The   Dynamic   Steady   State   Universe

  Home     DSSU Directory     Advance Search     Published Articles     Questions & Comments     For Educators   

(Most recent at top of column)

(2024 March 8): The Cosmic Geometry paper is currently being peer-reviewed.

Meanwhile:The disintegration of Western civilization is proceeding so rapidly that I cannot keep up with it even as a full time job. … It is happening right in front of our eyes.” –

(2024 February): New research paper, focusing on the large-scale geometry of the Cosmos, is currently being readied for publication. It details the arrangement of gravity cells and how the rhombic dodecahedron is embedded within a superoctahedron.

Meanwhile: Reflect on the mega-crime of the last century —Dresden Hellstorm (February 13-15, 1945). It is appalling to think its perpetrators were actually hailed as war heroes!
The Blood of Dresden by Kurt Vonnegut
Dresden 1945: The Devil’s Tinderbox by Charles Lutton

(2023 October): The Gerhard Herzberg Award, 2023: Canada's most prestigious prize for science and engineering went to Yoshua Bengio, a scientist who helped make the AI revolution possible. As the scientific director of the Montreal Institute for Learning Algorithms and professor at the University of Montreal, he is both excited and cautious about the future of the technology he helped create. Congratulations.

(2023 October 12): George Orwell Free Speech Award, 2023: Congratulations to Jurgen Neumann who was presented with the award “For outstanding courage in challenging censorship and defending freedom in pursuit of the truth and for outstanding talent as a freedom communicator & videographer …”

(2023 September): Newly posted: Question regarding The Fermi Paradox. Where are other advanced civilizations?

Meanwhile, history continues to repeat itself and teach essential lessons:
“As is becoming increasingly more obvious, even to historical novices, mainstream academia, mass media and what passes for journalism these days is agenda driven, not truth driven. Certain narratives and ideas that advance particular agendas are elevated and promoted, while dissenting or alternative perspectives and viewpoints are hysterically dismissed or censored.” –The Barnes Review Vol.29, No.5 (Sept/Oct 2023, p69)

(2023 August): Important UPDATE to the so-call discovery/detection of gravity waves (the ones predicted by Einstein’s geometric gravity theory). Turns out no gravity waves were detected! Just as I had suspected and reported years ago. … What the LIGO and VIRGO teams actually found was a match-up between measured signal noise and preprogrammed idealized wave patterns (i.e., computer stored preexisting general-relativity gravity waves). It was simply the result of a computerized search to obtain a very approximate and partial fit between measured signal and simulated “chirps.” …What was presented to the ever-credulous public was not the actual recorded waves, but rather the pre-stored-in-computer-memory idealized wave patterns! Such are the findings of a collaboration of four researchers. [Abstract & link to full article in the International Astronomy and Astrophysics Research Journal]

Meanwhile, the collapse continues:
“The United States is falling apart in real time.” –The Barnes Review (July/Aug 2023, p30)

Suppressed is the essence of the spirit needed to resist the accompanying enslavement: “That traditional suspicion and disdain of an overreaching centralized government; that ambitious, fearless, risk-taking outlook; that love of individual liberty and personal freedom; that hardworking, productive, can-do attitude —these and similar characteristics are the essence of the true American spirit.” –The Barnes Review (July/Aug 2023, p22)

(2023 July 28): Author’s Curriculum Vitae has been updated to include the discovery of meta-thermodynamics processes.

(2023 July 21): The revolution in cosmology continues. The first documentation of Nature’s entropy-lowering mechanism —involving a structure encompassing two separate and independent processes— has been published. The latest DSSU article presents a discussion of how cosmic-scale entropy neutrality is maintained —how two processes prevent the Universe from ever running down. Press Release.
Meanwhile: The Great Enslavement continues. The ongoing implementation measures and events —including real and imagined crises— are too numerous for the average person to keep track of, let alone deal with. Sometimes too covert to recognize. Oftentimes seemingly benevolent, like the pending implementation of digital currency. And always propagandized.

(2023 July 1): The report on Nature’s Entropy-Lowering Processes has been accepted for publication. Five of five journal-appointed Reviewers deemed the research article to be "scientifically correct." ... Details to follow.

(2023 March 24 ... April 15): Latest research paper Nature’s Entropy-Lowering Processes is currently under review.

