The   Dynamic   Steady   State   Universe

  Home     DSSU Directory     Advance Search     Published Articles     Questions & Comments     For Educators   

(In reverse chronological order)

(2023 January):  DSSU Cosmology is now into its 22nd year on the Internet —the revolution continues.

(2022 December 28): Now PUBLISHED !

“Laws of Physics Twentieth-Century Scientists Overlooked”

Available on
and on

(2022 November 11): Remembrance Day in Canada (Veterans Day in USA, Remembrance Sunday in Britain). Take a moment to reflect on the Allied scheme for genocide: The Morgenthau Plan.

"After World War II ended, some in the Allied coalition wanted to crush the already-prostrate German nation for standing up to its banker-dominated New World Order agenda. Drafted by the Soviets and initially scrapped, it was resurrected after the war for the sole purpose of genociding as many Germans as possible." –The Barnes Review Vol.28, No.6 (2022 Nov) page 54

(2022 August 30): Press Release (2022 August).

(2022 August 20): The 20-year quest for the ultimate truth has paid off … We now know how the energy of the Universe is continuously replenished.
The details are revealed in the Open Access Article “Mainspring Mechanism of the Universe” published in the International Journal of Cosmology, Astronomy and Astrophysics. Presented is the four-process mechanism that drives and sustains the grand Cosmic system —now and forever. Hi-resolution REPRINT.

Meanwhile … the decline of Western Civilization continues. Let us not forget Ayn Rand’s warning:

When you see that in order to produce, you need to obtain permission from men who produce nothing – When you see that money is flowing to those who deal, not in goods, but in favors – When you see that men get richer by graft and by pull than by work, and your laws don’t protect you against them but protect them against you – When you see corruption being rewarded and honesty becoming a self-sacrifice – You may know that your society is doomed.” –A. Rand, Atlas Shrugged, 1957

(2022 August 12): In the Just Right Media program #771, Robert Metz reveals one of the great secrets of our Universe. The Universe was never created! It had no beginning! … The elegant and profound reasoning substantiating this claim is presented in the fourth-quarter segment of the August 11th podcast.

(2022 August 1): The third DSSU book is ready for publication. Particulars: Laws of Physics 20th-Century Scientists Overlooked

(2022 July 1): Current project: The third DSSU book is nearing completion.

(2022 February 13-15): Dresden Hellstorm days of remembrance. Ask yourself, what could possibly motivate a people to machinate and implement the total destruction of the most beautiful and cultural city on the planet? Search deeply into your inner self, and reflect on the mind-polluting power of indoctrination.
Remembering Dresden 77 years after the terror bombing.

(2022 January 1): The "Directory" webpage has been updated.

(2021 December 24): Research article Steady State Cosmic Structure, after long delays, has finally been publishing. Seven prominent journals, reviewed the Paper, reported no errors, but refused to publish. The evidence presented is incontrovertible —absolutely devastating for the orthodox paradigm! Our steady state Universe is not expanding. (Reprint.)

Meanwhile, in the struggle for freedom:
Congratulations! to Dr James Sears on receiving the George Orwell Free Speech Award for 2021. Dr Sears, 58 years old, was a political prisoner in Toronto until his early release a few weeks ago, in October. He’s been described as a “Brilliant satirist, researcher, writer, free speech warrior & dedicated anti-masker.

(2021 November 19): WOW! This is a “first” for the DSSU. Journal editors/reviewers have come up with a new excuse for rejecting DSSU research articles: “serious concerns about ethical issues in the manuscript.” … What are these ethical issues? They won’t say. What moral principle have I, the author, violated? Whatever it is, they’re keeping it secret! … And all the while, after 20 years, still unable to find flaws on legitimate scientific grounds! Stay tuned.

Decline of civilization:Vancouver (Canada) School Board phases out honours programs in high schools” (2021-6-16) This linked article is about the discontinuation of English, math, and science courses for high achievers! All in the name of Egalitarianism —the ideology of Marxism/communism!

(2021 November 5): Another DSSU article has been published: Centrifugal Effect Negation, (Applied Physics Research journal Vol.13,No.2).

Ongoing Enslavement and Suicide:
Wake up people! We are in the thick of a long multi-generational Total Psychological World War. The choice is simple; either face up to this reality, or fool yourself and succumb to its evil outcome. Always remember, International Communism planned, implemented, and WON the utterly disastrous Second World War. People who are not aware of these historical facts are casualties — the gullible losers— of the first ever Psychological World War.

(2021 Oct 8): Three important DSSU papers are under seemingly endless peer review!!
Meanwhile: My prediction proved to be correct. A critical number of Indoctrinated Canadians in last month’s national election rejected “life, liberty and property” —the three essentials for Freedom. They voted in favor of the police-state Trudeau Tyranny and a continuation of the invasion of the country! And so, the suicidal decline continues.

(2021 September 18):
War against civilization: The truth is out: The Covid-19 vaccine IS the real pathogen! “It’s a stealth weapon in an entirely new kind of war; a war aimed at restructuring the global order and establishing absolute social control.” –

(2021 September 10): Currently two DSSU research articles are being peer reviewed.
Suicidal decline of Western civilization: “Given that the PPC is Canada’s only federal party on the Right, those who proclaim to believe in the values of ‘life, liberty and property’ have only one choice in this election: the People’s Party of Canada.” –Robert Metz (2021-9-2)

   I predict that the majority of Canadian voters (with the election on Sept 20) will reject this sensible choice. They simply do not sufficiently value ‘life, liberty and property’ —the three essentials for Freedom. And so, sadly, the decline continues. –C.R.

(2021 August 20): It’s a special day. Today marks the 20th anniversary of the founding of DSSU cosmology. It is also the 20th anniversary of the passing of the greatest astrophysicist of the 20th century, Sir Fred Hoyle (1915-2001). The original plan was to celebrate this date by announcing the greatest discovery to emerge from DSSU theory. Unfortunately, but not unexpectedly, the Manuscript detailing the discovery was rejected. The reason? The Reviewer alleges, and the journal Editor concurs, that the historic Michelson-Morley experiment as a detection of aether was fraudulent! Furthermore, these gatekeepers firmly believe that aether does not exist! So, despite Albert Michelson having received the Nobel Prize in Physics for his precision measurements of light, this Reviewer, who claims to be a PhD physicist, considers those experiments fraudulent! … Conclusion: Yes, another FAKE review.

Suicidal decline of Western civilization: “Canadian writer and newspaperman will remain in jail as a political prisoner, a non-violent prisoner of conscience in a Cultural Marxist ruled country that praises “diversity” but detests “diversity” of opinion.” –[LINK]

(2021 July): We finally have a proper scientific theory of the Universe.

An unprecedented development in the long history of cosmology. The conservation of energy mechanism applicable to our Universe has been discovered. Press Release 2021-7

Suicidal decline of Western civilization: "What we here in the Unites States and in Europe are actually witnessing is the planned destruction of Western civilization. It is no accident." ... "Every step in the decline of Western culture has been planned for years. It started in Germany in the early years of the 20th century. Germany was the original target of the Communists." –The Barnes Review, 2021 July/Aug Editorial.

