Universe is endlessly speaking, forever sending signals; philosophers and scientists listen and interpret.

Currently undergoing revision and updating: Theoretical Foundation and Pillars of the Dynamic Steady State Universe —The first complete presentation of all four postulates of DSSU theory. A powerful paper that resolves the cause-of-causes paradox, explains the non-independent nature of time, and reveals the 'supreme advantage'. It includes a concise comparison with standard cosmology focusing on real-world viability.

The Fundamental Process of Energy —A Qualitative Unification of Energy, Mass, and Gravity. (Abstract & Reviews & Links) … This article reveals the secret behind photon confinement. (Contains only a bare minimum of mathematics and mainly in one of the 14 sections.)
PART 1 published in Infinite Energy Magazine Issue #113 (Jan/Feb 2014)
PART 2 published in Infinite Energy Magazine    Issue #114 (Mar/Apr 2014)

Headlined as:
A "Conceptual Unification of Energy, Mass and Gravity"

Dynamic Cosmic Cell —The Structural Component of the DSSU —Animated image and discussion of the self-sustaining, self-balancing system.

Unified Gravitation Cells of the DSSU —Constructing the Universe with Cosmic Gravity Cells

Aether Flow Equations and Expansion-Contraction Rates (pdf) —This paper explores the mathematical aspects of the two space-medium postulates of DSSU theory —and uncovers some profound consequences.


Documentary movie footage in which Einstein states, "There exists an aether"
High resolution .mpg video.
Low resolution .wmv video.

The Aether Experiments and the Impact on Cosmology —Aether was detected first in 1887 and then several more times during the 20th century. Its 21st–century "rediscovery" (in 2001) led to the long-sought causal mechanism of gravity —a discovery which has revolutionizing cosmology.

Michelson-Morley and the Story of the Aether Theory —Richard Milton's analysis of the historical details involving the misrepresentation, bias, and cover-up that hampered the Aether theory.

The History of the Aether Theory —The historic development of the aether as a scientific theory of the universal space medium. What started as the "fifth element" of Antiquity becomes molded by theoretical constraints and experimental evidence into the dual-dynamic sub-quantum medium —the Essence of the Universe. (Updated 2019-12)

Relativity of Time in the Aether-Space of the DSSU —How intrinsic time and relative time are related.

DSSU Relativity –The Lorentz Transformations Applied to Aether-Space —Ranzan
Reprinted by permission of Physics Essays Publication, Physics  Essays Vol.23, No.3, p520. (2010). ABSTRACT

Physical Nature of Length Contraction —the DSSU Theory of Length Contraction Induced by Absolute Motion.
An easy to follow examination of how the mode by which matter is “conducted” through luminiferous aether causes the matter to contract. A simple derivation of the mathematical expression for this physical phenomenon is presented. There is also a brief discussion of relevant historical aspects and of nonphysical length contraction.
Reviewer's comments: “This is amazing …”  “The paper is interesting …” –Applied Physics Research reviewer. Published in Applied Physics Research journal Vol.5, No.1 (2013 Feb).

Contradiction Divides Two Aether Theories —An exploration into the three parts of the speed-of-light postulate.
Reprinted by permission of PEP, from  Physics Essays Journal (Vol 24, No.3, Sept, 2011) ... ABSTRACT

Basic-level mathematical and graphical exploration of dynamic aether flow: PDF

Here is an external webpage with an extensive list of research papers on the aether-drift experiments, and the larger question of energy in space.


Sachs-Wolfe Effect Disproof (published in in the International Journal of Astrophysics and Space Science Vol.6, No.1, 2018.)
Abstract & links.

DSSU Cosmic Redshift-Distance Relation (htm) —Converting the cosmic redshift into distance for our Cellular Universe using a simple and elegant equation.

Large Scale Structure of the Dynamic Steady State Universe (pdf)   How a dual-dynamic space medium sustains the cellular structure (published in AJAA in 2016).
  —Presents the postulates and implications of regional space-medium expansion and contraction.

Cosmic-Scale Structural Features Explained (pdf) (Chapter 2 of original DSSU Manuscript)
—The Spacing of Clusters
—Sheets of Galaxies
—Right-angled Walls of Galaxies.

The Cosmic Background Radiation in the DSSU —The natural explanation of the microwave background radiation applicable to the natural Cellular Universe.

Ellipticity, Its Origin & Progression in Comoving GalaxiesAmerican Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics, AJAA, Vol.3, No.2, 2015.
Journal  Abstract and Links
Local  high-resolution PDF.
HTML version available from AJAA here.
• Provides the first-ever natural explanation for the cause of the elliptical shape of nonrotating galaxies
• Retains the foundation premise of all modern cosmology but rejects the absurd concept of whole-universe expansion
• Takes full advantage of the universe’s cosmic cellular structure and exploits the DSSU theory of unified gravity domains
• Amazingly, the mechanism that stretches galaxies turns out to be the very same mechanism that causes the cosmic spectral redshift!


