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(In reverse chronological order)

(2021 September 18):
War against civilization: The truth is out: The Covid-19 vaccine IS the real pathogen! “It’s a stealth weapon in an entirely new kind of war; a war aimed at restructuring the global order and establishing absolute social control.” –

(2021 September 10): Currently two DSSU research articles are being peer reviewed.

Suicidal decline of Western civilization: “Given that the PPC is Canada’s only federal party on the Right, those who proclaim to believe in the values of ‘life, liberty and property’ have only one choice in this election: the People’s Party of Canada.” –Robert Metz (2021-9-2)

   I predict that the majority of Canadian voters (with the election on Sept 20) will reject this sensible choice. They simply do not sufficiently value ‘life, liberty and property’ —the three essentials for Freedom. And so, sadly, the decline continues. –C.R.

(2021 August 20): It’s a special day. Today marks the 20th anniversary of the founding of DSSU cosmology. It is also the 20th anniversary of the passing of the greatest astrophysicist of the 20th century, Sir Fred Hoyle (1915-2001). The original plan was to celebrate this date by announcing the greatest discovery to emerge from DSSU theory. Unfortunately, but not unexpectedly, the Manuscript detailing the discovery was rejected. The reason? The Reviewer alleges, and the journal Editor concurs, that the historic Michelson-Morley experiment as a detection of aether was fraudulent! Furthermore, these gatekeepers firmly believe that aether does not exist! So, despite Albert Michelson having received the Nobel Prize in Physics for his precision measurements of light, this Reviewer, who claims to be a PhD physicist, considers those experiments fraudulent! … Conclusion: Yes, another FAKE review.

Suicidal decline of Western civilization: “Canadian writer and newspaperman will remain in jail as a political prisoner, a non-violent prisoner of conscience in a Cultural Marxist ruled country that praises “diversity” but detests “diversity” of opinion.” –[LINK]

(2021 July): We finally have a proper scientific theory of the Universe.

An unprecedented development in the long history of cosmology. The conservation of energy mechanism applicable to our Universe has been discovered. Press Release 2021-7

Suicidal decline of Western civilization: "What we here in the Unites States and in Europe are actually witnessing is the planned destruction of Western civilization. It is no accident." ... "Every step in the decline of Western culture has been planned for years. It started in Germany in the early years of the 20th century. Germany was the original target of the Communists." –The Barnes Review, 2021 July/Aug Editorial.

Canadian philosopher Stefan Molyneux wrote in his Freedomain Update for 2021-7-4: “… people believe what they want to believe, facts don't seem to matter much anymore, rational arguments get banished from public discourse —and it looks like people are going to have to learn about the dangers of totalitarianism through suffering, since they will not learn through history, reason, evidence or morality.”

(2021 June 18): Part 6 of the Laws of Physics 20th-Century Scientists Overlooked has finally been ACCEPTED for publication.

Meanwhile, after 9 long weeks, Part 7 has successfully passed the review process. One Reviewer stated, “Interesting logical arguments … assembled in a very well drafted and readable manuscript.” … An “excellent manuscript.” The other Reviewer reported no problems with the Paper.
So, what was the Editors decision? … REJECT. Decision final. No reason given. No justifying comments. Thus, truth once again has been censored!

(2021 May 14): SUMMARY of the evidence in the ongoing war against freedom and Western Civilization: JustRightMedia Podcast. (When listening, do recognize and disregard the anti-German bias evident in the references to the fake Hollywood version of history.)

(2021 May 7): I was born in a police state (Communist East Germany); and now I find myself living in another police state —Communist Canada! … No, I’m not surprised, saw it coming for many decades, but I am always amazed. It is a matter of knowing the nature of the beast. –CR
    This week Robert Metz focused on Winning Back Our Freedom—and why philosophy matters as he presents the compelling case that, as “demonstrated many times in the past, the political world is and has always been ruled by minorities. ‘Majorities’ always follow, they never lead.

(2021 April 16): Civilization regresses: WARNING: UNDRIP, United Nations, and the Globalists’ huge land grab! JustRightMedia Program #702

(2021 April 9): Cosmology advances:
Part 5 has been accepted for publication.
Part 7, just completed, is now under review.

Civilization regresses:

Many of those driving globalist lockdown agendas have been described as psychopaths, sociopaths, or just plain evil. There is plenty of evidence to support all three descriptions. But how is one to judge those who follow and support the tyrannical measures devised by this handful of deranged collectivists? … Of course, in any objective sense, evil must be understood to refer to those human thoughts and actions that lead to the intentional destruction of the self or others. With Life as the standard of the Good, Death becomes at once the symbol, the objective, and the consequence of the moral vacuum that creates Evil itself.
 –Fear no evil—Make evil fear you (JustRight #701; 2021-4-8)
(Except for the anti-German clichés and misleading historical propaganda, this is an excellent program.)

(2021 March 12): The enemies of truth and promoters of unreality continue to be active in astrophysics and cosmology. FIVE journals have now refused to publish Part 5, with its irrefutable proof …
And they are active in our decaying society:

   “Benjamin Franklin warned that It is the first responsibility of every citizen to question authority; while Albert Einstein noted that Blind belief in authority is the greatest enemy of truth.
   Together, these words of wisdom go a long way towards explaining our dystopian unreality. For the past year or so, we have all been subjected to fake propaganda spewed by a fake news media about a fake pandemic designed to scare people into getting a fake vaccine. Talk about ‘unreality’!”
–Robert Metz (JustRightMedia, 2021-3-11)

(2021 Feb 13,14,&15): Commemorating the 76th anniversary of the greatest terrorist event/action in the long history of mankind —the Dresden HELLSTORM. The tragic event —a truly epic testimony of evil— occurred in 1945. The victims were the long-suffering German people.

(2021 Feb 5): Newly posted:
Directory of DSSU Articles and Resources

(2021 Jan 29): Question regarding the Higgs field versus DSSU aether.

Part 6 is currently undergoing review.

(2021 January 22):"Law of physics 20th-century scientists overlooked (Part 4): Mass Extinction by Aether Deprivation" has been published in JHEPGC, Vol.7, No.1. Link to Abstract & Article.
MEANWHILE, (Part 5) in this series of articles contains a proof so toxic that three astrophysics journals have refused to publish it !!

(2021 January 8):Nothing in the mainstream media is trustworthy.”
   “No one has ever been so thoroughly evil as the politicians and scientists promoting the corona-virus fakes around the world. Never before have people been lied to so thoroughly and consistently with such evil purposes as we have been lied to by our present totalitarian genocidal government. Make no mistake, this is genocide. The covid-19 fraud, the lockdown, and the abandonment of the elderly and the sick are resulting in the deaths of millions. In the UK the National Health Service has become the National Death Service.”
   “We are ruled by a bunch of traitors who have sold our birthright …”
   “How did they [the British people] fall for so many lies? Where is their courage?”
   “Unless we fight hard with determination, the year ahead, 2021, will be the last we live as free men and women. That’s not rhetoric, it’s fact!”
Dr Vernon Coleman, 2021 Jan 2, audio clip, This is Genocide.
Transcribed from Just Right Media: The great reckoning 2021

(2020 December 12): "Law of physics 20th-century scientists overlooked (Part 4): Mass Extinction by Aether Deprivation" has been accepted for journal publication.
Part 5 is currently under review.
Part 6 is currently being prepared.

(2020 November): The Globalists’ agenda of tyranny continues: ● Fascism   ● Fraud on a scale “beyond the average person’s ability to even conceptualize”

(2020-11-12): Congratulations to America for the landslide re-election of President Donald Trump!
(2020-11-12): I highly recommend listening to broadcaster Robert Metz’s assessment:

(2020 September 18): Law of physics 20th-century scientists overlooked … Part 4 is currently under review … Part 5 is being prepared.
(2020 September 4): “Governments are in fear of the people they lied to!” as the scope of the pandemic fraud is uncovered. … “One tragic statistic [is] the ‘cases’ of people who are suffering and dying directly as a consequence of the lockdowns and fascist rules of disassociation. That will soon change as the public slowly awakens to the true nature and scale of a crime wrought solely by their own politicians.” –Just Right Media (2020-9-3)

(2020 August 21): “[T]he whole COVID-19 pandemic has been an orchestrated fraud from the very beginning. Worse, it is a political/criminal conspiracy, comprised of politicians, government health officials, the mainstream media, and various corporate interests. … It’s remarkable how many people remain unaware that, thanks to the COVID-19 conspiracy, parts of Australia have been turned into a literal police state, no different from communist China.” –Just Right Media (2020-8-20)

(2020 August 14): New article: Law of Physics 20th-Century Scientists Overlooked (Part 2): Energy Generation via Velocity Differential Blueshift. Published in Physics Essays Vol.33. No.3, pp289-298 (2020). Reprint.