Canadian philosopher Stefan Molyneux wrote in his Freedomain Update for 2021-7-4: “… people believe what they want to believe, facts don't seem to matter much anymore, rational arguments get banished from public discourse —and it looks like people are going to have to learn about the dangers of totalitarianism through suffering, since they will not learn through history, reason, evidence or morality.”

(2021 June 18): Part 6 of the Laws of Physics 20th-Century Scientists Overlooked has finally been ACCEPTED for publication.

Meanwhile, after 9 long weeks, Part 7 has successfully passed the review process. One Reviewer stated, “Interesting logical arguments … assembled in a very well drafted and readable manuscript.” … An “excellent manuscript.” The other Reviewer reported no problems with the Paper.
So, what was the Editors decision? … REJECT. Decision final. No reason given. No justifying comments. Thus, truth once again has been censored!

(2021 May 14): SUMMARY of the evidence in the ongoing war against freedom and Western Civilization: JustRightMedia Podcast. (When listening, do recognize and disregard the anti-German bias evident in the references to the fake Hollywood version of history.)

(2021 May 7): I was born in a police state (Communist East Germany); and now I find myself living in another police state —Communist Canada! … No, I’m not surprised, saw it coming for many decades, but I am always amazed. It is a matter of knowing the nature of the beast. –CR
    This week Robert Metz focused on Winning Back Our Freedom—and why philosophy matters as he presents the compelling case that, as “demonstrated many times in the past, the political world is and has always been ruled by minorities. ‘Majorities’ always follow, they never lead.

(2021 April 16): Civilization regresses: WARNING: UNDRIP, United Nations, and the Globalists’ huge land grab! JustRightMedia Program #702

(2021 April 9): Cosmology advances:
Part 5 has been accepted for publication.
Part 7, just completed, is now under review.

Civilization regresses:

Many of those driving globalist lockdown agendas have been described as psychopaths, sociopaths, or just plain evil. There is plenty of evidence to support all three descriptions. But how is one to judge those who follow and support the tyrannical measures devised by this handful of deranged collectivists? … Of course, in any objective sense, evil must be understood to refer to those human thoughts and actions that lead to the intentional destruction of the self or others. With Life as the standard of the Good, Death becomes at once the symbol, the objective, and the consequence of the moral vacuum that creates Evil itself.
 –Fear no evil—Make evil fear you (JustRight #701; 2021-4-8)
(Except for the anti-German clichés and misleading historical propaganda, this is an excellent program.)

(2021 March 12): The enemies of truth and promoters of unreality continue to be active in astrophysics and cosmology. FIVE journals have now refused to publish Part 5, with its irrefutable proof …
And they are active in our decaying society:

   “Benjamin Franklin warned that It is the first responsibility of every citizen to question authority; while Albert Einstein noted that Blind belief in authority is the greatest enemy of truth.
   Together, these words of wisdom go a long way towards explaining our dystopian unreality. For the past year or so, we have all been subjected to fake propaganda spewed by a fake news media about a fake pandemic designed to scare people into getting a fake vaccine. Talk about ‘unreality’!”
–Robert Metz (JustRightMedia, 2021-3-11)

(2021 Feb 13,14,&15): Commemorating the 76th anniversary of the greatest terrorist event/action in the long history of mankind —the Dresden HELLSTORM. The tragic event —a truly epic testimony of evil— occurred in 1945. The victims were the long-suffering German people.

(2021 Feb 5): Newly posted:
Directory of DSSU Articles and Resources

(2021 Jan 29): Question regarding the Higgs field versus DSSU aether.

Part 6 is currently undergoing review.

(2021 January 22):"Law of physics 20th-century scientists overlooked (Part 4): Mass Extinction by Aether Deprivation" has been published in JHEPGC, Vol.7, No.1. Link to Abstract & Article.
MEANWHILE, (Part 5) in this series of articles contains a proof so toxic that three astrophysics journals have refused to publish it !!

(2021 January 8):Nothing in the mainstream media is trustworthy.”
   “No one has ever been so thoroughly evil as the politicians and scientists promoting the corona-virus fakes around the world. Never before have people been lied to so thoroughly and consistently with such evil purposes as we have been lied to by our present totalitarian genocidal government. Make no mistake, this is genocide. The covid-19 fraud, the lockdown, and the abandonment of the elderly and the sick are resulting in the deaths of millions. In the UK the National Health Service has become the National Death Service.”
   “We are ruled by a bunch of traitors who have sold our birthright …”
   “How did they [the British people] fall for so many lies? Where is their courage?”
   “Unless we fight hard with determination, the year ahead, 2021, will be the last we live as free men and women. That’s not rhetoric, it’s fact!”
Dr Vernon Coleman, 2021 Jan 2, audio clip, This is Genocide.
Transcribed from Just Right Media: The great reckoning 2021

ANNOUNCEMENTS & comments from earlier years are available HERE.


The Nature of Gravitational Collapse

Subtitle: How the photon, the particle of light, is responsible for mass, gravity, superneutron stars, and supermassive black holes

—Reveals the truth about stellar and supermassive black holes.

This work contains 311+ pages, 67 illustrations, references, and index. …
Second printing details (2017 November)
First printing details (Lambert Academic Publishing, 2017 July)

Guide to the Construction of the Natural Universe

Participate in a unique exploration of the Cosmos: venture into the sub-atomic realm, even into the sub-quantum realm where the roots of reality reside, and into the domain of cosmic-scale cell-structure and beyond to infinity. Along the way, discover the cause of mass, the cause of gravitation, and rediscover Einstein’s “nonponderable” aether and Heraclitus’ harmony-of-opposites principle. … The book represents the ultimate vindication for all the skeptics who resisted the "preposterous" Big Bang mythology and who refused to join the exploding-cosmos religion.
The book contains 317 pages, 61 illustrations, references, and index …
Available from C-FAR Books.
Or use this mail-in Order Form.
(Also available at  Niagara Falls Public Library)


Mass-to-Energy Conversion, the Astrophysical Mechanism –Published in Journal of High Energy Physics, Gravitation and Cosmology, Vol.5, No.2 (2019). HTML version.

Nature’s Supreme Mechanism for Energy Extraction from Nonmaterial Aether –Published in Infinite Energy Magazine Vol.24, Issue#144 (2019 March/April)

The Nature of Gravity –How One Factor Unifies Gravity’s Convergent, Divergent, Vortex, and Wave Effects –Published in the International Journal of Astrophysics and Space ScienceVol.6, No.5, 2018.
Natural Mechanism for the Generation and Emission of Extreme Energy Particles –Published in Physics Essays Vol.31, No.3, p358 (2018). (Reprint)
Sachs-Wolfe Effect Disproof –Published in the International Journal of Astrophysics and Space Science, Vol.6, No.1, 2018. ( Abstract & Links.)

"The Nature of Gravitational Collapse"
–Published in American Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics. ( Abstract and Links.)
(Note, there is a typo in AJA&A posted version in the Fig-10 caption. It should read: … acceleration is proportional to 1/r2.)