Meanwhile: Tyranny in Canada! The persecution of Pastor Artur Pawlowski. Listen to the incredible first-hand account: Just Right Program #802 (2023-3-16)

(2023 February): DSSU research article currently being prepared deals with entropy ... with a focus on Nature's remarkable entropy-lowering mechanism.

(2023 January 16): Who would believe it! An American official holiday for communism and its foremost promoter. Clearly the lessons of history have been ignored … all the while the repression, and enslavement, continues.

(2023 January):  DSSU Cosmology is now into its 22nd year on the Internet —the revolution continues.

(2022 December 28): Now PUBLISHED !

“Laws of Physics Twentieth-Century Scientists Overlooked”

Available on
and on

(2022 November 11): Remembrance Day in Canada (Veterans Day in USA, Remembrance Sunday in Britain). Take a moment to reflect on the Allied scheme for genocide: The Morgenthau Plan.

"After World War II ended, some in the Allied coalition wanted to crush the already-prostrate German nation for standing up to its banker-dominated New World Order agenda. Drafted by the Soviets and initially scrapped, it was resurrected after the war for the sole purpose of genociding as many Germans as possible." –The Barnes Review Vol.28, No.6 (2022 Nov) page 54

(2022 August 30): Press Release (2022 August).

(2022 August 20): The 20-year quest for the ultimate truth has paid off … We now know how the energy of the Universe is continuously replenished.
The details are revealed in the Open Access Article “Mainspring Mechanism of the Universe” published in the International Journal of Cosmology, Astronomy and Astrophysics. Presented is the four-process mechanism that drives and sustains the grand Cosmic system —now and forever. Hi-resolution REPRINT.

Meanwhile … the decline of Western Civilization continues. Let us not forget Ayn Rand’s warning:

When you see that in order to produce, you need to obtain permission from men who produce nothing – When you see that money is flowing to those who deal, not in goods, but in favors – When you see that men get richer by graft and by pull than by work, and your laws don’t protect you against them but protect them against you – When you see corruption being rewarded and honesty becoming a self-sacrifice – You may know that your society is doomed.” –A. Rand, Atlas Shrugged, 1957

(2022 August 12): In the Just Right Media program #771, Robert Metz reveals one of the great secrets of our Universe. The Universe was never created! It had no beginning! … The elegant and profound reasoning substantiating this claim is presented in the fourth-quarter segment of the August 11th podcast.

(2022 August 1): The third DSSU book is ready for publication. Particulars: Laws of Physics 20th-Century Scientists Overlooked

(2022 July 1): Current project: The third DSSU book is nearing completion.

(2022 February 13-15): Dresden Hellstorm days of remembrance. Ask yourself, what could possibly motivate a people to machinate and implement the total destruction of the most beautiful and cultural city on the planet? Search deeply into your inner self, and reflect on the mind-polluting power of indoctrination.
Remembering Dresden 77 years after the terror bombing.

(2022 January 1): The "Directory" webpage has been updated.

ANNOUNCEMENTS & comments from earlier years are available HERE.


The Nature of Gravitational Collapse

Subtitle: How the photon, the particle of light, is responsible for mass, gravity, superneutron stars, and supermassive black holes

—Reveals the truth about stellar and supermassive black holes.

This work contains 311+ pages, 67 illustrations, references, and index. …
Second printing details (2017 November)
First printing details (Lambert Academic Publishing, 2017 July)

Guide to the Construction of the Natural Universe

Participate in a unique exploration of the Cosmos: venture into the sub-atomic realm, even into the sub-quantum realm where the roots of reality reside, and into the domain of cosmic-scale cell-structure and beyond to infinity. Along the way, discover the cause of mass, the cause of gravitation, and rediscover Einstein’s “nonponderable” aether and Heraclitus’ harmony-of-opposites principle. … The book represents the ultimate vindication for all the skeptics who resisted the "preposterous" Big Bang mythology and who refused to join the exploding-cosmos religion.
The book contains 317 pages, 61 illustrations, references, and index …
Available from C-FAR Books.
Or use this mail-in Order Form.
(Also available at  Niagara Falls Public Library)


Mass-to-Energy Conversion, the Astrophysical Mechanism –Published in Journal of High Energy Physics, Gravitation and Cosmology, Vol.5, No.2 (2019). HTML version.