New article: Law of Physics 20th-Century Scientists Overlooked (Part 3): Noninteraction Mass-to-Energy Conversion. Published in International Journal of High Energy Physics. Vol.7, No.1, pp.19-31 (2020).

(2020 July 31): The enslavement continues. “Actions taken by world governments in managing the fake COVID-19 crisis have employed documented techniques used in the psychological torture of prisoners. And the objective is the same: submission.” –Just Right Media Program: COVID-19's new world disorder

(2020 July 23): The facts are in. The entire “COVID-19 pandemic” fiasco was a fascist fraud! … It’s all about freedom-hating politicians and power-drunk bureaucrats demanding our submission. Given the enormity of the damage caused by their direct actions, these oppressors should be charged with high crimes and treason. –Just Right Media program #664

(2020 July 10): TWO new articles have been accepted for journal publication.

Author's Curriculum Vitae has now been posted.

(2020 May 29): Now published: "Natural Cause of Galaxy Rotation" now appears in the American Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics. Revolutionary. Press Release.

(2020 May 22): Now published: Law of Physics 20th-Century Scientists Overlooked (Part 1) … –The historic failure of scientists to recognize this law led to a momentous misinterpretation of Edwin Hubble’s redshift observations. Their oversight of a remarkable simple principle connecting light and gravity had revolutionary consequences —it gave birth to the preposterous expanding universe concept. Find out exactly why the big bang hypothesis has no scientific foundation. Abstract. Pdf download. Reprinted by permission of PEP, from Physics Essays, Vol.33, No.2, pp163-174 (2020 June).

(2020 May 7): Updates on the tyranny and enslavement:
“Pandemic parallels: The COVID-19 climate changer” –Just Right program #653

David Duke interviews Dr. Anthony G. Beck who has been “practicing integrated medicine for 26 years … and has been researching the coronavirus.” –Radio program 2020 May 5

“This is no longer a viral pandemic. It is a political, economic, and social disaster, made possible by decades of drifting morally, intellectually, and politically Leftward. Fueled by the evil and inverted morality of altruism, the Left condemns the ‘selfishness’ of those who wish to independently survive and praises the ‘sacrifice’ of those forced to give up their livelihoods and freedoms.” –The COVID-19 credibility gap (Just Right program #652)

(2020 April 30): Never imagined it would be so easy to enslave the masses of the world. The global puppet masters must surely be laughing and, no doubt, are wondering why so relatively few of the victims are fighting back or even resisting! Sadly, there are simply too many gullible people. Professor James McCanney sums up the situation, “People have been watching football and beauty pageants while their country has been stolen from them in the background. … Welcome to the New World Order!” –Science Hour, 2020 April 23, radio program (@44:25 min mark). Although Professor McCanney is wrong about many things, he most certainly understands the nature of the enemy.

Meanwhile: The revolutionary research into the "Natural Cause of Galaxy Rotation" has been accepted for publication in the American Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics.

(2020 April 10): Year after year our freedoms were incrementally taken away. Now, as of March/April 2020, we live in a police state. Robert Metz of Just Right Media reports on the dire situation: Program #648 and Program #649

(2020 April 3):Whatever the “problem”, governments seemingly always make it worse.
Just Right Media Program #648 (2020-4-2): “First, we were faced with a coronavirus health pandemic. Then, world governments created a second crisis by shutting down their economies and precipitating an unemployment pandemic and a financial pandemic. Now, it appears that we have a serious COVID-19 ‘statistics crisis,’ which may in the end be the one most responsible for precipitating all the fear and panic … There is also evidence surfacing that the statistics are being manipulated to present a false picture of the situation.”

(2020 March 27): Freedom fades, tyranny advances:
History has repeatedly demonstrated that government-declared emergencies are too often simply a justification for violating individual freedom. History also demonstrates that the violation of life, liberty and property kills —and has killed— more people than any flu virus ever has. What needs to be spread is a ‘virus’ of liberty, not a pandemic of government control.” –Just Right Media, 2020 March 26 program

(2020 March 20): According to Professor James McCanney, corona-virus tests are giving results that are 80% false positive. He also reports that “China is back to normal.” Link to his radio program of 2020 March 19 (and March 26).

(2020 March 6): Local Webpage was reformatted and its technical problems were fixed. See
The Story of a Baffling Omission in Modern Cosmology.

(2020 Feb 14): February 14-16 marks the 75th anniversary of the senseless and diabolical destruction of Dresden (in 1945). An event that should always be remembered.
Killed a hundred thousand civilians in two hours

(2020 January 31) Latest DSSU research paper is currently under review: This one deals with the natural cause of galaxy rotation. Motivated by the recent awarding of the Nobel Prize to James Peebles for, in part, “how galaxies have formed and evolved.”

ANNOUNCEMENTS & comments from earlier years are available HERE.


The Nature of Gravitational Collapse

Subtitle: How the photon, the particle of light, is responsible for mass, gravity, superneutron stars, and supermassive black holes

—Reveals the truth about stellar and supermassive black holes.

This work contains 311+ pages, 67 illustrations, references, and index. …
Second printing details (2017 November)
First printing details (Lambert Academic Publishing, 2017 July)

Guide to the Construction of the Natural Universe

Participate in a unique exploration of the Cosmos: venture into the sub-atomic realm, even into the sub-quantum realm where the roots of reality reside, and into the domain of cosmic-scale cell-structure and beyond to infinity. Along the way, discover the cause of mass, the cause of gravitation, and rediscover Einstein’s “nonponderable” aether and Heraclitus’ harmony-of-opposites principle. … The book represents the ultimate vindication for all the skeptics who resisted the "preposterous" Big Bang mythology and who refused to join the exploding-cosmos religion.
The book contains 317 pages, 61 illustrations, references, and index …
Available from C-FAR Books.
Or use this mail-in Order Form.
(Also available at  Niagara Falls Public Library)


Mass-to-Energy Conversion, the Astrophysical Mechanism –Published in Journal of High Energy Physics, Gravitation and Cosmology, Vol.5, No.2 (2019). HTML version.

Nature’s Supreme Mechanism for Energy Extraction from Nonmaterial Aether –Published in Infinite Energy Magazine Vol.24, Issue#144 (2019 March/April)

The Nature of Gravity –How One Factor Unifies Gravity’s Convergent, Divergent, Vortex, and Wave Effects –Published in the International Journal of Astrophysics and Space ScienceVol.6, No.5, 2018.
Natural Mechanism for the Generation and Emission of Extreme Energy Particles –Published in Physics Essays Vol.31, No.3, p358 (2018). (Reprint)
Sachs-Wolfe Effect Disproof –Published in the International Journal of Astrophysics and Space Science, Vol.6, No.1, 2018. ( Abstract & Links.)

"The Nature of Gravitational Collapse"
–Published in American Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics. ( Abstract and Links.)
(Note, there is a typo in AJA&A posted version in the Fig-10 caption. It should read: … acceleration is proportional to 1/r2.)

Glossary of Terms used in Cosmology and Astrophysics with particular emphasis on DSSU theory.
(Opens in separate Window or Tab)


Mysteries & Paradoxes that Plague Standard Cosmology  (Updated 2015-7)

Cosmology Crisis of 1998 (Revised 2015-5)

Critique of Conventional Cosmology ... comments relating to the 'preposterous' expanding-universe paradigm.
Bafflement —the remarkable admission of a physicist.
The Cosmology Debate That Never Happened   —During the 20th century there was a decades-long debate: The cataclysmic expanding universe VS the stable expanding universe. But there has never been a debate of the dynamic expanding universe VS the dynamic non-expanding universe. (Posted 2011 Oct)

Models of the Universe —Historical, Expanding, and Cellular universes. INCLUDES USEFUL TABLES FOR COMPARING THEORIES.