The Nature of Gravity –How One Factor Unifies Gravity’s Convergent, Divergent, Vortex, and Wave Effects –Published in International Journal of Astrophysics and Space Science (IJASS), Vol.6, No.5, 2018, pp.73-92. (Abstract and Links.) "Revolutionary"

The Nature of Gravitational Collapse
–Published in American Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics Vol.4, No.2, 2016, pp.15-33. (Abstract and Links.)
(Note, there is a typo in AJA&A posted version in the Fig-10 caption. It should read: … acceleration is proportional to 1/r2.)

Gravity and Dark Energy (How they Shape the Universe) –An Introduction. Provides a preamble and overview for a couple of earlier DSSU articles.

The Processes of Gravitation –The Cause and Mechanism of Gravitation by C. Ranzan –A revolutionary paper on gravity published in J. Mod. Phys. Appl. Vol.2014:3 (2014).
(Abstract & Reviews & Links. Includes link to hi-resolution PDF)

Why Copernicus Did Not Need a Force of Gravity —Explores the question of why no one, except Newton, invoked a force. (Rev 2011-9)

First ever, journal-published paper featuring the DSSU:
The Story of Gravity and Lambda –How the Theory of Heraclitus Solved the Dark Matter Mystery –Ranzan
Reprinted by permission of PEP, from Physics Essays, Vol 23, No1, p75-87 (2010 Mar). ABSTRACT
This is the cure for the fallacious belief in cosmic-scale Dark Matter.

The Story of Gravity and Lambda –How the Theory of Heraclitus Solved the Dark Matter Mystery (Color version) –Ranzan Considered "an excellent contribution to the [PE journal]" --professional reviewer (2010).

Unified Gravitation Cells of the DSSU —Constructing the Universe with Cosmic Gravity Cells


Why Einstein Did Not Receive the Nobel Prize for His Theory of Relativity (●Abstract ●Links ●Excerpts ●Extras) —“By 1922 Einstein had been nominated about fifty times —most were for his relativity theories.”

Einstein’s Simple Mathematical Trick –and the Illusion of a Constant Speed of Light  (Abridged version with links to Journal-published version. Posted 2013)

Extended Relativity –Exploiting the Loopholes in Einstein's Relativity. A Logical extension of special relativity. Reprinted by permission of PEP, from Physics Essays Vol.25, No.3 (2012).
Abstract & Links & Reviews

The Three Components of the Speed-of-Light Postulate.  Published in Physics Essays journal Vol.26,No.1 (2013)
Local copy: The Three Components of the Speed-of-Light Postulate (pdf) Absolute vs relative. Variance vs invariance. Another instance of the Heraclitian "Harmony of Opposites." (Reprinted by permission of PEP, from Physics Essays, Vol.26, No.1, 2013).

Relativity of Time in the Aether Medium of the DSSU —Absolute Motion and Intrinsic Time

Resolving a Paradox in Special Relativity –Absolute Motion and the Unified Doppler Equation.
(Posted 2011, July). Reprinted by permission of PEP, from Physics  Essays Vol.23, No.4, p594 (2010). ABSTRACT

How DSSU Relativity Resolves the Speed Paradox (Introductory Discussion)   —Absolute Motion Resolves a (speed) Paradox in Einstein’s Special Relativity. (Supplementary Discussion)

DSSU Relativity –The Lorentz Transformations Applied to Aether-Space (Posted 2011). Reprinted by permission of Physics Essays Publication, Physics  Essays Vol.23, No.3, p520. (2010). ABSTRACT

The Key that Extends Einstein’s Relativity (Part 1) —Response to a reviewer critical of DSSU aether-based relativity
The Key that Extends Einstein’s Relativity (Part 2) —How to convert abstract-space equations into aether-based equations

Restoring the Physical Meaning of Energy
Published in Applied Physics Research journal Vol.5, No.2 (2013).
LOCAL COPY: Restoring the Physical Meaning of Energy —distinguishing between the apparent energy and the real energy of moving mass.

An Open Letter to the Scientific Community
(Published in New Scientist, May 22, 2004)

"The big bang today relies on a growing number of hypothetical entities, things that we have never observed-- inflation, dark matter and dark energy are the most prominent examples. Without them, there would be a fatal contradiction between the observations made by astronomers and the predictions of the big bang theory. In no other field of physics would this continual recourse to new hypothetical objects be accepted as a way of bridging the gap between theory and observation. It would, at the least, raise serious questions about the validity of the underlying theory. ..."  continues ...