Glossary of Terms used in Cosmology and Astrophysics with particular emphasis on DSSU theory.
(Opens in separate Window or Tab)


Mysteries & Paradoxes that Plague Standard Cosmology  (Updated 2015-7)

Cosmology Crisis of 1998 (Revised 2015-5)

Critique of Conventional Cosmology ... comments relating to the 'preposterous' expanding-universe paradigm.
Bafflement —the remarkable admission of a physicist.
The Cosmology Debate That Never Happened   —During the 20th century there was a decades-long debate: The cataclysmic expanding universe VS the stable expanding universe. But there has never been a debate of the dynamic expanding universe VS the dynamic non-expanding universe. (Posted 2011 Oct)

Models of the Universe —Historical, Expanding, and Cellular universes. INCLUDES USEFUL TABLES FOR COMPARING THEORIES.

The Universe Is Infinite (Part 1) —overcoming a "central" problem of cosmology theories.

The Universe Is Infinite (Part 2) —an explanation of how the universe can always have existed and will always exist.

DSSU, The Non-Expanding Universe: Structure, Redshift, Distance —A long sought-after goal of astrophysicists has been a formulation of cosmic distance that is independent of the speed of light. The goal has now been achieved. The present Paper details the surprisingly simple distance expression and its validating agreement with Supernova data.

Why Copernicus Did Not Need a Force of Gravity —Explores the question of why no one, except Newton, invoked a force. (Re-Posted February, 2014)

Gravity and Lambda —A Story of Opposites (.htm) —A story of opposites in harmony. Key differences between the Conventional Cosmology and the New Cosmology are presented.

Dynamic Cosmic Cell —The Structural Component of the DSSU —Animated image and discussion of the self-sustaining, self-balancing system.

Why Einstein Did Not Receive the Nobel Prize for His Theory of Relativity —“By 1922 Einstein had been nominated about fifty times —most were for his relativity theories.”

Questions & Answers & Comments


(2016 June) FREE DOWNLOAD details:
DSSU Validated by Redshift Theory and Structural Evidence
, Physics Essays, Vol.28, No.4, p455-473 (2015 Dec) —Delivers the coup de grâce to the Big Bang. Abstract & Links.
Both Reviewers enthusiastically endorsed this "well-written and incisive article."

The Dynamic Steady State Universe.
This work brings together the main pieces of the cosmic puzzle in a step-by-step construction of the Natural Universe. Published in Physics Essays Vol.27 No.2 (2014 June issue) (PDF download)  "... the arguments are well-made. The article is competent, enjoyable and readable." —Reviewer for Physics Essays Journal

Olbers’ Paradox Resolved for the Infinite Non-Expanding Universe
, American Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics Vol.4, No.1, (2016 January). Abstract & links. Reprint PDF.
● “The man accredited with discovering universe expansion did not believe that the universe was expanding. Hubble was convinced that the key evidence, the cosmic redshift, was caused by some other factor, something more fundamental than mere expansion.”
● “With the recent discovery of a new cosmic-redshift mechanism, and its theoretical validation, it turns out that Hubble was right.”
● Explains how “an infinite, non-expanding, perpetually regenerating universe" is able to predict a dark night sky.

Cosmic Redshift in the Nonexpanding Cellular Universe  ( Journal links ) —details the actual causal mechanism. Published in the American Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics, Vol.2, No.5 (2014) Abstract.
Local copy with quality images: (Reprint pdf).
• Entirely new concept for cosmic redshift mechanism;
• Retains the foundation premise of all modern cosmology;
• But does not require whole-universe expansion;
• A redshift based on the DSSU theory of unified gravity & cosmic cellular structure;
• Remarkable agreement with independently established redshift distances.

The Cosmology Debate That Never Happened
What historians call "the greatest cosmological debate in history” was between TWO  expanding universes —two hypothetical models that share the same, I repeat, the same foundational property! If one is to claim some great clash of ideas (let alone the "greatest") then surely there must exist some deep dividing difference! (Posted 2011-10)

The Case for a Cellular Universe
—the Story of a Baffling Omission in Modern Cosmology    (Rev2014)

Large-Scale Structure of the Dynamic Steady State Universe published in the American Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol.4, No.6, 2016, pp.65-77. Astract and Links.
■ Presents the first 2 of the 4 main postulates that define the DSSU.
■ Space-medium expansion and contraction are perpetually held in balance, thus ensuring a non-expanding universe.
■ Explains how the two dynamic processes of the DSSU’s space medium sustain the cellular structure responsible for the pattern of matter distribution in our Universe.

Galaxy Morphology:

Ellipticity, Its Origin & Progression in Comoving Galaxies,  American Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics, AJAA, Vol.3, No.2, 2015.
Journal  Abstract and Links.
Local  high-resolution PDF.
HTML version available from AJAA here.
• Provides the first-ever natural explanation for the cause of the elliptical shape of nonrotating galaxies
• Retains the foundation premise of all modern cosmology but rejects the absurd concept of whole-universe expansion
• Takes full advantage of the universe’s cosmic cellular structure and exploits the DSSU theory of unified gravity domains
• Amazingly, the mechanism that stretches galaxies turns out to be the very same mechanism that causes the cosmic spectral redshift!

Cosmic-Redshift Distance Law Without c Without H Comments & Links Simplifying the redshift-distance formula by removing the speed-of-light constant and the Hubble parameter —while maintaining agreement with observational evidence.


Cosmic Core website: Lavishly illustrated. Includes many articles discussing DSSU theory and cosmology.

New Illuminati
–The DSSU is The New Cosmology

New Illuminati –Hidden Substrate of Reality

Big Bang Never Happened –Home & Summary

Just Right program #623
Canadian broadcaster Robert Metz focuses on cosmology. This is a superb show in which he exposes the absurdity of the Big Bang hypothesis, delves into some key aspects of the DSSU, and praises the veracity of the modern steady-state perspective.
Originally aired 2019-9-19.


DSSU Theory:

DSSU Validated by Redshift Theory and Structural Evidence, Physics Essays, Vol.28, No.4, p455-473 (2015 Dec) —Delivers the coup de grâce to the Big Bang. Abstract & Links.
Both Reviewers enthusiastically endorsed this "well-written and incisive article."

A historical tour of universes culminating with the Natural Universe —This essay gives a thematic tour of historical and modern universes. ... While the Universe is endlessly speaking, forever sending signals; philosophers and scientists listen and interpret.

Currently undergoing revision and updating: Theoretical Foundation and Pillars of the Dynamic Steady State Universe —The first complete presentation of all four postulates of DSSU theory. A powerful paper that resolves the cause-of-causes paradox, explains the non-independent nature of time, and reveals the 'supreme advantage'. It includes a concise comparison with standard cosmology focusing on real-world viability.