The Universe Is Infinite (Part 1) —overcoming a "central" problem of cosmology theories.

The Universe Is Infinite (Part 2) —an explanation of how the universe can always have existed and will always exist.

DSSU, The Non-Expanding Universe: Structure, Redshift, Distance —A long sought-after goal of astrophysicists has been a formulation of cosmic distance that is independent of the speed of light. The goal has now been achieved. The present Paper details the surprisingly simple distance expression and its validating agreement with Supernova data.

Why Copernicus Did Not Need a Force of Gravity —Explores the question of why no one, except Newton, invoked a force. (Re-Posted February, 2014)

Gravity and Lambda —A Story of Opposites (.htm) —A story of opposites in harmony. Key differences between the Conventional Cosmology and the New Cosmology are presented.

Dynamic Cosmic Cell —The Structural Component of the DSSU —Animated image and discussion of the self-sustaining, self-balancing system.

Why Einstein Did Not Receive the Nobel Prize for His Theory of Relativity —“By 1922 Einstein had been nominated about fifty times —most were for his relativity theories.”

Questions & Answers & Comments


(2016 June) FREE DOWNLOAD details:
DSSU Validated by Redshift Theory and Structural Evidence
, Physics Essays, Vol.28, No.4, p455-473 (2015 Dec) —Delivers the coup de grâce to the Big Bang. Abstract & Links.
Both Reviewers enthusiastically endorsed this "well-written and incisive article."

The Dynamic Steady State Universe.
This work brings together the main pieces of the cosmic puzzle in a step-by-step construction of the Natural Universe. Published in Physics Essays Vol.27 No.2 (2014 June issue) (PDF download)  "... the arguments are well-made. The article is competent, enjoyable and readable." —Reviewer for Physics Essays Journal

Olbers’ Paradox Resolved for the Infinite Non-Expanding Universe
, American Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics Vol.4, No.1, (2016 January). Abstract & links. Reprint PDF.
● “The man accredited with discovering universe expansion did not believe that the universe was expanding. Hubble was convinced that the key evidence, the cosmic redshift, was caused by some other factor, something more fundamental than mere expansion.”
● “With the recent discovery of a new cosmic-redshift mechanism, and its theoretical validation, it turns out that Hubble was right.”
● Explains how “an infinite, non-expanding, perpetually regenerating universe" is able to predict a dark night sky.

Cosmic Redshift in the Nonexpanding Cellular Universe  ( Journal links ) —details the actual causal mechanism. Published in the American Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics, Vol.2, No.5 (2014) Abstract.
Local copy with quality images: (Reprint pdf).
• Entirely new concept for cosmic redshift mechanism;
• Retains the foundation premise of all modern cosmology;
• But does not require whole-universe expansion;
• A redshift based on the DSSU theory of unified gravity & cosmic cellular structure;
• Remarkable agreement with independently established redshift distances.

The Cosmology Debate That Never Happened
What historians call "the greatest cosmological debate in history” was between TWO  expanding universes —two hypothetical models that share the same, I repeat, the same foundational property! If one is to claim some great clash of ideas (let alone the "greatest") then surely there must exist some deep dividing difference! (Posted 2011-10)

The Case for a Cellular Universe
—the Story of a Baffling Omission in Modern Cosmology    (Rev2014)

Large-Scale Structure of the Dynamic Steady State Universe published in the American Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol.4, No.6, 2016, pp.65-77. Astract and Links.
■ Presents the first 2 of the 4 main postulates that define the DSSU.
■ Space-medium expansion and contraction are perpetually held in balance, thus ensuring a non-expanding universe.
■ Explains how the two dynamic processes of the DSSU’s space medium sustain the cellular structure responsible for the pattern of matter distribution in our Universe.

Galaxy Morphology:

Ellipticity, Its Origin & Progression in Comoving Galaxies,  American Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics, AJAA, Vol.3, No.2, 2015.
Journal  Abstract and Links.
Local  high-resolution PDF.
HTML version available from AJAA here.
• Provides the first-ever natural explanation for the cause of the elliptical shape of nonrotating galaxies
• Retains the foundation premise of all modern cosmology but rejects the absurd concept of whole-universe expansion
• Takes full advantage of the universe’s cosmic cellular structure and exploits the DSSU theory of unified gravity domains
• Amazingly, the mechanism that stretches galaxies turns out to be the very same mechanism that causes the cosmic spectral redshift!

Cosmic-Redshift Distance Law Without c Without H Comments & Links Simplifying the redshift-distance formula by removing the speed-of-light constant and the Hubble parameter —while maintaining agreement with observational evidence.


Cosmic Core website: Lavishly illustrated. Includes many articles discussing DSSU theory and cosmology.

New Illuminati
–The DSSU is The New Cosmology

New Illuminati –Hidden Substrate of Reality

Big Bang Never Happened –Home & Summary

Just Right program #623
Canadian broadcaster Robert Metz focuses on cosmology. This is a superb show in which he exposes the absurdity of the Big Bang hypothesis, delves into some key aspects of the DSSU, and praises the veracity of the modern steady-state perspective.
Originally aired 2019-9-19.


DSSU Theory:

DSSU Validated by Redshift Theory and Structural Evidence, Physics Essays, Vol.28, No.4, p455-473 (2015 Dec) —Delivers the coup de grâce to the Big Bang. Abstract & Links.
Both Reviewers enthusiastically endorsed this "well-written and incisive article."

A historical tour of universes culminating with the Natural Universe —This essay gives a thematic tour of historical and modern universes. ... While the Universe is endlessly speaking, forever sending signals; philosophers and scientists listen and interpret.

Currently undergoing revision and updating: Theoretical Foundation and Pillars of the Dynamic Steady State Universe —The first complete presentation of all four postulates of DSSU theory. A powerful paper that resolves the cause-of-causes paradox, explains the non-independent nature of time, and reveals the 'supreme advantage'. It includes a concise comparison with standard cosmology focusing on real-world viability.

The Fundamental Process of Energy —A Qualitative Unification of Energy, Mass, and Gravity. (Abstract & Reviews & Links) … This article reveals the secret behind photon confinement. (Contains only a bare minimum of mathematics and mainly in one of the 14 sections.)
PART 1 published in Infinite Energy Magazine Issue #113 (Jan/Feb 2014)
PART 2 published in Infinite Energy Magazine    Issue #114 (Mar/Apr 2014)

Headlined as:
A "Conceptual Unification of Energy, Mass and Gravity"

Dynamic Cosmic Cell —The Structural Component of the DSSU —Animated image and discussion of the self-sustaining, self-balancing system.

Unified Gravitation Cells of the DSSU —Constructing the Universe with Cosmic Gravity Cells

Aether Flow Equations and Expansion-Contraction Rates (pdf) —This paper explores the mathematical aspects of the two space-medium postulates of DSSU theory —and uncovers some profound consequences.


Documentary movie footage in which Einstein states, "There exists an aether"
High resolution .mpg video.
Low resolution .wmv video.

The Aether Experiments and the Impact on Cosmology —Aether was detected first in 1887 and then several more times during the 20th century. Its 21st–century "rediscovery" (in 2001) led to the long-sought causal mechanism of gravity —a discovery which has revolutionizing cosmology.

Michelson-Morley and the Story of the Aether Theory —Richard Milton's analysis of the historical details involving the misrepresentation, bias, and cover-up that hampered the Aether theory.

The History of the Aether Theory —The historic development of the aether as a scientific theory of the universal space medium. What started as the "fifth element" of Antiquity becomes molded by theoretical constraints and experimental evidence into the dual-dynamic sub-quantum medium —the Essence of the Universe. (Updated 2019-12)

Relativity of Time in the Aether-Space of the DSSU —How intrinsic time and relative time are related.