A devastating Declaration of opposition to Big Bang cosmology signed by more than 400 Researchers.

Full text: or alternate site.

This website is mainly concerned with revisionism in cosmology. Those of us involved in replacing the unnatural expanding-universe paradigm are aware of the difficulties involved.
   However, other revisionists have unimaginable difficulties. Consider the ongoing persecution of revisionists in other fields of intellectual pursuit: 
"It makes you wonder —about the immense effort being made by State and State-sponsored organizations with budgets of tens of millions of dollars and thousands of employees and associates to smother and punish these few men and women. Every punishing instrument imaginable is used, every vicious slander conceivable, every flagrant and pervasive form of censorship that law allows, including the imprisonment of simple writers for thought crimes against the State. ... Makes you wonder." —Bradley R. Smith (2011)

"Discussing truth is so controversial, so dangerous … In most of the world it is simply illegal.” Gordon Duff, Senior Editor, Veterans Today (2011)

"The further a society drifts from truth the more it will hate those who speak it." –George Orwell

● Pro-Freedom RADIO: Rense Radio
● Pro-Freedom NEWS: Vanguard News
● InfoWars NEWS: InfoWars  |  AlexJones
● Freedom Force Red Pill University for truth-seekers.

DEDICATION: This website is solemnly dedicated to those individuals who have conducted research in their chosen field and have informed others of their inquiries and suffered the consequences when subpoenaed by the Inquisition or some variant thereof. The dedication extends to those individuals currently imprisoned, and those facing trial and persecution simply for exercising their basic human right of freedom of expression supposedly granted to them under the UN Charter of Human Rights.
"Every year, hundreds of writers and other literary professionals around the world are imprisoned, prosecuted, persecuted, attacked, threatened, forced into exile or even murdered as a result of their work."

ALSO: Be aware of the continuing threat to our precious freedom of expression on the Internet. The threat is serious and relentless. It is described as “… the formal effort to mimic Communist China’s system of Internet censorship.” –
More information on threats to internet freedom:

Reporter-journalist Arthur Topham, Canadian victim of the Inquisition, arrested (2012) for posting his research.
“Arthur Topham faces prison time for daring to speak his mind on his own website, as he faces criminal charges under Canada’s hate crimes legislation contained in Section 318 - 320 of the criminal code.” –Rights and Freedoms Bulletin Issue No. 204 Feb 7, 2015.
VERDICT: Arthur Topham found “guilty” AND “not guilty” of hate speech by a brain-dead jury!
 –Dr. James Sears, reporting in “The world’s Largest Anti-Marxist Publication” (Issue 2015 December, NOTE: This website has been taken down by court order pending appeal. --2020)
2016 Update: Panel Discussion on The Trial of Arthur Topham

Free-speech crusader
Bill Whatcott defies British Colombia Human Rights Tribunal efforts to impose gender language tyranny.

“I have no intention on wasting money on a lawyer for the Morgane Oger vs Bill Whatcott case, as human rights tribunals are kangaroo courts and the odds of … getting justice in these biased tribunals is next to zero.” –2017 June ( …)

End of free speech in Britain:

A publisher of history books in Britain has reported that “due to new laws in the UK all their books will have to be censored moving forward” to avoid criminal penalties for “inciting racial hatred.” –The Barnes Review (2020 March/April) p77

A hostile jury, by a hasty unanimous verdict, decided that Nationalist Leader Jez Turner deserves to be sent to jail for his critical views! Report (2018-5-15).

British Maverick Psychologist jailed for publishing his research. … “The ambivalence of librarians getting writers imprisoned quite defies comprehension.” –Simon Sheppard (2013)

The repression of free speech in Canada has degenerated to the point where …

■ Freedom advocates, such as Marc Lemire, are censured for merely expressing their reasoned opinions. Freedomsite, whose motto is “Fighting for freedom against the censorship enforcers”, documents the official persecution.
■ A tenured professor has lost his position for revealing his research and views on history. This is unprecedented. Professor Anthony J. Hall at the University of Lethbridge, Alberta, has been suspended (2016 October 5) without pay.
“… Any thinking person should recognize that there is something deeply wrong when a history professor is persecuted for saying we should be able to examine our history.” –Monika Schaefer 2017
■ A publisher/editor, for expressing his reality-based views, has been denied postal services. Dr. James Sears, publisher and editor of Your Ward News was stripped of Canada Post Mail Service by government order (2016 June).
■ A violin teacher and truth revealer, Monika Schaefer, for posting a video (an apology to her dead mother), has been attacked by various so-called community leaders.