The Fundamental Process of Energy —A Qualitative Unification of Energy, Mass, and Gravity. (Abstract & Reviews & Links) … This article reveals the secret behind photon confinement. (Contains only a bare minimum of mathematics and mainly in one of the 14 sections.)
PART 1 published in Infinite Energy Magazine Issue #113 (Jan/Feb 2014)
PART 2 published in Infinite Energy Magazine    Issue #114 (Mar/Apr 2014)

Headlined as:
A "Conceptual Unification of Energy, Mass and Gravity"

Dynamic Cosmic Cell —The Structural Component of the DSSU —Animated image and discussion of the self-sustaining, self-balancing system.

Unified Gravitation Cells of the DSSU —Constructing the Universe with Cosmic Gravity Cells

Aether Flow Equations and Expansion-Contraction Rates (pdf) —This paper explores the mathematical aspects of the two space-medium postulates of DSSU theory —and uncovers some profound consequences.


Documentary movie footage in which Einstein states, "There exists an aether"
High resolution .mpg video.
Low resolution .wmv video.

The Aether Experiments and the Impact on Cosmology —Aether was detected first in 1887 and then several more times during the 20th century. Its 21st–century "rediscovery" (in 2001) led to the long-sought causal mechanism of gravity —a discovery which has revolutionizing cosmology.

Michelson-Morley and the Story of the Aether Theory —Richard Milton's analysis of the historical details involving the misrepresentation, bias, and cover-up that hampered the Aether theory.

The History of the Aether Theory —The historic development of the aether as a scientific theory of the universal space medium. What started as the "fifth element" of Antiquity becomes molded by theoretical constraints and experimental evidence into the dual-dynamic sub-quantum medium —the Essence of the Universe. (Updated 2019-12)

Relativity of Time in the Aether-Space of the DSSU —How intrinsic time and relative time are related.

DSSU Relativity –The Lorentz Transformations Applied to Aether-Space —Ranzan
Reprinted by permission of Physics Essays Publication, Physics  Essays Vol.23, No.3, p520. (2010). ABSTRACT

Physical Nature of Length Contraction —the DSSU Theory of Length Contraction Induced by Absolute Motion.
An easy to follow examination of how the mode by which matter is “conducted” through luminiferous aether causes the matter to contract. A simple derivation of the mathematical expression for this physical phenomenon is presented. There is also a brief discussion of relevant historical aspects and of nonphysical length contraction.
Reviewer's comments: “This is amazing …”  “The paper is interesting …” –Applied Physics Research reviewer. Published in Applied Physics Research journal Vol.5, No.1 (2013 Feb).

Contradiction Divides Two Aether Theories —An exploration into the three parts of the speed-of-light postulate.
Reprinted by permission of PEP, from  Physics Essays Journal (Vol 24, No.3, Sept, 2011) ... ABSTRACT

Basic-level mathematical and graphical exploration of dynamic aether flow: PDF

Here is an external webpage with an extensive list of research papers on the aether-drift experiments, and the larger question of energy in space.


Sachs-Wolfe Effect Disproof (published in in the International Journal of Astrophysics and Space Science Vol.6, No.1, 2018.)
Abstract & links.

DSSU Cosmic Redshift-Distance Relation (htm) —Converting the cosmic redshift into distance for our Cellular Universe using a simple and elegant equation.

Large Scale Structure of the Dynamic Steady State Universe (pdf)   How a dual-dynamic space medium sustains the cellular structure (published in AJAA in 2016).
  —Presents the postulates and implications of regional space-medium expansion and contraction.

Cosmic-Scale Structural Features Explained (pdf) (Chapter 2 of original DSSU Manuscript)
—The Spacing of Clusters
—Sheets of Galaxies
—Right-angled Walls of Galaxies.

The Cosmic Background Radiation in the DSSU —The natural explanation of the microwave background radiation applicable to the natural Cellular Universe.

Ellipticity, Its Origin & Progression in Comoving GalaxiesAmerican Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics, AJAA, Vol.3, No.2, 2015.
Journal  Abstract and Links
Local  high-resolution PDF.
HTML version available from AJAA here.
• Provides the first-ever natural explanation for the cause of the elliptical shape of nonrotating galaxies
• Retains the foundation premise of all modern cosmology but rejects the absurd concept of whole-universe expansion
• Takes full advantage of the universe’s cosmic cellular structure and exploits the DSSU theory of unified gravity domains
• Amazingly, the mechanism that stretches galaxies turns out to be the very same mechanism that causes the cosmic spectral redshift!


The Nature of Gravity –How One Factor Unifies Gravity’s Convergent, Divergent, Vortex, and Wave Effects –Published in International Journal of Astrophysics and Space Science (IJASS), Vol.6, No.5, 2018, pp.73-92. (Abstract and Links.) "Revolutionary"

The Nature of Gravitational Collapse
–Published in American Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics Vol.4, No.2, 2016, pp.15-33. (Abstract and Links.)
(Note, there is a typo in AJA&A posted version in the Fig-10 caption. It should read: … acceleration is proportional to 1/r2.)

Gravity and Dark Energy (How they Shape the Universe) –An Introduction. Provides a preamble and overview for a couple of earlier DSSU articles.

The Processes of Gravitation –The Cause and Mechanism of Gravitation by C. Ranzan –A revolutionary paper on gravity published in J. Mod. Phys. Appl. Vol.2014:3 (2014).
(Abstract & Reviews & Links. Includes link to hi-resolution PDF)

Why Copernicus Did Not Need a Force of Gravity —Explores the question of why no one, except Newton, invoked a force. (Rev 2011-9)

First ever, journal-published paper featuring the DSSU:
The Story of Gravity and Lambda –How the Theory of Heraclitus Solved the Dark Matter Mystery –Ranzan
Reprinted by permission of PEP, from Physics Essays, Vol 23, No1, p75-87 (2010 Mar). ABSTRACT
This is the cure for the fallacious belief in cosmic-scale Dark Matter.

The Story of Gravity and Lambda –How the Theory of Heraclitus Solved the Dark Matter Mystery (Color version) –Ranzan Considered "an excellent contribution to the [PE journal]" --professional reviewer (2010).

Unified Gravitation Cells of the DSSU —Constructing the Universe with Cosmic Gravity Cells


Why Einstein Did Not Receive the Nobel Prize for His Theory of Relativity (●Abstract ●Links ●Excerpts ●Extras) —“By 1922 Einstein had been nominated about fifty times —most were for his relativity theories.”

Einstein’s Simple Mathematical Trick –and the Illusion of a Constant Speed of Light  (Abridged version with links to Journal-published version. Posted 2013)

Extended Relativity –Exploiting the Loopholes in Einstein's Relativity. A Logical extension of special relativity. Reprinted by permission of PEP, from Physics Essays Vol.25, No.3 (2012).
Abstract & Links & Reviews

The Three Components of the Speed-of-Light Postulate.  Published in Physics Essays journal Vol.26,No.1 (2013)
Local copy: The Three Components of the Speed-of-Light Postulate (pdf) Absolute vs relative. Variance vs invariance. Another instance of the Heraclitian "Harmony of Opposites." (Reprinted by permission of PEP, from Physics Essays, Vol.26, No.1, 2013).