Nature’s Supreme Mechanism for Energy Extraction from Nonmaterial Aether –Published in Infinite Energy Magazine Vol.24, Issue#144 (2019 March/April)

The Nature of Gravity –How One Factor Unifies Gravity’s Convergent, Divergent, Vortex, and Wave Effects –Published in the International Journal of Astrophysics and Space ScienceVol.6, No.5, 2018.
Natural Mechanism for the Generation and Emission of Extreme Energy Particles –Published in Physics Essays Vol.31, No.3, p358 (2018). (Reprint)
Sachs-Wolfe Effect Disproof –Published in the International Journal of Astrophysics and Space Science, Vol.6, No.1, 2018. ( Abstract & Links.)

"The Nature of Gravitational Collapse"
–Published in American Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics. ( Abstract and Links.)
(Note, there is a typo in AJA&A posted version in the Fig-10 caption. It should read: … acceleration is proportional to 1/r2.)

Glossary of Terms used in Cosmology and Astrophysics with particular emphasis on DSSU theory.
(Opens in separate Window or Tab)


Mysteries & Paradoxes that Plague Standard Cosmology  (Updated 2015-7)

Cosmology Crisis of 1998 (Revised 2015-5)

Critique of Conventional Cosmology ... comments relating to the 'preposterous' expanding-universe paradigm.
Bafflement —the remarkable admission of a physicist.
The Cosmology Debate That Never Happened   —During the 20th century there was a decades-long debate: The cataclysmic expanding universe VS the stable expanding universe. But there has never been a debate of the dynamic expanding universe VS the dynamic non-expanding universe. (Posted 2011 Oct)

Models of the Universe —Historical, Expanding, and Cellular universes. INCLUDES USEFUL TABLES FOR COMPARING THEORIES.

The Universe Is Infinite (Part 1) —overcoming a "central" problem of cosmology theories.

The Universe Is Infinite (Part 2) —an explanation of how the universe can always have existed and will always exist.

DSSU, The Non-Expanding Universe: Structure, Redshift, Distance —A long sought-after goal of astrophysicists has been a formulation of cosmic distance that is independent of the speed of light. The goal has now been achieved. The present Paper details the surprisingly simple distance expression and its validating agreement with Supernova data.

Why Copernicus Did Not Need a Force of Gravity —Explores the question of why no one, except Newton, invoked a force. (Re-Posted February, 2014)

Gravity and Lambda —A Story of Opposites (.htm) —A story of opposites in harmony. Key differences between the Conventional Cosmology and the New Cosmology are presented.

Dynamic Cosmic Cell —The Structural Component of the DSSU —Animated image and discussion of the self-sustaining, self-balancing system.

Why Einstein Did Not Receive the Nobel Prize for His Theory of Relativity —“By 1922 Einstein had been nominated about fifty times —most were for his relativity theories.”

Questions & Answers & Comments


(2016 June) FREE DOWNLOAD details:
DSSU Validated by Redshift Theory and Structural Evidence
, Physics Essays, Vol.28, No.4, p455-473 (2015 Dec) —Delivers the coup de grâce to the Big Bang. Abstract & Links.
Both Reviewers enthusiastically endorsed this "well-written and incisive article."

The Dynamic Steady State Universe.
This work brings together the main pieces of the cosmic puzzle in a step-by-step construction of the Natural Universe. Published in Physics Essays Vol.27 No.2 (2014 June issue) (PDF download)  "... the arguments are well-made. The article is competent, enjoyable and readable." —Reviewer for Physics Essays Journal

Olbers’ Paradox Resolved for the Infinite Non-Expanding Universe
, American Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics Vol.4, No.1, (2016 January). Abstract & links. Reprint PDF.
● “The man accredited with discovering universe expansion did not believe that the universe was expanding. Hubble was convinced that the key evidence, the cosmic redshift, was caused by some other factor, something more fundamental than mere expansion.”
● “With the recent discovery of a new cosmic-redshift mechanism, and its theoretical validation, it turns out that Hubble was right.”
● Explains how “an infinite, non-expanding, perpetually regenerating universe" is able to predict a dark night sky.