The treatment of violinist Monika Schaefer signals the end of our free and democratic society.” –The American Herald Tribune, 2016 Sept

American Speaker Arrested in Canada for the textual material on his iPad
—2017 June 24
While the invasion continues, the “guardians” of the nation are busy suppressing the freedom of expression: going after deemed violations in what people think and write and say.

Canada Claims Authority to Censor Your Internet Searches –Reason magazine

The Persecution of Dr James Sears

■ The "justice" system is being used to suppress opinions: In a legal battle (2018) for freedom of speech in Canada ... the prosecution and silencing of Dr James Sears expected to cost taxpayers $20 million!

“I estimate the Board of Review, police investigating and Crown prosecuting us on criminal matters, will cost the taxpayers over $20 million, assuming no appeals past 2018 (murderers & rapists will walk free as huge blocks of court time bump their cases, causing them to be thrown out).”
–Dr James Sears, Your Ward News, Fall, 2018, p17

Updates are posted at .
Update for 2019 April 8:  Why the ruling against Your Ward News hurts free speech in Canada
Updates for 2019 Aug: LINK to Several postings.
Update for 2020: Sentenced to one year in jail for revealing the truth.
Update for 2021 July: Political Prisoner James Sears.

(2021 November 18): The Canadian Association for Free Expression Honours Dr James Sears with the 2021 George Orwell Free Speech Award
● Editor of (anti-Marxist) Your Ward News
● Brilliant satirist, researcher, writer, free speech warrior & dedicated anti-masker
● Recently (Oct 1) released political prisoner

(2022 February): Dr James Sears, Editor of Your Ward News and winner of the 2021 George Orwell Free Speech award, was arrested at GUNPOINT (Feb 3) by three police while leaving his regular appointment with his parole officer. Sears is now back in prison. Protests continue.

The Continuing Struggle for Freedom

A ray of hope in the ongoing struggle for freedom. Populist and nationalist movements around the world are gaining ascendancy over the New World Order’s effort to establish global governance and impose tyrannical control over every last square meter of the Earth’s surface. –The Barnes Review Vol.23 No.1 (2017 Jan p70)

"This Is Very Serious" –S. Molyneux, 2018-7
(7-minute video on the importance of freedom of speech)

The ongoing fight for freedom and truth. –Just Right Media (2020, Sept 18, program)

In repressive Germany:

Ursula Haverbeck, 89, Sentenced to 14 Months in Jail for Heresy! –2017 November
This amazing 89-year-old woman continues advocating under the dictum: "Only the truth will set you free”.
Mrs. Haverbeck, along with her late husband, founded the education facility Collegium Humanum in 1963, but which was banned by the Marxist thought police in 2008.

Update (2018-5-16): Ursula Haverbeck will celebrate her 90th birthday in a German prison cell. The sprightly grandmother is now serving a two-year prison term without parole merely for stating a sincerely held opinion that is supported by acclaimed academics worldwide!!
“Frau Haverbeck is now sentenced to two years in prison, merely for her peaceful historical research” –The Barnes Review Vol.24, No.5 (Sept/Oct 2018) p71

UPDATE (2019-11): On November 9th (2019), the very day of Ursula Haverbeck’s 91st. birthday, hundreds of German nationalists, patriots and friends, well-wishers and admirers rallied in her support. Report on the Rally to Celebrate Political Prisoner Ursula Haverbeck.

Update (2020-12): This 92-year-old peaceful woman has just been released from jail, having spent 2&1/2 years behind bars, and less than 2 weeks later was in court in Berlin for more charges ...  was again sentenced to prison!!!

INFO on Monika Schaefer's case:
For expressing her opinion on historical events, Canadian citizen Monika Schaefer has been arrested and imprisoned (2018-1-3) in Germany. She had committed no crime. Author Mike Walsh warns potential visitors to Germany to stay away from this dangerous police state. –Merkel Madness Grips Germany, (2018-1-7)
... Found guilty and sentenced to 10 months of imprisonment (time served); her brother Alfred was sentenced to 38 months!! –(2018 November)
UPDATE (2019 August 10): Corruption of justice in Germany continues. Alfred Schaefer Receives 18 Months Additional Prison Time for Defending Himself!  Punished for simply presenting evidence for his own defense in court!

The 2022 George Orwell Free Speech Award was presented to Alfred and Monika Schaefer, July 30, 2022 in Vancouver.
A Response & Appreciation of the Awards to Monika & Alfred Schaefer, by Timothy Cuish of the Daily Rake.

For more on Freedom (and Objectivism),
Freedomain Radio (
presented by Stefan Molyneux.

 Just Right Media (

... about the author ...