Relativity of Time in the Aether Medium of the DSSU —Absolute Motion and Intrinsic Time

Resolving a Paradox in Special Relativity –Absolute Motion and the Unified Doppler Equation.
(Posted 2011, July). Reprinted by permission of PEP, from Physics  Essays Vol.23, No.4, p594 (2010). ABSTRACT

How DSSU Relativity Resolves the Speed Paradox (Introductory Discussion)   —Absolute Motion Resolves a (speed) Paradox in Einstein’s Special Relativity. (Supplementary Discussion)

DSSU Relativity –The Lorentz Transformations Applied to Aether-Space (Posted 2011). Reprinted by permission of Physics Essays Publication, Physics  Essays Vol.23, No.3, p520. (2010). ABSTRACT

The Key that Extends Einstein’s Relativity (Part 1) —Response to a reviewer critical of DSSU aether-based relativity
The Key that Extends Einstein’s Relativity (Part 2) —How to convert abstract-space equations into aether-based equations

Restoring the Physical Meaning of Energy
Published in Applied Physics Research journal Vol.5, No.2 (2013).
LOCAL COPY: Restoring the Physical Meaning of Energy —distinguishing between the apparent energy and the real energy of moving mass.

An Open Letter to the Scientific Community
(Published in New Scientist, May 22, 2004)

"The big bang today relies on a growing number of hypothetical entities, things that we have never observed-- inflation, dark matter and dark energy are the most prominent examples. Without them, there would be a fatal contradiction between the observations made by astronomers and the predictions of the big bang theory. In no other field of physics would this continual recourse to new hypothetical objects be accepted as a way of bridging the gap between theory and observation. It would, at the least, raise serious questions about the validity of the underlying theory. ..."  continues ...

A devastating Declaration of opposition to Big Bang cosmology signed by more than 400 Researchers.

Full text: or alternate site.

This website is mainly concerned with revisionism in cosmology. Those of us involved in replacing the unnatural expanding-universe paradigm are aware of the difficulties involved.
   However, other revisionists have unimaginable difficulties. Consider the ongoing persecution of revisionists in other fields of intellectual pursuit: 
"It makes you wonder —about the immense effort being made by State and State-sponsored organizations with budgets of tens of millions of dollars and thousands of employees and associates to smother and punish these few men and women. Every punishing instrument imaginable is used, every vicious slander conceivable, every flagrant and pervasive form of censorship that law allows, including the imprisonment of simple writers for thought crimes against the State. ... Makes you wonder." —Bradley R. Smith (2011)

"Discussing truth is so controversial, so dangerous … In most of the world it is simply illegal.” Gordon Duff, Senior Editor, Veterans Today (2011)

"The further a society drifts from truth the more it will hate those who speak it." –George Orwell

● Pro-Freedom RADIO: Rense Radio
● Pro-Freedom NEWS: Vanguard News
● InfoWars NEWS: InfoWars  |  AlexJones
● Freedom Force Red Pill University for truth-seekers.

DEDICATION: This website is solemnly dedicated to those individuals who have conducted research in their chosen field and have informed others of their inquiries and suffered the consequences when subpoenaed by the Inquisition or some variant thereof. The dedication extends to those individuals currently imprisoned, and those facing trial and persecution simply for exercising their basic human right of freedom of expression supposedly granted to them under the UN Charter of Human Rights.
"Every year, hundreds of writers and other literary professionals around the world are imprisoned, prosecuted, persecuted, attacked, threatened, forced into exile or even murdered as a result of their work."

ALSO: Be aware of the continuing threat to our precious freedom of expression on the Internet. The threat is serious and relentless. It is described as “… the formal effort to mimic Communist China’s system of Internet censorship.” –
More information on threats to internet freedom:

Reporter-journalist Arthur Topham, Canadian victim of the Inquisition, arrested (2012) for posting his research.
“Arthur Topham faces prison time for daring to speak his mind on his own website, as he faces criminal charges under Canada’s hate crimes legislation contained in Section 318 - 320 of the criminal code.” –Rights and Freedoms Bulletin Issue No. 204 Feb 7, 2015.
VERDICT: Arthur Topham found “guilty” AND “not guilty” of hate speech by a brain-dead jury!
 –Dr. James Sears, reporting in “The world’s Largest Anti-Marxist Publication” (Issue 2015 December, NOTE: This website has been taken down by court order pending appeal. --2020)
2016 Update: Panel Discussion on The Trial of Arthur Topham

Free-speech crusader
Bill Whatcott defies British Colombia Human Rights Tribunal efforts to impose gender language tyranny.

“I have no intention on wasting money on a lawyer for the Morgane Oger vs Bill Whatcott case, as human rights tribunals are kangaroo courts and the odds of … getting justice in these biased tribunals is next to zero.” –2017 June ( …)

End of free speech in Britain:

A publisher of history books in Britain has reported that “due to new laws in the UK all their books will have to be censored moving forward” to avoid criminal penalties for “inciting racial hatred.” –The Barnes Review (2020 March/April) p77

A hostile jury, by a hasty unanimous verdict, decided that Nationalist Leader Jez Turner deserves to be sent to jail for his critical views! Report (2018-5-15).

British Maverick Psychologist jailed for publishing his research. … “The ambivalence of librarians getting writers imprisoned quite defies comprehension.” –Simon Sheppard (2013)

The repression of free speech in Canada has degenerated to the point where …

■ Freedom advocates, such as Marc Lemire, are censured for merely expressing their reasoned opinions. Freedomsite, whose motto is “Fighting for freedom against the censorship enforcers”, documents the official persecution.
■ A tenured professor has lost his position for revealing his research and views on history. This is unprecedented. Professor Anthony J. Hall at the University of Lethbridge, Alberta, has been suspended (2016 October 5) without pay.
“… Any thinking person should recognize that there is something deeply wrong when a history professor is persecuted for saying we should be able to examine our history.” –Monika Schaefer 2017
■ A publisher/editor, for expressing his reality-based views, has been denied postal services. Dr. James Sears, publisher and editor of Your Ward News was stripped of Canada Post Mail Service by government order (2016 June).
■ A violin teacher and truth revealer, Monika Schaefer, for posting a video (an apology to her dead mother), has been attacked by various so-called community leaders.

The treatment of violinist Monika Schaefer signals the end of our free and democratic society.” –The American Herald Tribune, 2016 Sept

American Speaker Arrested in Canada for the textual material on his iPad
—2017 June 24
While the invasion continues, the “guardians” of the nation are busy suppressing the freedom of expression: going after deemed violations in what people think and write and say.

Canada Claims Authority to Censor Your Internet Searches –Reason magazine

The Persecution of Dr James Sears

■ The "justice" system is being used to suppress opinions: In a legal battle (2018) for freedom of speech in Canada ... the prosecution and silencing of Dr James Sears expected to cost taxpayers $20 million!