Cosmic Redshift in the Nonexpanding Cellular Universe  ( Journal links ) —details the actual causal mechanism. Published in the American Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics, Vol.2, No.5 (2014) Abstract.
Local copy with quality images: (Reprint pdf).
• Entirely new concept for cosmic redshift mechanism;
• Retains the foundation premise of all modern cosmology;
• But does not require whole-universe expansion;
• A redshift based on the DSSU theory of unified gravity & cosmic cellular structure;
• Remarkable agreement with independently established redshift distances.

The Cosmology Debate That Never Happened
What historians call "the greatest cosmological debate in history” was between TWO  expanding universes —two hypothetical models that share the same, I repeat, the same foundational property! If one is to claim some great clash of ideas (let alone the "greatest") then surely there must exist some deep dividing difference! (Posted 2011-10)

The Case for a Cellular Universe
—the Story of a Baffling Omission in Modern Cosmology    (Rev2014)

Large-Scale Structure of the Dynamic Steady State Universe published in the American Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol.4, No.6, 2016, pp.65-77. Astract and Links.
■ Presents the first 2 of the 4 main postulates that define the DSSU.
■ Space-medium expansion and contraction are perpetually held in balance, thus ensuring a non-expanding universe.
■ Explains how the two dynamic processes of the DSSU’s space medium sustain the cellular structure responsible for the pattern of matter distribution in our Universe.

Galaxy Morphology:

Ellipticity, Its Origin & Progression in Comoving Galaxies,  American Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics, AJAA, Vol.3, No.2, 2015.
Journal  Abstract and Links.
Local  high-resolution PDF.
HTML version available from AJAA here.
• Provides the first-ever natural explanation for the cause of the elliptical shape of nonrotating galaxies
• Retains the foundation premise of all modern cosmology but rejects the absurd concept of whole-universe expansion
• Takes full advantage of the universe’s cosmic cellular structure and exploits the DSSU theory of unified gravity domains
• Amazingly, the mechanism that stretches galaxies turns out to be the very same mechanism that causes the cosmic spectral redshift!

Cosmic-Redshift Distance Law Without c Without H Comments & Links Simplifying the redshift-distance formula by removing the speed-of-light constant and the Hubble parameter —while maintaining agreement with observational evidence.


Cosmic Core website: Lavishly illustrated. Includes many articles discussing DSSU theory and cosmology.

New Illuminati
–The DSSU is The New Cosmology

New Illuminati –Hidden Substrate of Reality

Big Bang Never Happened –Home & Summary

Just Right program #623
Canadian broadcaster Robert Metz focuses on cosmology. This is a superb show in which he exposes the absurdity of the Big Bang hypothesis, delves into some key aspects of the DSSU, and praises the veracity of the modern steady-state perspective.
Originally aired 2019-9-19.


DSSU Theory:

DSSU Validated by Redshift Theory and Structural Evidence, Physics Essays, Vol.28, No.4, p455-473 (2015 Dec) —Delivers the coup de grâce to the Big Bang. Abstract & Links.
Both Reviewers enthusiastically endorsed this "well-written and incisive article."

A historical tour of universes culminating with the Natural Universe —This essay gives a thematic tour of historical and modern universes. ... While the Universe is endlessly speaking, forever sending signals; philosophers and scientists listen and interpret.

Currently undergoing revision and updating: Theoretical Foundation and Pillars of the Dynamic Steady State Universe —The first complete presentation of all four postulates of DSSU theory. A powerful paper that resolves the cause-of-causes paradox, explains the non-independent nature of time, and reveals the 'supreme advantage'. It includes a concise comparison with standard cosmology focusing on real-world viability.

The Fundamental Process of Energy —A Qualitative Unification of Energy, Mass, and Gravity. (Abstract & Reviews & Links) … This article reveals the secret behind photon confinement. (Contains only a bare minimum of mathematics and mainly in one of the 14 sections.)
PART 1 published in Infinite Energy Magazine Issue #113 (Jan/Feb 2014)
PART 2 published in Infinite Energy Magazine    Issue #114 (Mar/Apr 2014)

Headlined as:
A "Conceptual Unification of Energy, Mass and Gravity"

Dynamic Cosmic Cell —The Structural Component of the DSSU —Animated image and discussion of the self-sustaining, self-balancing system.