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Extended Relativity –Exploiting the Loopholes in Einstein’s Relativity
• Abstract  • Links  • Reviews  • Discussion

A Logical Extension of Special Relativity

Conrad Ranzan



1. Abstract & Links
2. Reviews
3. Review with Author's Response
4. Supplementary Discussion

5. Summary Table

    "What historians of science will find is that Einstein essentially arrived at a valid formalism from a wrong assumption.
    Einstein wrongly believed that you cannot postulate the existence of a preferred frame-of-reference and at the same time postulate a constant speed of light for all observers." –CR


1.  Abstract & Links

Abstract:   Several loopholes in the logic structure of Einstein’s special relativity (ESR) are detailed. The exploitation of the loopholes leads to what is being called Extended relativity (also referred to as DSSU* Extended relativity). The Extended Lorentz transformations are presented; as well as the Extended relativity equations for time, length, momentum, mass, and kinetic energy. The optical interferometer experiments of Michelson & Morley and of Miller are analyzed and discussed. The significance of the difference between the vacuum-mode and gas-mode interferometer experiments is emphasized. While one experiment mode is consistent with a key hypothesis of Einstein; the other mode exposes a serious flaw. The repeated discovery of light-speed anisotropy, also referred to as the detection of absolute motion, exposes the inadequacy and incompleteness of the Einstein postulates. Essentially, the present Paper charts a course by which relativity theory can be made more inclusive and conform to the existence and detectability of ‘absolute’ motion.

* DSSU is the acronym for Dynamic Steady State Universe. It is a model based on the premise that all things are processes.

Keywords: Special relativity; DSSU extended relativity; relative motion; absolute motion; preferred frame; aether space; Lorentz transformation; lightspeed anisotropy; Dynamic Steady State Universe.

Extrait:  Deux échappatoires dans la structure logique de la relativité spéciale d'Einstein (ESR) sont détaillées.  L'exploitation des échappatoires mène à ce qui s'appelle la relativité Prolongée (également désignée sous le nom de la relativité-prolongée de DSSU*).  Les transformations prolongées de Lorentz sont présentées; aussi bien que les équations de la relativité prolongée pendant le temps, la longueur, le moment, la masse, et l'énergie cinétique.  Les expériences optiques d'interféromètre de Michelson & Morley et de Miller sont analysées et discutées. La signification de la différence entre le mode-vide et le mode-gaz des expériences d'interféromètre est soulignée. Tandis qu'un mode d'expérience est compatible avec une hypothèse principale d'Einstein; l'autre mode expose un défaut sérieux. La découverte répétée de l'anisotropie de lumière-vitesse, également désignée sous le nom de la détection du mouvement absolu, expose l'insuffisance et l'imperfection des postulats d'Einstein.  Essentiellement, le papier présent dresse un cours par lequel la théorie de la relativité peut être rendue plus incluse et conforme à l'existence et à la détectabilité du mouvement 'absolu`.

* DSSU est l'acronyme pour l'univers équilibré dynamique. C'est un modèle basé sur l’idée que toutes les choses sont des processus.

Extended Relativity –Exploiting the Loopholes in Einstein's Relativity (Preprint of the article published in Physics Essays Journal (2012 Sept); © 2012 copyright publisher PEP). Reprinted by permission of Physics Essays Publication)

Citation: C. Ranzan, "Extended Relativity –Exploiting the Loopholes in Einstein's Relativity,"
Physics Essays Vol.25, No.3, pp327-346 (2012 Sept).
DOI Permalink:


Terminology note: The justification of the term “Extended relativity” rests, in large part, on the theory’s ability to extend/expand the speed of light postulate so that it accounts for (i) the intrinsic speed of light in its conducting medium; (ii) Einstein’s lightspeed invariance in accordance with certain experiments; and (iii) theory-predicted lightspeed variance in accordance with other  experiments. As presented in the article:

·        The explanation of the intrinsic speed of light involves the mechanism of light conduction by the space medium —aether.

·        The explanation of lightspeed constancy, for all uniformly moving observers, involves the two-way-light-path method of measuring lightpulses.

·       The explanation of lightspeed non-constancy involves a necessary feature imposed by the existence of a light-conducting aether. The presence of this luminiferous medium requires that the speed of propagation is dependent on the aether-imposed intrinsic value (300,000 km/s) plus the motion of the aether itself. In other words, the one-way-light-path measure of the speed of lightpulses may vary.