“I estimate the Board of Review, police investigating and Crown prosecuting us on criminal matters, will cost the taxpayers over $20 million, assuming no appeals past 2018 (murderers & rapists will walk free as huge blocks of court time bump their cases, causing them to be thrown out).”
–Dr James Sears, Your Ward News, Fall, 2018, p17

Updates are posted at .
Update for 2019 April 8:  Why the ruling against Your Ward News hurts free speech in Canada
Updates for 2019 Aug: LINK to Several postings.
Update for 2020: Sentenced to one year in jail for revealing the truth.
Update for 2021 July: POLITICAL PRISONER James Sears.

(2021 November 18): The Canadian Association for Free Expression Honours Dr James Sears with the 2021 George Orwell Free Speech Award
● Editor of (anti-Marxist) Your Ward News
● Brilliant satirist, researcher, writer, free speech warrior & dedicated anti-masker
● Recently (Oct 1) released political prisoner

(2022 February): Dr James Sears, Editor of Your Ward News and winner of the 2021 George Orwell Free Speech award, was arrested at GUNPOINT (Feb 3) by three police while leaving his regular appointment with his parole officer. Sears is now back in prison. Protests continue.

The Continuing Struggle for Freedom

A ray of hope in the ongoing struggle for freedom. Populist and nationalist movements around the world are gaining ascendancy over the New World Order’s effort to establish global governance and impose tyrannical control over every last square meter of the Earth’s surface. –The Barnes Review Vol.23 No.1 (2017 Jan p70)

"This Is Very Serious" –S. Molyneux, 2018-7
(7-minute video on the importance of freedom of speech)

The ongoing fight for freedom and truth. –Just Right Media (2020, Sept 18, program)

In repressive Germany:

Ursula Haverbeck, 89, Sentenced to 14 Months in Jail for Heresy! –2017 November
This amazing 89-year-old woman continues advocating under the dictum: "Only the truth will set you free”.
Mrs. Haverbeck, along with her late husband, founded the education facility Collegium Humanum in 1963, but which was banned by the Marxist thought police in 2008.

Update (2018-5-16): Ursula Haverbeck will celebrate her 90th birthday in a German prison cell. The sprightly grandmother is now serving a two-year prison term without parole merely for stating a sincerely held opinion that is supported by acclaimed academics worldwide!!
“Frau Haverbeck is now sentenced to two years in prison, merely for her peaceful historical research” –The Barnes Review Vol.24, No.5 (Sept/Oct 2018) p71

UPDATE (2019-11): On November 9th (2019), the very day of Ursula Haverbeck’s 91st. birthday, hundreds of German nationalists, patriots and friends, well-wishers and admirers rallied in her support. Report on the Rally to Celebrate Political Prisoner Ursula Haverbeck.

Update (2020-12): This 92-year-old peaceful woman has just been released from jail, having spent 2&1/2 years behind bars, and less than 2 weeks later was in court in Berlin for more charges ...  was again sentenced to prison!!!

INFO on Monika Schaefer's case:
For expressing her opinion on historical events, Canadian citizen Monika Schaefer has been arrested and imprisoned (2018-1-3) in Germany. She had committed no crime. Author Mike Walsh warns potential visitors to Germany to stay away from this dangerous police state. –Merkel Madness Grips Germany, (2018-1-7)
... Found guilty and sentenced to 10 months of imprisonment (time served); her brother Alfred was sentenced to 38 months!! –(2018 November)
UPDATE (2019 August 10): Corruption of justice in Germany continues. Alfred Schaefer Receives 18 Months Additional Prison Time for Defending Himself!  Punished for simply presenting evidence for his own defense in court!

The 2022 George Orwell Free Speech Award was presented to Alfred and Monika Schaefer, July 30, 2022 in Vancouver.
A Response & Appreciation of the Awards to Monika & Alfred Schaefer, by Timothy Cuish of the Daily Rake.

For more on Freedom (and Objectivism),
Freedomain Radio (
presented by Stefan Molyneux.

 Just Right Media (

... about the author ...

Curriculum Vitae

© Copyright 2005-2023 by
Conrad RanzanDSSU Research
  For information regarding permission to reproduce selected material herein, please contact:

D S S U  Research
Niagara Falls, Canada
22 years on the Internet.
Most recent update: 2023 Jan 6

Visits since mid-2010 : Hit Counter


Einstein’s Simple Mathematical Trick
–and the Illusion of a Constant Speed of Light

Conrad Ranzan

Abridged version of an article published in Applied Physics Research Vol.5, No.4, 2013
(websites: & )



1. Introduction
2. Basic Motion
3. How Einstein achieves the illusion of lightspeed INVARIANCE
4. How Nature Achieves the Illusion of Lightspeed Invariance
5. In the Real World
6. Conclusion



As Einstein regarded the situation, the [aether] experiments, seemed to indicate a "conspiracy" on the part of nature against man's efforts to obtain knowledge of the physical world,
–Science writer Lillian R. Lieber (1945)



1.   Introduction

In the real world aether exists and serves as the conducting medium of light waves.

Pay no attention to the contrary assertion in your high school and college texts which invariably state that there is no such thing as aether. The aether is described as just an old discarded concept; strictly 19th-century voodoo science. Do, however, pay attention to what is written in the research articles of the various physics journals. It is now commonly accepted that the Universe is permeated by aether (a generic term for the space medium). While the existence of aether is not at issue, the properties of aether are subject to considerable debate.

Also understand that most professionals are embarrassed to actually use the term “aether” with its negative historical connotations. They prefer to use more exotic terms such as quantum foam, cosmic substratum, dynamic three-space, background substructure, and others. … Can’t really blame them. It is entirely understandable. Imagine having to acknowledge that you had it all wrong; and that your profession had it wrong for almost 100 years!  This is embarrassing to say the least.

2.  Basic Motion

The most fundamental equation of motion is

(distance traveled) = (speed) × (interval of time).

And when rearranged,

(interval of time) = (distance) ÷ (speed),  or

.                              (2-1)

Consider an airplane making a two-way crossing of a lake on a windy day. (See Fig. 1.) The time-of-travel going with the wind will obviously be shorter than the travel time for the crossing going against the wind. It is simply because the plane is flying with a constant speed with respect to the air, but the air itself is moving with respect to the Earth’s surface, including the lake.


Fig. 1.   In the presence of the atmospheric wind, the plane's flight time going from A to B is less than the time going from B to A. (υp is the air-speed of the plane.)


During the outbound crossing the speed is, in our example, (υPLANE + υAIR). And, during the return flight, assuming the wind has not changed, the speed must be (υPLANEυAIR). Here υPLANE is the plane’s speed with respect to the surrounding air. (And υAIR is the atmospheric wind with respect to the Earth reference frame.)

All you need to understand is that the plane moves at some FIXED speed through the air, while the air itself also moves (as “wind”).

Here are the equations of motion for the flights between runways A and B (as labeled in Fig. 1):

.               (2-2)

Simple enough. Anyway, the propagation of light waves through the aether works in the same way. … Yes, I know what you were taught; but just follow along with me.

Light waves pass through the aether —that is, they are conducted by the aether— with a fixed speed of about 300,000 kilometers per second. In shorthand, c = 300,000 km/s. (Note that symbol “c” is not a variable, it represents a constant of Nature.) Meanwhile the aether itself may be in motion —a motion historically called the aether wind.