DSSU Relativity –The Lorentz Transformations Applied to Aether-Space —Ranzan
Reprinted by permission of Physics Essays Publication, Physics  Essays Vol.23, No.3, p520. (2010). ABSTRACT

Physical Nature of Length Contraction —the DSSU Theory of Length Contraction Induced by Absolute Motion.
An easy to follow examination of how the mode by which matter is “conducted” through luminiferous aether causes the matter to contract. A simple derivation of the mathematical expression for this physical phenomenon is presented. There is also a brief discussion of relevant historical aspects and of nonphysical length contraction.
Reviewer's comments: “This is amazing …”  “The paper is interesting …” –Applied Physics Research reviewer. Published in Applied Physics Research journal Vol.5, No.1 (2013 Feb).

Contradiction Divides Two Aether Theories —An exploration into the three parts of the speed-of-light postulate.
Reprinted by permission of PEP, from  Physics Essays Journal (Vol 24, No.3, Sept, 2011) ... ABSTRACT

Basic-level mathematical and graphical exploration of dynamic aether flow: PDF

Here is an external webpage with an extensive list of research papers on the aether-drift experiments, and the larger question of energy in space.


Sachs-Wolfe Effect Disproof (published in in the International Journal of Astrophysics and Space Science Vol.6, No.1, 2018.)
Abstract & links.

DSSU Cosmic Redshift-Distance Relation (htm) —Converting the cosmic redshift into distance for our Cellular Universe using a simple and elegant equation.

Large Scale Structure of the Dynamic Steady State Universe (pdf)   How a dual-dynamic space medium sustains the cellular structure (published in AJAA in 2016).
  —Presents the postulates and implications of regional space-medium expansion and contraction.

Cosmic-Scale Structural Features Explained (pdf) (Chapter 2 of original DSSU Manuscript)
—The Spacing of Clusters
—Sheets of Galaxies
—Right-angled Walls of Galaxies.

The Cosmic Background Radiation in the DSSU —The natural explanation of the microwave background radiation applicable to the natural Cellular Universe.

Ellipticity, Its Origin & Progression in Comoving GalaxiesAmerican Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics, AJAA, Vol.3, No.2, 2015.
Journal  Abstract and Links
Local  high-resolution PDF.
HTML version available from AJAA here.
• Provides the first-ever natural explanation for the cause of the elliptical shape of nonrotating galaxies
• Retains the foundation premise of all modern cosmology but rejects the absurd concept of whole-universe expansion
• Takes full advantage of the universe’s cosmic cellular structure and exploits the DSSU theory of unified gravity domains
• Amazingly, the mechanism that stretches galaxies turns out to be the very same mechanism that causes the cosmic spectral redshift!


The Nature of Gravity –How One Factor Unifies Gravity’s Convergent, Divergent, Vortex, and Wave Effects –Published in International Journal of Astrophysics and Space Science (IJASS), Vol.6, No.5, 2018, pp.73-92. (Abstract and Links.) "Revolutionary"

The Nature of Gravitational Collapse
–Published in American Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics Vol.4, No.2, 2016, pp.15-33. (Abstract and Links.)
(Note, there is a typo in AJA&A posted version in the Fig-10 caption. It should read: … acceleration is proportional to 1/r2.)

Gravity and Dark Energy (How they Shape the Universe) –An Introduction. Provides a preamble and overview for a couple of earlier DSSU articles.

The Processes of Gravitation –The Cause and Mechanism of Gravitation by C. Ranzan –A revolutionary paper on gravity published in J. Mod. Phys. Appl. Vol.2014:3 (2014).
(Abstract & Reviews & Links. Includes link to hi-resolution PDF)

Why Copernicus Did Not Need a Force of Gravity —Explores the question of why no one, except Newton, invoked a force. (Rev 2011-9)

First ever, journal-published paper featuring the DSSU:
The Story of Gravity and Lambda –How the Theory of Heraclitus Solved the Dark Matter Mystery –Ranzan
Reprinted by permission of PEP, from Physics Essays, Vol 23, No1, p75-87 (2010 Mar). ABSTRACT
This is the cure for the fallacious belief in cosmic-scale Dark Matter.

The Story of Gravity and Lambda –How the Theory of Heraclitus Solved the Dark Matter Mystery (Color version) –Ranzan Considered "an excellent contribution to the [PE journal]" --professional reviewer (2010).

Unified Gravitation Cells of the DSSU —Constructing the Universe with Cosmic Gravity Cells


Why Einstein Did Not Receive the Nobel Prize for His Theory of Relativity (●Abstract ●Links ●Excerpts ●Extras) —“By 1922 Einstein had been nominated about fifty times —most were for his relativity theories.”

Einstein’s Simple Mathematical Trick –and the Illusion of a Constant Speed of Light  (Abridged version with links to Journal-published version. Posted 2013)

Extended Relativity –Exploiting the Loopholes in Einstein's Relativity. A Logical extension of special relativity. Reprinted by permission of PEP, from Physics Essays Vol.25, No.3 (2012).
Abstract & Links & Reviews

The Three Components of the Speed-of-Light Postulate.  Published in Physics Essays journal Vol.26,No.1 (2013)
Local copy: The Three Components of the Speed-of-Light Postulate (pdf) Absolute vs relative. Variance vs invariance. Another instance of the Heraclitian "Harmony of Opposites." (Reprinted by permission of PEP, from Physics Essays, Vol.26, No.1, 2013).

Relativity of Time in the Aether Medium of the DSSU —Absolute Motion and Intrinsic Time

Resolving a Paradox in Special Relativity –Absolute Motion and the Unified Doppler Equation.
(Posted 2011, July). Reprinted by permission of PEP, from Physics  Essays Vol.23, No.4, p594 (2010). ABSTRACT

How DSSU Relativity Resolves the Speed Paradox (Introductory Discussion)   —Absolute Motion Resolves a (speed) Paradox in Einstein’s Special Relativity. (Supplementary Discussion)

DSSU Relativity –The Lorentz Transformations Applied to Aether-Space (Posted 2011). Reprinted by permission of Physics Essays Publication, Physics  Essays Vol.23, No.3, p520. (2010). ABSTRACT

The Key that Extends Einstein’s Relativity (Part 1) —Response to a reviewer critical of DSSU aether-based relativity
The Key that Extends Einstein’s Relativity (Part 2) —How to convert abstract-space equations into aether-based equations

Restoring the Physical Meaning of Energy
Published in Applied Physics Research journal Vol.5, No.2 (2013).
LOCAL COPY: Restoring the Physical Meaning of Energy —distinguishing between the apparent energy and the real energy of moving mass.

An Open Letter to the Scientific Community
(Published in New Scientist, May 22, 2004)

"The big bang today relies on a growing number of hypothetical entities, things that we have never observed-- inflation, dark matter and dark energy are the most prominent examples. Without them, there would be a fatal contradiction between the observations made by astronomers and the predictions of the big bang theory. In no other field of physics would this continual recourse to new hypothetical objects be accepted as a way of bridging the gap between theory and observation. It would, at the least, raise serious questions about the validity of the underlying theory. ..."  continues ...
A devastating Declaration of opposition to Big Bang cosmology signed by more than 400 Researchers.

For the full text click on: or alternate site.

This website is mainly concerned with revisionism in cosmology. Those of us involved in replacing the unnatural expanding-universe paradigm are aware of the difficulties involved.
   However, other revisionists have unimaginable difficulties. Consider the ongoing persecution of revisionists in other fields of intellectual pursuit: 
"It makes you wonder —about the immense effort being made by State and State-sponsored organizations with budgets of tens of millions of dollars and thousands of employees and associates to smother and punish these few men and women. Every punishing instrument imaginable is used, every vicious slander conceivable, every flagrant and pervasive form of censorship that law allows, including the imprisonment of simple writers for thought crimes against the State. ... Makes you wonder." —Bradley R. Smith (2011)

"Discussing truth is so controversial, so dangerous … In most of the world it is simply illegal.” Gordon Duff, Senior Editor, Veterans Today (2011)

"The further a society drifts from truth the more it will hate those who speak it." –George Orwell

● Pro-Freedom RADIO: Rense Radio
● Pro-Freedom NEWS: Vanguard News
● InfoWars NEWS: Info Wars
● Freedom Force Red Pill University for truth-seekers.