2.  Reviews



"Let me congratulate you for yet another outstanding paper. 'Loopholes' is a winner. I read it through and found it to be thoughtfully and beautifully rendered.  It's no easy task to take on Einstein's [oversight] but you do this without destroying Relativity Theory ---you simply extend Special Relativity by proving the DSSU aether flow as being absolute and dynamic ... in this process of extending Special Relativity you are laying the groundwork for your next paper.  I love how you went about developing the powerful irrefutable Michelson-Morley, Miller, and Bradley evidence.  You didn't miss a beat either ---by extending the Lorentz transformations to back this up and strengthen your case. Your figure illustrations, comparative tables, and flowcharts, bolster your text and thankfully were easy to understand. The material you covered on 'length contraction', 'speed of light relative to aether flow and velocity measurements' are nicely presented.  As tough as math is for me I came away from reading this paper both enlightened and enthused and gained a new appreciation for equations regardless of being unable to handle the unfamiliar symbol nomenclature and algebra. I believe having recently read Mario Livio's book on Symmetry[1] helped me to appreciate and trust the symmetry that your back-up equations reveal. I will read and study this paper again and again ... "

 –Roger Ferragallo (California, 2010 Feb 8)


[Note:  Roger has perused more books on cosmology and cosmology related topics than even I have! –CR]


  1. ^ Mario Livio, The Equation that Couldn't be Solved (Simon & Schuster, New York, 2005)


3.  Review with Author's Response
–The Meaningful Question

One professional reviewer believes that a proper analysis of the air-mode Michelson-interferometer experiment should predict a null result (i.e., no fringe shift) and kindly suggests a way to do the analysis to achieve a null prediction.

The reviewer, however, completely overlooks the fact that the actual experiments give positive results (i.e., measurable fringe shifts)!

If an experiment gives positive results —as the Miller experiments consistently produced— then you would certainly want your theory to predict positive results. Yet the reviewer would like to see, in the paper, a negative (null) prediction!! ... What can I possibly say?

Anyway, here are the reviewer's comments followed by my (slightly expanded) response.

Reviewer (A) item 17: ... I believe that the reason DSSU [theory] predicts a non-null result is that the speed of light in the gas analyzed in the present paper does not take into account the fact that the gas is moving with respect to the aether. I believe that once the latter effect is included, a null prediction will be obtained.
(I believe this is how Lorentz agrees with Einstein on such a test, but I haven’t worked out the details myself.) –per 2010 August review

Author’s response:
The speed of the air, with respect to aether, should not be of any concern. (Keep in mind, Lorentz’s aether can be ignored since it was supposedly undetectable; Einstein, of course, did not use an aether.)  Why should there be any concern as to the speed of the air?—after all, the air is the same in both arms of the interferometer apparatus. The real question should be, why is the speed of light different for the two perpendicular directions of the apparatus arms? The speed of light is supposed to be, by postulate, the same in all directions —and it should not matter in the least whether one takes measurements in vacuum or in air. The air in and around the apparatus is not moving —it is isotropic. The meaningful question is, why is the speed of light not isotropic in an isotropic medium?

The Lorentz theory and the ESR theory struggle to find an answer. It is a simple question; it deserves a straightforward answer. None has previously been proffered.

But, aside from the observation of basic anisotropy, there is a far more devastating issue here. The real concern —the one that checkmates conventional relativity— should be with the fact that, regardless of the experimental method, the direction of maximum anisotropy (the direction of absolute motion or, the same thing, the direction of aether flow) is found to be remarkably consistent. The direction is always toward the same region of the celestial sphere!

As a point of interest: It is the fact that the relativity purists, many years ago, in the years following 1933, failed to acknowledge the checkmate situation and, instead, allowed the game to continue. Since they couldn’t deal with the evidence coming from Dayton Miller’s experiments, the strategy was to simply dismiss it and ignore it; and, oh yes, derision of person and ideas was part of the strategy. Even science writer Martin Gardner, in at least one of his books, participated in ridiculing Miller and his work. But the evidence was there; and the game dragged on. It dragged into a new century.

In the year 2002, with the discovery of the causal mechanism of gravity, the application of a new physics, and other developments, the checkmate argument was back —and for this round it was back in full strength.

The relativity purists are now probably fewer in number (or at least in proportion) but they seem not to have changed their game plan. And, predictably, they still don’t have a meaningful answer.

The Einstein theory (as well as the Lorentz theory) is unable to say why the speed of light is not isotropic in an isotropic medium. Within Einstein’s special relativity the question remains: Why is the speed of light different in two different directions?

What about the supporting evidence? Do other experiments, in addition to Miller’s, agree with the DSSU analysis?

As pointed out in the Manuscript: The value of 360 km/s that DSSU theory predicts from the Miller data is within 13.8% of the modern experimental value of 418 km/s obtained by Australian physicist Reginald T. Cahill in 2006. The method employed a combination coaxial RF cable and an optical fiber. Significantly, it was not an interferometer experiment.

The DSSU analysis [in the present Paper] is also supported by the findings of the Roland DeWitte experiment conducted in Brussels, in 1991. The DeWitte coaxial cable experiment (a 1st-order-effect device) using atomic clocks revealed a speed of absolute motion of approximately 400 km/s.