We now consider a light pulse beaming outward across the lake, and then being reflected back to the starting point. We have a lightspeed round trip from A to B, then back across to A. See Fig. 2.


Fig. 2.   As a consequence of the "aether wind", the travel time of the light pulse going from A to B is less than the time going from B to A.


Obviously the two time intervals will be different:

  .                         (2-3)

This means that the speed of the light pulse is not the same for the two directions. Speed (c + υa) is not the same as speed (c – υa).

Now here comes the good part. I will show how Einstein makes the speed of light the same (constant) for both directions. Then later, I will detail how Nature actually makes it appear that the speed of light is constant!

3.  How Einstein Achieves the Illusion of Lightspeed INVARIANCE

Einstein uses a simple procedure to make the speed of light constant.

First he deems the two travel times to be identical. That’s right, as if by magic.

In his own words:

“… we establish by definition that the “time” required by light to travel from A to B equals the “time” it requires the light to travel from B to A.”

(From Einstein’s famous 1905 paper, page 40)

He simply declares,  (∆timeA to B ) = (∆timeB to A ).

Which is the same as setting:

 .                           (3-1)

Essentially, this makes υa equal to zero. (Just solve the equation for υa and you will find that υa = 0.) It is in the application of his definition that Einstein disconnects from the real world and makes any speed with respect to aether equal to zero! (In effect, he declares aether to be non-existent!)

Now comes the math part of the illusion. Einstein has a core definition for the fundamentally important concepts of time interval and simultaneity. See the adjacent textbox.

And Einstein uses it in the simple mathematical trick to achieve the illusion of a constant speed of light:

From his core definition of time interval and simultaneity, a pulse’s travel time from A to B is,


Einstein’s Core Definition and Averaging Procedure

Einstein recognized that, in a discussion at this fundamental level, the intuitive notion of time intervals (say, between events at different places) is inadequate. And so, he devised an operational definition of simultaneity and time-interval at different places as follows: Suppose time-intervals at different points (points A and B) of a given coordinate system are measured by clocks of similar construction; we may then synchronize these clocks by means of light signals. A emits a light ray at time tA by A’s clock, it is received and reflected by B at time tB by B’s clock, and returns to A at t′A by A’s clock. Then B’s time tB is defined to be simultaneous with A’s time ½(t′A + tA).  [1]

 Essentially, this says a light pulse’s travel time ∆tAB , from A to B, is:

    ∆tAB = ½ (∆timeA to B  + ∆timeB to A );

And, similarly

     ∆tBA = ½ (∆timeB to A + ∆timeA to B ).

This is deviously clever: ∆tAB is made equal to ∆tBA —even for cases when ∆timeA to B does NOT equal ∆timeB to A !!  Check it for yourself. Try it with some test values. It's foolproof !

Time A to B = ½ (∆timeA to B  + ∆timeB to A ).                 (3-2)

But from the basic motion equation (see above) a pulse’s travel time is

 .                                                (3-3)

Therefore, combining (3-2) and (3-3)

(Distance) ÷ (pulse speed) = ½ (∆tA to B + ∆tB to A ) .     (3-4)

Substituting expressions (for ∆tA to B and ∆tB to A) from (2-3)


Apply Einstein’s definition —the one that makes υa equal to zero, and:


Which simplifies to

pulse speed = c .

The same argument, of course, applies to the travel time in the opposite direction, from B to A. And so regardless of the magnitude of the aether wind, the observed speed of light should always be c.

This remarkable mathematical illusion became enshrined in Einstein’s second postulate, making the speed of light invariant for any non-accelerating observer.

But what about the real world?

4.  How Nature Achieves the Illusion of Lightspeed Invariance

In the real world ∆tAB does not equal ∆tBA !  And yet amazingly the speed of a light pulse still appears to be invariant!

Brace yourself for some real magic. As for the mathematics, I promise nothing more complicated than basic algebra.

 We again start with the basic equation of motion


 The “measured speed” that we are interested in is the apparent speed of the light pulse:

  .                              (4-1)

 Consider the set-up shown in Fig. 3. Ignore the impracticality of trying to use a stopwatch to time the round-trip motion of a light pulse; simply focus on the equation for the apparent speed of light and the two effects that influence it.


Fig. 3.   Method for measuring the speed of light. We already know that the speed of the light pulse is constant c with respect to aether. But what is the measured (the apparent) speed of the light pulse?


Now if we are not careful here we might be tempted to replace ∆t with the sum of the two expressions from Eq. (2-3). But we would get the wrong answer —meaning disagreement with actual experimental results.

The reality is that we must take into consideration the affect that the aether wind has on the rigid platform and on the clock.

The pulse being measured has an absolute speed c with respect to aether. The speed υa is the flow of the aether itself (this is the same as saying that the apparatus frame, in Fig. 3, is moving through the aether with absolute speed υa). Now, to be consistent, object-length D and clock-time t must likewise be expressed in terms of their motion through aether. In other words, they must be expressed in their aether-altered form.

To be consistent with “absolute” c and “absolute” υa, everything on the equation’s right side, the apparent length and apparent time-interval, must be converted into intrinsic terms. This means that both length contraction and clock slowing must be taken into account.


The problem of measuring the motion-induced contraction of rigid objects: The problem is that the length of objects (such as that of the platform in Fig. 3) is not something that can be measured directly. If one attempts a carpenter’s method of using a standardized meter stick, one would find that the particular length being checked will always measure the same value —regardless of motion: the numeric value will be the same whether performed while at absolute rest with respect to the aether or while moving at some significant fraction of the speed of light. Keep in mind there is NO Einsteinean relative motion here; the carpenter-experimenter, the meter-stick, and the apparatus-platform are all moving together.

Incidentally, only object dimensions in the direction of motion are actually contracted and NOT spatial lengths.[2]

If one wants to know the actual contracted length, one must do the calculation. The formula is [3]

Dcontracted = Dapparent / γ ,

Dapp = (Dcon) γ .                     (4-2)

The conversion expression we need for length is (from textbox, above)

Dapp = (Dcon) γ .                                    (4-2)

Where γ is the gamma factor, γ = 1 / (1− υa2/c2 )1/2, also known as the Lorentz factor. In the form 1/γ it is known as the contraction factor. Notice that it contains the aether-referenced speed υa. For the derivation, see The Physical Nature of Length Contraction.[4]  What is quite interesting, and not well known, is that clock slowing (due to absolute motion) is caused by length contraction (see textbox, below) and for this reason the gamma factor also appears in the time-interval conversion.

And the conversion expression [5] we need for time is

treal = γ tapp.slow , or 

tapp.slow = treal /γ .                            (4-3)

(The “apparent slow” time is always less than, or equal to, the “real” absolute-rest time. Note that γ is always greater than, or equal to, one. But don’t worry about γ, it cancels out in the end.) Next, we apply the conversions (4-2) and (4-3) to expression (4-1), now properly subscripted,

 ;                           (4-4)

.        (4-5)

The real round-trip time, when expressed with the real velocities shown in Fig. 3, is,


.                           (4-6)

Which then allows Eq. (4-5) to be simplified to:

.             (4-7)

The apparent speed of light equals c, which is a constant (and has the well-known value of about 300,000 km/s).