DEDICATION: This website is solemnly dedicated to those individuals who have conducted research in their chosen field and have informed others of their inquiries and suffered the consequences when subpoenaed by the Inquisition or some variant thereof. The dedication extends to those individuals currently imprisoned, and those facing trial and persecution simply for exercising their basic human right of freedom of expression supposedly granted to them under the UN Charter of Human Rights.
"Every year, hundreds of writers and other literary professionals around the world are imprisoned, prosecuted, persecuted, attacked, threatened, forced into exile or even murdered as a result of their work."

ALSO: Be aware of the continuing threat to our precious freedom of expression on the Internet. The threat is serious and relentless. It is described as “… the formal effort to mimic Communist China’s system of Internet censorship.” –
More information on threats to internet freedom:

Reporter-journalist Arthur Topham, Canadian victim of the Inquisition, arrested (2012) for posting his research.
“Arthur Topham faces prison time for daring to speak his mind on his own website, as he faces criminal charges under Canada’s hate crimes legislation contained in Section 318 - 320 of the criminal code.” –Rights and Freedoms Bulletin Issue No. 204 Feb 7, 2015.
VERDICT: Arthur Topham found “guilty” AND “not guilty” of hate speech by a brain-dead jury!
 –Dr. James Sears, reporting in “The world’s Largest Anti-Marxist Publication” (Issue 2015 December, NOTE: This website has been taken down by court order pending appeal. --2020)
2016 Update: Panel Discussion on The Trial of Arthur Topham

Free-speech crusader
Bill Whatcott defies British Colombia Human Rights Tribunal efforts to impose gender language tyranny.

“I have no intention on wasting money on a lawyer for the Morgane Oger vs Bill Whatcott case, as human rights tribunals are kangaroo courts and the odds of … getting justice in these biased tribunals is next to zero.” –2017 June ( …)

End of free speech in Britain:

A publisher of history books in Britain has reported that “due to new laws in the UK all their books will have to be censored moving forward” to avoid criminal penalties for “inciting racial hatred.” –The Barnes Review (2020 March/April) p77

A hostile jury, by a hasty unanimous verdict, decided that Nationalist Leader Jez Turner deserves to be sent to jail for his critical views! Report (2018-5-15).

British Maverick Psychologist jailed for publishing his research. … “The ambivalence of librarians getting writers imprisoned quite defies comprehension.” –Simon Sheppard (2013)

The repression of free speech in Canada has degenerated to the point where …

■ Freedom advocates, such as Marc Lemire, are censured for merely expressing their reasoned opinions. Freedomsite, whose motto is “Fighting for freedom against the censorship enforcers”, documents the official persecution.
■ A tenured professor has lost his position for revealing his research and views on history. This is unprecedented. Professor Anthony J. Hall at the University of Lethbridge, Alberta, has been suspended (2016 October 5) without pay.
“… Any thinking person should recognize that there is something deeply wrong when a history professor is persecuted for saying we should be able to examine our history.” –Monika Schaefer 2017
■ A publisher/editor, for expressing his reality-based views, has been denied postal services. Dr. James Sears, publisher and editor of Your Ward News was stripped of Canada Post Mail Service by government order (2016 June).
■ A violin teacher and truth revealer, Monika Schaefer, for posting a video (an apology to her dead mother), has been attacked by various so-called community leaders.

The treatment of violinist Monika Schaefer signals the end of our free and democratic society.” –The American Herald Tribune, 2016 Sept

American Speaker Arrested in Canada for the textual material on his iPad
—2017 June 24
While the invasion continues, the “guardians” of the nation are busy suppressing the freedom of expression: going after deemed violations in what people think and write and say.

Canada Claims Authority to Censor Your Internet Searches –Reason magazine
■ The "justice" system is being used to suppress opinions: In a legal battle (2018) for freedom of speech in Canada ... the prosecution and silencing of Dr. James Sears expected to cost taxpayers $20 million!

“I estimate the Board of Review, police investigating and Crown prosecuting us on criminal matters, will cost the taxpayers over $20 million, assuming no appeals past 2018 (murderers & rapists will walk free as huge blocks of court time bump their cases, causing them to be thrown out).”
–Dr. James Sears, Your Ward News, Fall, 2018, p17

Updates are posted at .
Update for 2019 April 8:  Why the ruling against Your Ward News hurts free speech in Canada
Updates for 2019 Aug: LINK to Several postings.
Update for 2020: Sentenced to one year in jail for revealing the truth.
Update for 2021 July: POLITICAL PRISONER Dr James Sears.

The Continuing Struggle for Freedom

A ray of hope in the ongoing struggle for freedom. Populist and nationalist movements around the world are gaining ascendancy over the New World Order’s effort to establish global governance and impose tyrannical control over every last square meter of the Earth’s surface. –The Barnes Review Vol.23 No.1 (2017 Jan p70)

"This Is Very Serious" –S. Molyneux, 2018-7
(7-minute video on the importance of freedom of speech)

The ongoing fight for freedom and truth. –Just Right Media (2020, Sept 18, program)

In repressive Germany:

Ursula Haverbeck, 89, Sentenced to 14 Months in Jail for Heresy! –2017 November
This amazing 89-year-old woman continues advocating under the dictum: "Only the truth will set you free”.
Mrs. Haverbeck, along with her late husband, founded the education facility Collegium Humanum in 1963, but which was banned by the Marxist thought police in 2008.

Update (2018-5-16): Ursula Haverbeck will celebrate her 90th birthday in a German prison cell. The sprightly grandmother is now serving a two-year prison term without parole merely for stating a sincerely held opinion that is supported by acclaimed academics worldwide!!
“Frau Haverbeck is now sentenced to two years in prison, merely for her peaceful historical research” –The Barnes Review Vol.24, No.5 (Sept/Oct 2018) p71

UPDATE (2019-11): On November 9th (2019), the very day of Ursula Haverbeck’s 91st. birthday, hundreds of German nationalists, patriots and friends, well-wishers and admirers rallied in her support. Report on the Rally to Celebrate Political Prisoner Ursula Haverbeck.

Update (2020-12): This 92-year-old peaceful woman has just been released from jail, having spent 2&1/2 years behind bars, and less than 2 weeks later was in court in Berlin for more charges ...  was again sentenced to prison!!!

INFO on Monika Schaefer's case:
For expressing her opinion on historical events, Canadian citizen Monika Schaefer has been arrested and imprisoned (2018-1-3) in Germany. She had committed no crime. Author Mike Walsh warns potential visitors to Germany to stay away from this dangerous police state. –Merkel Madness Grips Germany, (2018-1-7)
... Found guilty and sentenced to 10 months of imprisonment (time served); her brother Alfred was sentenced to 38 months!! –(2018 November)
UPDATE (2019 August 10): Corruption of justice in Germany continues. Alfred Schaefer Receives 18 Months Additional Prison Time for Defending Himself!  Punished for simply presenting evidence for his own defense in court!

For more on Freedom (and Objectivism),
Freedomain Radio (
presented by Stefan Molyneux.

 Just Right Media (

... about the author ...

Curriculum Vitae

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Conrad RanzanDSSU Research
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Critique of Conventional Cosmology

Posted at:

Printable version of this article: CosmologyCritique.PDF


"One seldom sees what one is not looking for, and theory tells experimenters where to look."


So warned Timothy Ferris in his popular book The Whole Shebang. … In other words, one sees what one is trained to see!

    In today’s institutes of higher learning, all students of the astro-sciences are indoctrinated with Big-Bang expanding-universe hypothesis. It plays a dominant role in molding the perceptions of the initiated. This concoction, now officially in its sixth decade of dominance, frames the context of everything that astronomers see and detect —regardless of how speculative, how unrealistic, and how unconvincing the ensuing interpretations may be!

Here, look for yourself!  



1. On Model Tinkering in the Ptolemaic Tradition
2. Baffled by the Preposterous
3. The Cosmology Debate That Never Happened
4. Has the Higgs Boson Been Discovery?