That the DeWitte and the Cahill experiments are not Michelson interferometers is highly significant.

“That these very different experiments [Miller’s interferometer and DeWitte’s atomic clocks] show the same speed and RA of absolute motion is one of the most startling discoveries of the twentieth century.” –R.T. Cahill, The Michelson and Morley 1887 Experiment and the Discovery of Absolute Motion (Progress in Physics Vol.1, Issue 3, 2005) p29


Incidentally, the Michelson-and-Morley velocities, in 1887, were lower than Miller's primarily because the geographical latitude of Cleveland was less favorable than that of Mt Wilson (the site of Miller’s experiments).


4.  Supplementary Discussion

Myth of the Null Report

Why, in the search for the aether, were so many null results reported? There are, it is quite true, a considerable number of published experiments reporting null results of the Michelson-Morley type tests. There are basically two reasons:

(1) The result really is null and is due to the fact that the experiment was conducted in vacuum mode. This has increasingly been the case over the decades as more precise instruments and better vacuum chambers have become available. The more effective the vacuum, the closer the index of refraction is to 1, the more complete is the cancellation effect due to the Lorentzian length contraction of the apparatus.

(2) A null result is reported even though the observations themselves are definitely not null. The observations were merely less than had been expected (often considerably less). This was the case with Michelson, 1887; Illingworth, 1927; and Joos, 1930. In those experiments, the length-contraction effect was not taken into account.

The fact is Michelson and Morley did not report null results. In their 1887 paper in The American Journal of Science, “the results of the observations are expressed graphically in fig. 6.” And that graph clearly shows fringe displacements between 0.01 and 0.02 of the wavelength (of sodium light). As the authors explain, since the interference-pattern displacement is proportional to the square of the velocity, the corresponding relative velocity of the Earth and the aether is between 5 km/s and 7.5 km/s. Now think about what a motion of 5 to 7.5 kilometers per second means. In terrestrial terms this is incredibly fast —the entire range is over 15 times the speed of sound in air (331 m/s in air 0°). It is a speed that cannot be ignored.

Reconciling Contradictory Claims of Aether Motion

Theoretically, it has been proven that the detection of aether motion is quite impossible; and yet several experiments have demonstrated the reality of aether motion.

Aether motion has been demonstrated. Here is an excerpt from one of Professor Cahill’s papers giving the extent to which such motion has been detected: “That the speed of light is always c (≈300,000 km/s) relative to any observer in nonaccelerating motion is one of the foundational concepts of physics. Experimentally this was supposed to have been first revealed by the 1887 Michelson-Morley experiment, and was made one of Einstein’s key postulates of Special Relativity in 1905. However, in 2002 the actual 1887 fringe shift data was analysed for the first time with a theory for the Michelson interferometer that used both the Fitzgerald-Lorentz contraction effect, as well as the effect of the air on the speed of light. That analysis showed that the data gave an absolute motion speed in excess of 300 km/s. So far six other experiments have been shown to give the same result. ...” –Cahill, The Speed of Light and the Einstein Legacy: 1905-2005, Infinite Energy Vol.10, Issue 60, pp28-37 (Jan 2005)

Aether motion is impossible to demonstrate! In 1905, on the 5th of June, Henri Poincaré published an important work Sur la dynamique de l'electron which claimed that it was impossible to demonstrate absolute motion and provided an explanation for the Michelson-Morley “null” result. His explanation still stands when applied to the null result obtainable with a vacuum-mode Michelson interferometer.

How to reconcile the above two Contradictory Claims:

First of all, the very fact that there is a specific speed and not just any speed —the speed of light being 300,000 km/s and not 100,000 km/s— necessitates the existence of a light conducting medium. It is some fundamental property of the space medium that dictates the fixed speed of propagation.

Clearly aether must exist. And any motion of the aether would be made evident by the observance of a variance in the speed of light.

Lorentz could explain the intrinsic speed of light by virtue of his postulated luminiferous-and-static aether; and he could 'explain' the apparent constancy of the speed of light by virtue of his transformation equations (the constancy was built into the equations). But, by uncritically accepting the validity of Poincaré’s proof, he was unable to explain the detection of aether. He believed that the FitzGerald-Lorentz length contraction prevented the Michelson-Morley experiment from detecting the aether flow and was convinced that the aether could not be detected; and so the Lorentz aether theory was limited in dealing with the growing evidence of the actual detection of aether flow.

The reconciliation comes about by recognizing that two factors, in combination, prevent the detection of aether motion: (i) The two-way-light-path method of measuring lightpulses and (ii) the presence of a vacuum. If either condition is absent, then it becomes possible to actually detect aether motion.