Thus, it is the contraction of object length and the slowing of clocks that gives us the remarkable illusion of the constancy of the speed of light under the conditions just described.

The illusion depends entirely on length contraction:
The illusion depends on the aether wind via the length-contraction factor. But what about the time measured by the clock(s), you ask? . . . It turns out that the slowing of clocks is the direct result of length contraction within the components of the particular clock —no matter what components are involved (even the atomic-scale parts of atomic clocks, even bio-tissue of a beating heart).*

Thus, the illusion of the constant speed of light (in our example of non-relative motion, with everything being in the same reference frame) is caused solely by the real phenomenon of length contraction.

* There is one exception whereby it is possible to have a clock that “slows” without invoking length contraction: a so-called light-clock in which the light pulses travel perpendicular to the direction of motion. No length contraction is involved. Nevertheless, the “ticking” rate will agree perfectly with an identical light-clock oriented so that the path of the light-pulses is aligned with the direction of motion.

So, what then is the secret behind the magic of this illusion? …Well, the illusion only works when a two-way light-path method is used. Note, however, that the two-way light-path method is not always obvious.  Imagine, for example, a one-way light-path set-up. The light pulse is timed from the moment it departs from distant point B to the split-second instant it is received by the observer at A. For this to work the clocks at A and B must obviously be synchronized. And there’s the catch. You see, in order to synchronize those clocks, one has to follow Einstein’s defined procedure (see textbox, above, Einstein’s Averaging Procedure). And doing so requires a two-way light-path method. There really is no other way. It’s a catch 22, if you will.

The result is a built-in, cleverly hidden, synchronization error; and the illusion of invariance still holds. It still fools the audience.

But in the real world …

5.  In the Real World

The astute reader, at this point, might claim that the above analysis of Fig. 3 could also be interpreted as proof that Einstein was right; that υa equals zero, or even that there is no aether and no aether wind.

But no, that interpretation is not an option. It is not an option because the one-way speed of light has been shown, by actual experiments, to be VARIANT. That is, the propagation speed of the pulse from A to B is NOT the same as the speed from B to A.

This difference can only arise in the presence of a light-conducting aether which is in motion!

In the real world the actual one-way speed of light
 is not constant.

Notwithstanding the observable illusion described in the previous section, the real world speed of light is not invariant. In the real world the actual one-way speed of light VARIES with the aether wind!

Here is a selection of the experimental evidence and supporting theory. The experiments detailed by the various authors somehow manage to overcome Einstein’s clock-synchronization problem which usually contaminates one-way lightspeed measurements. [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13]

One such experiment, the Marinov (1974, 1977a, 1980b) coupled-mirrors experiment, has been described as “one of the most brilliant and ingenious experiments of all time. It measures the very small quantity υ/c, where υ is the absolute velocity of the observer, by using very clever stratagems.” The coupled-mirrors experiment demonstrated that the absolute velocity of the solar system is of the order of 300 ±20 km/sec, and that the speed of light is (− υ) in the direction of motion of the solar system, and (υ) in the opposite direction.[14]

6.  Conclusion

Whether you are a student or a teacher or a researcher, pay close attention.

Here’s the bottom line: Your textbooks are wrong. The glaring factual error in most textbooks is the claim, “It is impossible to detect our motion relative to the aether.” Also in error is the claim that the famous Michelson-Morley experiment had a “null result”. The truth is, Albert Michelson and Edward Morley back in 1887 did measure an aether wind —it was merely less than had been expected. They had simply failed to take into account the physical length contraction of their apparatus, (a phenomenon of which they were unaware at the time).

The fact is, lightspeed invariance is merely an illusion. The illusion depends on the measuring method.

What you need to know is that the ONE-WAY speed of light has long been proven to be non-constant. (References: [6] to [14] )

The one-way speed of light is not what Einstein’s postulate says it is.

* * * *

LINKS to the full-length printable research paper (which addresses the question of How Nature Achieves the Illusion Even Without Rigid-platform Length-contraction, when there is no length contraction between measuring point A and reflection point B):

Journal published:
C. Ranzan, Einstein’s Simple Mathematical Trick –and the Illusion of a Constant Speed of Light,
Applied Physics Research Vol.5, No.4, p85, (2013 Aug); Doi:

(Download PDF)

This article is an open-access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

References and Notes

  1. ^ Mary B. Hesse,  Forces and Fields (a study of action at a distance in the history of physics) (Littlefield, Adams & Co., Totown, New Jersey, 1965) p231
  2. ^ Joseph Lévy,  From Galileo to Lorentz... and Beyond, Principles of a Fundamental Theory of Space and Time (Published by C. Roy Keys Inc., Montreal, Canada, 2003) “It should be pointed out that according to the Lorentz assumptions, it is matter that is contracted, not space.” –Lévy p41
  3. ^ C. Ranzan,  DSSU Relativity –The Lorentz Transformations Applied to Aether-Space.  Physics Essays Vol.23, No.3, p520 (2010) Posted at:
  4. ^ C. Ranzan,  The Physical Nature of Length Contraction –the DSSU Theory of Length Contraction Induced by Absolute Motion. (2012) Posted at:
  5. ^ C. Ranzan,  DSSU Relativity –The Lorentz Transformations Applied to Aether-Space.  Physics Essays Vol.23, No.3, p520 (2010) Posted at:
  6. ^ F. Selleri,  Noninvariant one-way velocity of lightFound. Phys 26, 641-664, 1996. Posted at:  
  7. ^ S.J.G. Gift, One-Way Light Speed Determination Using the Range Measurement Equation of the GPS.
    Posted at:
  8. ^  S.J.G. Gift, One-Way Light Speed Measurement Using the Synchronized Clocks of the Global Positioning System (GPS), Physics Essays, Vol.23, No.2, pp271-275, June 2010
  9. ^  S.J.G. Gift, Light Speed Invariance is a Remarkable Illusion, Physics Essays Vol.23, 1, 2010
  10. ^  S.J.G. Gift, Doppler Shift Reveals Light Speed Variation, Apeiron, Vol.17, 13, 2010
  11. ^  S.J.G. Gift, The Relative Motion of the Earth and the Ether Detected, Journal of Scientific Exploration Vol.20, 201, 2006
  12. ^ A. Kelly,  Challenging Modern Physics (BrownWalker Press, Florida, 2005)
  13. ^ M. Sato,  The Velocity of Electromagnetic Wave is Observed Differently Depending on the Observer’s Velocity, Physics Essays, Vol.23, 405, 2010
  14. ^ J. Lévy,  From Galileo to Lorentz... and Beyond, Principles of a Fundamental Theory of Space and Time (C. Roy Keys Inc., Montreal, Canada, 2003) p49


Top of page            Back to DSSU Home Page 

Copyright © 2005-2023
All rights reserved.
  C. Ranzan Email:
  Site updated: 23-01-06