"Sometimes it seems that the only thing expanding faster than the universe is cosmologists' bewilderment."
–George Musser


1.   On Model Tinkering in the Ptolemaic Tradition

Every now and then it is enlightening to check on the "progress" of conventional cosmology, which, as everyone knows, embraces the expanding-universe model —popularly called the Big Bang.
   The basic Big Bang has a parameter called the scaling factor. Think of it as the radius of the growing universe. Its magnitude grows as the Big Bang universe gets bigger. Technically it is the derivative of this scaling factor that describes the rate with which the universe is supposedly expanding. It is a measure of the speed of the expansion of the expanding universe. Simple enough.
   However, the model holds that the speed changes over time. For many years it was believed that the expansion speed was slowing down. But careful astronomical observations, notably in 1998, revealed that this was not the case. Expansion wasn't tapering off. It seemed to be ramping up! Rather than abandon the model, the experts came up with accelerated expansion. Henceforth they employed an acceleration parameter, which, technically, is the second derivative of the scaling factor. (If you are keeping count, that makes three parameters available for theory manipulation.) As the story goes, the universe not only expands but it expands faster and faster. End of story? No. ...

A few years after that notable crisis of 1998 it was gradually revealed, through even more careful and ever deeper astronomical observations, that uniform accelerated expansion still wasn't the answer. (Now at this stage any conscious-and-rational person would have abandoned the Big-Bang ship, especially since there are far superior models floating around.)  Having maintained a tradition of commitment going back as far as the 1920s when Lemaître formalized the cosmic-explosion idea, abandonment was not an option. And so the experts now came up with another parameter. Yes, a fourth adjustable factor! Admittedly it is not very original. If you can't connect with the underlying reality of the expansion process, at least you can connect with the differential calculus. Ready for this one? ... The new parameter is the third derivative of (you guessed it) the scaling factor. They call it the jerk parameter, and it means exactly what it says.

Now I assure you I am not making this up —and in a moment I will do more than assure you by providing the reference source.

The experts even tell us when, in the past of the Big Bang, this supposed "jerk" occurred. (It corresponds to a redshift index equal to 0.5 which corresponds to about 5.4 gigayears ago when the big bang universe was 9.2 gigayears old, assuming a Hubble constant H0 = 20 kilometers per second for every million lightyears.[1]) Think about this for a moment; a jerk-event occurred at some particular period of cosmic time. A special identifiable time! What this means is that the Big Bang universe now has no less than three special moments in time during its existence: The beginning time (t=0), the end-of-inflation time, and the jerk time; all in violation of the cosmological principle (strong version)! It means a violation of the generally accepted rule that a real universe must have no special time or place.

Professor Sean M. Carroll, promoter of the Preposterous Big Bang universe model.
Image source:

It is little wonder that physicists and cosmologists consider the expanding universe model to be preposterous! Physicist Sean M. Carroll even named his website "preposterous universe." And he goes into some detail in his paper, The Cosmological Constant, available at

Undeterred by considerations of preposterousness and implausibility, a group of experts, using the latest high-z supernovae discoveries, presented their ideas for 'improvements' to the Big Bang. The research paper[2], authored by no less than 19 physicists/astronomers, was published in The Astrophysical Journal, June 2004. (See Reference #2 below.)

Their problem can be expressed this way: For a growing collection of remote supernova events the redshift-distance curve does not agree with the magnitude-distance curve (magnitude corresponds to apparent brightness). The challenge is to get the theoretical curve (the redshift-distance graph) to agree with the empirical curve (the magnitude-distance graph).

And that is why the scaling factor derivatives are so useful. If it is mathematically necessary to invoke a fourth or even fifth derivative of the scaling factor, to force-fit the curves, then so be it. The Big Bang, being, as it is, a mathematical model, literally cannot fail.

What we are witnessing in conventional cosmology is the "keeping up the appearances" in the best Ptolemaic tradition.

Posted 2008 July (
–C. Ranzan


  1. ^ Ned Wright's Javascript Cosmology Calculator
  2. ^ Type Ia Supernova Discoveries at z > 1 From the Hubble Space Telescope: Evidence for Past Deceleration and Constraints on Dark Energy Evolution, A.G. Riess, et al., ApJ Vol.607, No2, 665-687 (2004)

2.   Baffled by the Preposterous


"Sometimes it seems that the only thing expanding faster than the universe is cosmologists' bewilderment."
–George Musser, Columnist for Scientific American (1999 Sept p26)


 Another Admission of Bafflement

Dan Hooper is a practicing physicist. He has applied his considerable talents to the search for the universe's missing mass and energy ... and the presentation of the details to a broad audience. He has written a book about the 95 percent of matter in the universe that is totally invisible. In his words, "This invisible stuff comes in two varieties —dark matter and dark energy. One holds the universe together, while the other tears it apart."

In light of the fact that many hundreds of physicists are involved in this search, and the search has been going on for many years (since the early 1980s), there should be much to report. Unfortunately, the search has turned out to be a profound disappointment. Dan Hooper finds himself making the following admission:


"The advances made in observational cosmology during the past few decades have been incredible. ... the catalog of distant supernova observations has led to the discovery that dark energy comprises about 70 percent of our Universe's density. These findings are remarkable. Sadly, the attempts to develop a compelling theoretical explanation for these findings have been not nearly as successful."
–Dan Hooper, Dark Cosmos, p173-4


Dan Hooper is talking about dark energy, the stuff that purportedly is somehow shaping the universe. Here he expands on the "not nearly as successful" part of his assessment quoted above:


"It's fair to say that the theoretical physics community is, at least for the time being, entirely baffled when it comes to dark energy. ..."


An understatement if ever there was one. But then, this is not anything new. Actually the theoretical physics community has been "entirely baffled" ever since the adoption of creationism cosmology —ever since the adoption of a speculation (a far-out hypothesis) promulgated as science by Georges Lemaître, way back in 1927 & 1929. Take note, we're not talking about temporary bafflement here. The bafflement goes way back to the time of Edwin Hubble in the 1920s. (To be fair to Hubble, he did have the wisdom to advise caution before jumping to radical unscientific conclusions.)

The admission is that dark energy, also known as Lambda, also known as cosmological constant, also known as vacuum energy, is shaping the universe. BUT how it does the shaping —and even what that shape might be— is a bafflement! ... It is not known what drives this energy nor what shape it leads to. At least that is the sad situation in Academic Cosmology.

What about the other half of the puzzle —the dark matter?


"As our search has left us with no known candidate for dark matter, we must turn our attention to the purely theoretical and ... the branch of mathematics ... " –Dark Cosmos, p80


 Are dark energy and dark matter related?


"Dark energy and matter are, as far as we [physicists] understand them, completely unrelated phenomena." –Dark Cosmos, p174


Dark energy (or Lambda) and material matter are unrelated?!! ... They shape the universe yet are unrelated?!! ... Folks, the admission of bafflement could not be any clearer. ... Meanwhile, in DSSU cosmology the two are intimately linked in true Heraclitian tradition —involving flux, processes, opposites, and harmony.

Academic Astrophysics/Cosmology seems to suffer from a strange inbreeding of ideas.

Consider the following remarkable claim, made in his 2006 book, by theoretical physicist Hooper:


"The vast majority of cosmologists are convinced that around 14 billion years ago our Universe was in an ultra-hot state that expanded over time to eventually become ... the Big Bang. In fact, I don't believe that I have ever met a cosmologist who disagreed with this assessment." –Dark Cosmos, p206


I say this is a remarkable claim because these same people admit the model is preposterous and they admit their puzzlement. I'm scratching my head. Something is not right here.
    Physicists are baffled by the model they have pieced and pasted together —their model of the expanding universe. Big Bang for short. Yet despite the serious and persistent bafflement, they all agree (or so we keep hearing) on the validity of the Big Bang model!! The academic colleagues of Dan Hooper, instead of voicing justifiable skepticism, compliantly vote their support!

Now what kind of scientific methodology are these learned scientists using? Seems rather irrational, doesn't it? The average thinking person can't help but conclude that there is something seriously wrong here.

What we are witnessing in academic astrophysics/cosmology is conformism to official dogma. Science writer Corey S. Powell calls it "sci/religion" (and calls its practitioners the "Priests of sci/religion"). Others call it "mytho-science." I call it (among other things) the inbreeding of expanding-universe theories. We are witnessing the 80-year-long inbreeding of theories based on the biggest unscientific extrapolation in the long history of science. ...