It is possible to detect aether motion if a one-way-light-path method of measuring is employed. And it is also possible if a gas surrounds the light beam of the measuring apparatus; for instance, if the arms of a Michelson interferometer are surrounded by gas (such as ordinary air).

And where does Einstein’s relativity fit into all this? Einstein embedded into his definition of simultaneity a clock synchronization method that required a two-way light path. In order to stay within the definition of simultaneity and time interval at different places, light pulses must be measured by the out-and-reflected-back method. The result is that the speed of light will APPEAR constant for all observers regardless of uniform motion —regardless of uniform motion of the observer or of the light source. Remove the two-way condition and you step outside the domain of special relativity.

Conjuring Up Unreal Worlds
Mathematicians Attempt to Extend Einstein's Relativity

I persistently emphasize how DSSU theory is firmly rooted in reality. To better appreciate this aspect, it is always fascinating to take note of the wild speculations of other theorists. Two experts in applied mathematics at the University of Adelaide, James M. Hill and Barry J. Cox, have published a piece claiming to extend Einstein's special relativity beyond the speed of light. Their formulas extend special relativity to a situation where the relative velocity can be infinite, and can be used to describe motion at speeds faster than light.*

“We are mathematicians, not physicists, so we’ve approached this problem from a theoretical mathematical perspective,” said Dr Cox. “Should it, however, be proven that motion faster than light is possible, then that would be game changing.”

“Our paper doesn’t try and explain how this could be achieved, just how equations of motion might operate in such regimes.”

What? “Motion faster than light”? Are they seriously suggesting the possibility that a physical particle or entity can overtake a propagating pulse of light?! Such a scenario is extremely doubtful. It is pure mathematical fantasy.

It is also a strange irony —the incongruity that within mathematics, the most disciplined of the sciences, the very Queen of sciences, within the science of the purest pursuit of reason, one is able to conjure up unreal worlds with unreal spatial dimensions through which unreal speeds are unrestricted.

* J. M. Hill and B. J. Cox, Einstein's special relativity beyond the speed of light, Proceedings of the Royal Society A, 2012, doi: 10.1098/rspa.2012.0340


5.  Summary Table

The logic loophole in Einstein’s special relativity theory, its most basic loophole, allows one to make changes to its assumptions; this is possible because they are not exclusive assumptions. The all-important fact is that Einstein constructed an if-then argument and not an if-and-only-if argument.

 Relativity Theory Comparison


Einstein’s special relativity

Extended (DSSU) relativity


Basic assumption:

● Speed of light appears constant for all inertial observers.

Compound assumption:

● There is a space medium (aether) and the speed of light is constant with respect to it.

● Lightspeed in vacuum appears constant for all observers when measured directly or indirectly by any two-way method.

● Lightspeed is variant when measure by a one-way light-path method.

Further assumptions:

● Laws of physics are the same for all observers.

● No special frame of reference. (The unnecessary assumption)

● Laws of physics are the same for all observers.

● There is a special frame: defined by the space medium, aether.

How the theory is derived:

By applying the Lorentz transformations to geometric space.

By applying the Lorentz transformations to aether-space.

Theoretical conclusions:

● Speed of light must appear isotropic. (Predicts light speed is the same for all paths in the Michelson interferometer).

● No space medium.

● No absolute motion.

● No aether wind.

● Speed of light in aether-space (the vacuum) appears isotropic.

● Speed of light through a physical medium appears anisotropic.

● Absolute motion is detectable.

● Aether wind is detectable.

Experimental evidence:

Vacuum-mode Michelson interferometer experiments are consistent with theory assumptions (but does not prove those assumptions).

Gas-mode experiments are inconsistent with theory assumptions. (They prove that at least one assumption is wrong.)

Vacuum-mode experiments are consistent with theory assumptions.



Gas-mode experiments are consistent with theory assumptions.


Because of the theory’s ‘relative’ nature it fails to distinguish between apparent and intrinsic effects.

The theory IS able to distinguish between apparent and intrinsic effects.

But the challenge is to determine the actual velocity, with respect to the aether, for any particular situation.



"No fairer destiny could be allotted to any physical theory than that it should of itself point out the way to the introduction of a more comprehensive theory, in which it lives on as a limiting case."
−Einstein,  Relativity The Special and the General Theory (Wings Books, New York, 1961) p86




"The overthrow of successful theories that were refined or replaced by more complete theories is what makes up most of the history of science. But even as a theory is replaced, it is important to recognize that this does not make the supplanted theory wrong. ... Rather than saying one is right and another wrong, I think of them as being more and less complete."
−Dan Hooper, Dark Cosmos (HarperCollins, New York, 2006) p205-6



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