All the serious models of the universe that have been debated following the introduction of Lemaître's fireball-universe were based on whole-universe expansion. They included general-relativity expansion, steady-state expansion, kinematic expansion, inflationary expansion, negative-pressure expansion, and quintessence expansion, to name the most popular ones. Cross fertilize any of them and you still end up with whole-universe expansion! The expanding universe models have metaphorically reached an evolutionary dead-end.

And what is blatantly obvious in all this is that Modern Cosmology (more specifically, Academic Cosmology) has simply NOT investigated the non-expanding universe. It has never explored the perfectly natural cellular universe!

Giving the last word to Dan Hooper, who despite his bafflement, expresses hope,


"Modern physicists hope ... to find not only a more complete description of nature, but also a more complete explanation for it." –Dark Cosmos, p5


* * * *

Posted 2010 May (
–C. Ranzan

Dan Hooper, Dark Cosmos: In Search of Our Universe's Missing Mass and Energy (Smithsonian Books, HarperCollins Publishers, New York, 2006)

3.  The Cosmology Debate That Never Happened

During the 20th century there was a prolonged debate between the proponents of the Big Bang hypothesis and those of the Steady State hypothesis. The debate started in the 1920s with the misinterpretation of the red-shifted light from distant galaxies and supposedly ended in the 1990s with the discovery of minute variations in the cosmic microwave background radiation (CMBR).

The debate dealt with the profound consequences of the series of unexpected observations originating with Arizona astronomer Vesto Slipher during the years 1912 to 1923, and continued with German astronomer Carl Wirtz in 1922, Harlow Shapley in the 1920s, American Cosmologist Howard Robertson in 1928, and Edwin Hubble in 1929. The accumulated observations led to the empirical law that the greater the distance to a galaxy, the greater is the redshift of its light. Stated  another way, the empirical relationship meant that the apparent recessional speed of a galaxy is proportional to its distance. Note the position of both sides in the "Debate." Both the Big Bang side and the Steady State side considered the apparent speed to be a REAL recessional motion. (But further note: Hubble himself preferred “the alternative possible interpretation, that red shifts are not velocity shifts, avoiding [two major expanding-universe] difficulties ... ." [1] )

We all know which Worldview came out on top.

Edwin Hubble Powell in 1952.
Credit: Hale Observatories, courtesy AIP Emilio Segre Visual Archives

"[T]he conclusion of the greatest cosmological debate in history,” according to historian-of-the-Big-Bang, Simon Singh, came with the discovery, by Penzias and Wilson, of the CMB radiation, and with the mass-media publicity that followed. The debate was considered settled when on May 21, 1965, the New York Times carried the front page story under the banner headline, SIGNALS IMPLY ‘BIG BANG’ UNIVERSE.[2]

Actually, the debate continued into the 1990s. It was in 1992 that the COBE satellite discovered variations in the CMB radiation —variations of 1 part in 100,000— coming from different parts of the sky. When appropriately interpreted (as indicating tiny variations in density of the baby big-bang universe), the data "proved" the superiority of the Big Bang model.  Quoting, again, from Simon Singh's book Big Bang: "At last, the challenge to prove the Big Bang model was over." [3]

When a debate drags on for that long ... and the outcome hangs by a thread —a thread of evidence, in the variation of some variable, with a variance as tiny as 1 part in 100,000!— then credibility suffers. My initial reaction was to suspect that both sides were wrong.

Now, it does not take an astrophysicist to realize that the debate-of-the-century was fundamentally between two types of EXPANDING universe —two types of expanding single-cell universe. The Big Bang (BB) and the historic Steady State (SS) were not of the same species, so to speak. But they certainly were of the same genus. Undeniably, both universes were single cell and both were expanding. That is, each expanded as a single cosmic unit —even if infinite in size (as some BB and SS versions claim to be)!

But hold on a minute. The debate went on for roughly 75 years. A long time. Certainly it was long enough to examine fundamentally different ideas. Surely, the non-expanding option would have been proposed and explored.

Surely, there must have been a "great debate" between the expanding universe and  the non-expanding universe. And what about a "great debate"  between the single-cell cosmos and the multi-cell cosmos? After all, these are concepts of fundamental and obvious relevance to the historic debate.

Guess what! ... Search your libraries; search the history of cosmology; search the astrophysics literature. You will come up empty handed. No such debate has ever taken place!

Ladies and gentlemen, let me make this crystal clear: what historians call "the greatest cosmological debate in history” was between TWO  expanding universes —two hypothetical models that share the same, I repeat, the same foundational property! If one is to claim some great contest of ideas (let alone the "greatest") then surely there must exist some deep dividing difference! What —we must ask— is so great about a debate when both sides agree that the universe is  expanding, is single-celled, and is evolving? [4]

The cosmology debate that never happened. The pioneering "experts", in their haste to construct a mathematical universe based on Einstein's theory of general relativity, neglected to make a proper evaluation of the two distinct classes of universe —the expanding and the non-expanding universe. With the non-contestation of the expansion-of-the-whole-universe idea, Academic Cosmology became entangled in a phantasmagoric debate and devolved into an unnatural esoteric Worldview known as the Big Bang.

Sad to say, the experts in this field have dropped the ball —collectively and individually.

The astrophysicists, the cosmologists, and the theorists of the 20th century were embarrassingly negligent. Admittedly, these are strong words, but fully justified. Since the late 1960s and early 1970s, astronomers, including Charlier-de Vaucouleurs, and most notably Jaan Einasto of Estonia, have stated over and over that our universe appears to be cellularly structured! However, in time, astronomers convinced themselves that without a proper supporting theory the apparent cellularity was merely an observational phenomenon. Without a "proper theory" this critical observation was relegated to the status of a mirage, a mere curiosity. ... All I can do is shake my head in disbelief.

Anyway, the debate that never happened, the cosmology debate that should have taken place long ago, the debate that the history books will call the "Great Debate III",[5] ... at long last, is now on.

One of the key issues is the multi-cellular universe as opposed to the single-cell universe (both the BB and historic SS are single-cell). When I say "multi-cellular universe" I'm not talking about a multiverse. I am not talking about a collection of many separate and isolated universes each with its own laws of physics —each with its own defining parameters. No. I am talking about the universe (in the singular) being divided into subunits with no interaction among such subunits other than radiation.

A beautiful idea. There is a beautiful idea that Nature has decided to use, and it does so, on all size-scales. The beautiful idea is cellular structure. The scales range from the microscopic scale (think viruses and crystals), through the biological scale (think living cells), and the planetary scale (think plate tectonics), to the stellar scale —and even to the cosmic scale!

Nature's cells are not phenomenological. Rather, they are dynamic and process driven. It is a beautiful idea.

A Failing Cosmology

Although we are repeatedly told that the debate is over and that the Big Bang reigns supreme, problems remain. In his book on the Big Bang, Simon Singh, after explaining that the BB universe "is a strange place indeed" and quite unnatural, wrote the following:


"Completely solving the remaining mysteries of the Big Bang will require a three-pronged attack, involving further theoretical developments, laboratory experiments and, most important of all, even clearer observations of the cosmos ... and experiments on the lookout for signs of dark matter." [6] [emphasis added]


This does not sound like a winning cosmology. To many impartial observers, It remains a mystery how the BB model actually connects with reality. Evidently, some theory rethinking is called for (prong one). More laboratory tests are needed  (prong two). More observations  and experiments are needed in the perennial effort to find that elusive "dark matter" (prong three).

Incidentally, those words, calling for laboratory experiments, brought a smile and inspired the following comic strip. It metaphorically illustrates why a penetrating examination of the Big Bang model would lead to its destruction.

Why the Great Debate III was abruptly cancelled!

The above cartoon highlights one of the more serious problems with Standard Cosmology, its insistence on applying the so-called cosmological principle of homogeneity of the universe.[7]  Just like the balloon is a ball of homogenous air, the early BB was a ball of homogenous plasma (hot ionized gas). The problem is that in the real universe homogeneity IS NOT OBSERVED! As already pointed out, it is cosmic cellular structure that is actually observed. This cell structure is popularly reported as nodes of rich galaxy clusters and enormous networks of superclusters.
    The BB model demands a high degree of homogeneity; while the DSSU[8] cellular model requires the inhomogeneity inherent in cosmic tessellation. The BB model hypothesizes the homogeneity of the Hubble expansion; while the DSSU model expounds the inhomogeneity of "space" expansion by including its harmonious opposite, "space" contraction. That is to say, while the BB insists on the universal expansion of space, the DSSU insists on regional expansion (and regional contraction). The issue boils down to: a run-away universe-wide dynamic model versus a stable regionally-dynamic model.  A BB expanding universe versus a SS non-expanding universe.
    If you like a black-and-white view of cosmology, it does not get any better.  As a sharp contrast to the conventional wisdom, the DSSU has the right stuff for a meaningful debate.

Returning to Singh's earlier comment. He stresses the importance of finding the mysterious dark matter. Let me make a light-hearted public appeal: In the interest of helping a failing cosmology, if you see anything suspicious, if you come across anything that looks, feels, or smells like dark matter, there are BB believers who need your keen observational skills.
    Consider the dedication. The dedication of the BB veterans is truly astonishing. Imagine searching for the dark-matter stuff for over 30 years and finding nothing meaningful! How utterly discouraging! ... They really do need help.

It is not my purpose in this short essay to catalogue the problems of Standard Academic Cosmology. I will simply note that they are many, they are glaring, and they refuse to go away. David Darling, author of Gravity’s Arc, warns that,


"The fall of every great theory is foreshadowed by some niggling problems or inconsistencies that refuse to go away." [9]


The  one-time assistant to Edwin Hubble and distinguished astronomer, Dr. Halton Arp, had this to say about the failing cosmology:


"I believe the observational evidence has become overwhelming, and the Big Bang has in reality been toppled. There is now a need to communicate the new observations, ... and the new insights into the workings of the universe —all the primary obligations of academic science, which has generally tried to suppress or ignore such dissident information." [10]


He calls the situation a "crisis for the reasonable members of the profession" of the space sciences; with so many alternative, even contradictory, versions of the BB model, "many of them fitting the evidence very badly." Furthermore, he was motivated to make his own appeal. A sincere outreach. ...


"At this point, I believe we must look for salvation from the non-specialists, amateurs and interdisciplinary thinkers —those who form judgments on the general thrust of the evidence, those who are skeptical about any explanation, particularly official ones ..." [10]


Halton Arp ends the preface of his book with these prophetic words:


"I believe a painfully honest debate is the only exercise capable of galvanizing meaningful change." [10]


And that "honest debate" with "meaningful change" has its roots in the cosmology debate that never happened!

* * * *       

Posted 2011 Oct (
–C. Ranzan


Notes & References:

[1]  Edwin Hubble,  The Observational Approach to Cosmology (Oxford Eng: Clarendon Press, 1937)

[2]  Simon Singh, BIG BANG, The Origin of the Universe (Fourth Estate, Harper Collins, New York, 2004) p433-434

[3]  Ibid. p463

[4]  The BB is an evolving universe; that is obvious. The same is not obvious with the SS universe. The historic Steady State universe evolves in the sense that it is perpetually gaining matter as it expands (and there is no compensating loss!).

[5]  Great Debate I was between the idea of a single island universe and that of multiple island universes. It concerned the astronomical objects known as "nebulae". One side maintained that the nebulae lay within the Milky Way galaxy; the opposing side held the view that they were independent galaxies far beyond the Milky Way.
Great Debate II was between two versions of the expanding universe, the BB and the SS.
Great Debate III is between the expanding universe and the non-expanding universe.

[6]  Simon Singh,  BIG BANG, The Origin of the Universe (Fourth Estate, Harper Collins Publishers, New York, 2004) p481

[7]  Jean-Claude Pecker (Collège de France, Paris), Some Critiques of the Big Bang Cosmology, J. Astrophys. Astr. (1997) 18, 323–333

[8]  DSSU is the acronym for the Dynamic Steady State Universe —the cosmology theory that holds that the universal space medium is dynamic and that this space medium expands and contracts regionally and equally resulting in a cosmic-scale cellularly-structured universe.

[9]  David Darling,  Gravity’s Arc, The Story of Gravity from Aristotle to Einstein and Beyond (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey, 2006) p121

[10]  Halton Arp, 1998. Seeing Red: Redshifts, Cosmology and Academic Science

4.   Has the Higgs Boson Been Discovery?

The Unreported Problem with the Higgs Boson

In July of 2012 physicists announced the first definitive evidence of a new high-mass particle claimed to be the long-awaited Higgs boson.  After 50 years of searching, the "Higgs" just had to be found. The participants in the search had really only two options available to them: find the damn thing or admit (Oh no!) that the theory is wrong. Find something that might serve as the Higgs or admit that they, the elite in this esoteric field, had been pursuing a chimera. Imagine struggling with this cause-of-mass conundrum for 50 long years!  This could easily span a physicist’s entire career. Better to find the Higgs, no matter what. Find the Higgs, keep face, keep the funds flowing, and somehow the mathematical theory will be made to work.

After 50 long years of searching, Physicists claim to have detected the Higgs boson, the ‘particle’ that ostensibly bestows the property of mass on all other such particles. Is it now time to celebrate? … Definitely not.

The question now is this: If the Higgs ‘particle’ is the giver of mass to all other particles, what then gives the Higgs itself its mass?! (Yes, the newly discovered particle has mass, lots of it!) A difficult and embarrassing question indeed. It is like asking: If God created everything, then who or what created God? While physicists think they have solved the mass problem, the reality is that they have unwittingly exposed an even bigger problem —the riddle of “First Cause”.

Meanwhile, our DSSU reality-based physics continues to advance without it. –CR

Yes —Oh yes— the mathematics can always be counted on. It has been said that math describes all possible worlds. Mathematics, like magic, conjures up all possible cosmologies. Just look at what creative mathematics has accomplished with the solid, real-world, evidence of a cosmic redshift of the light from distant galaxies. Here's what creative mathematics did with some good data, a bad interpretation, and an ugly extrapolation. Follow me on this.  Take these three ingredients: (1) the cosmic redshift measurements, (2) an wholly unnecessary interpretation, (3) an extrapolation that is both unscientific and philosophically unsound. Apply some mathematical magic; then behold the resulting formulations —the mathematical universes known as the Big Bang universes (there are already numerous versions not to mention countless more possible versions). Astrophysicist/cosmologists continually proclaim the Big Bang to be the truth; the uncritical believers simply believe. Meanwhile, problems abound, patches concocted, new speculations appended; yet the current research is to extrapolate even further and formulate multiverses!!!  Multiple simultaneous big bangs, of all things! (But that's another story —for another time.)

The mathematics has sustained a disastrously flawed cosmology ever since the 1920s. The same methodology will, no doubt, work for the Higgs model for mass acquisition.

So, celebrate the new particle, whatever it may be. Celebrate the security of the CERN funding. Celebrate the postponement of the day of reckoning of the Higgs model. Give serious thought, however, to a rather obvious inconsistency. …

The BIG question now is this: If the Higgs ‘particle’ is the giver of mass to all other particles, what then gives the Higgs itself its mass?! (Yes, the newly discovered particle has mass, lots of it!) A difficult and embarrassing question indeed. It is like asking: if God created everything, then who or what created God? While physicists think they have solved the mass problem, the reality is that they have unwittingly exposed an even bigger problem —the riddle of “First Cause”.

What has been discovered is that there is a fatal flaw with the Higgs boson.

Why is all this so important to cosmology, the science of the universe? Why should something, the Higgs, supposedly residing in the tiny scale of particle physics, be relevant to the Universe, existing as it does on an unimaginably large scale? …

It is extremely important, for if you do not understand the cause of the property of mass, the Higgs being a mathematical concept unconnected to reality, then you will not understand the cause and mechanism of gravitation; and without the mechanism of gravitation there is no hope of understanding the intrinsic nature of the Cosmos —its inherent cellular structure.

The cause of mass, leads to a cause of gravity, leads to a three-process mechanism of gravity, which in turn leads to the structure of the universe. This sequitur-sequence of understanding leads to the elegantly natural Cosmos. It’s called the DSSU —the Dynamic Steady State Universe.

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Posted 2012 Sept (
–C. Ranzan

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