Unified Gravitation Cells of the DSSU —Constructing the Universe with Cosmic Gravity Cells

Aether Flow Equations and Expansion-Contraction Rates (pdf) —This paper explores the mathematical aspects of the two space-medium postulates of DSSU theory —and uncovers some profound consequences.


Documentary movie footage in which Einstein states, "There exists an aether"
High resolution .mpg video.
Low resolution .wmv video.

The Aether Experiments and the Impact on Cosmology —Aether was detected first in 1887 and then several more times during the 20th century. Its 21st–century "rediscovery" (in 2001) led to the long-sought causal mechanism of gravity —a discovery which has revolutionizing cosmology.

Michelson-Morley and the Story of the Aether Theory —Richard Milton's analysis of the historical details involving the misrepresentation, bias, and cover-up that hampered the Aether theory.

The History of the Aether Theory —The historic development of the aether as a scientific theory of the universal space medium. What started as the "fifth element" of Antiquity becomes molded by theoretical constraints and experimental evidence into the dual-dynamic sub-quantum medium —the Essence of the Universe. (Updated 2019-12)

Relativity of Time in the Aether-Space of the DSSU —How intrinsic time and relative time are related.

DSSU Relativity –The Lorentz Transformations Applied to Aether-Space —Ranzan
Reprinted by permission of Physics Essays Publication, Physics  Essays Vol.23, No.3, p520. (2010). ABSTRACT

Physical Nature of Length Contraction —the DSSU Theory of Length Contraction Induced by Absolute Motion.
An easy to follow examination of how the mode by which matter is “conducted” through luminiferous aether causes the matter to contract. A simple derivation of the mathematical expression for this physical phenomenon is presented. There is also a brief discussion of relevant historical aspects and of nonphysical length contraction.
Reviewer's comments: “This is amazing …”  “The paper is interesting …” –Applied Physics Research reviewer. Published in Applied Physics Research journal Vol.5, No.1 (2013 Feb).

Contradiction Divides Two Aether Theories —An exploration into the three parts of the speed-of-light postulate.
Reprinted by permission of PEP, from  Physics Essays Journal (Vol 24, No.3, Sept, 2011) ... ABSTRACT

Basic-level mathematical and graphical exploration of dynamic aether flow: PDF

Here is an external webpage with an extensive list of research papers on the aether-drift experiments, and the larger question of energy in space.


Sachs-Wolfe Effect Disproof (published in in the International Journal of Astrophysics and Space Science Vol.6, No.1, 2018.)
Abstract & links.

DSSU Cosmic Redshift-Distance Relation (htm) —Converting the cosmic redshift into distance for our Cellular Universe using a simple and elegant equation.

Large Scale Structure of the Dynamic Steady State Universe (pdf)   How a dual-dynamic space medium sustains the cellular structure (published in AJAA in 2016).
  —Presents the postulates and implications of regional space-medium expansion and contraction.

Cosmic-Scale Structural Features Explained (pdf) (Chapter 2 of original DSSU Manuscript)
—The Spacing of Clusters
—Sheets of Galaxies
—Right-angled Walls of Galaxies.

The Cosmic Background Radiation in the DSSU —The natural explanation of the microwave background radiation applicable to the natural Cellular Universe.

Ellipticity, Its Origin & Progression in Comoving GalaxiesAmerican Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics, AJAA, Vol.3, No.2, 2015.
Journal  Abstract and Links
Local  high-resolution PDF.
HTML version available from AJAA here.
• Provides the first-ever natural explanation for the cause of the elliptical shape of nonrotating galaxies
• Retains the foundation premise of all modern cosmology but rejects the absurd concept of whole-universe expansion
• Takes full advantage of the universe’s cosmic cellular structure and exploits the DSSU theory of unified gravity domains
• Amazingly, the mechanism that stretches galaxies turns out to be the very same mechanism that causes the cosmic spectral redshift!


The Nature of Gravity –How One Factor Unifies Gravity’s Convergent, Divergent, Vortex, and Wave Effects –Published in International Journal of Astrophysics and Space Science (IJASS), Vol.6, No.5, 2018, pp.73-92. (Abstract and Links.) "Revolutionary"

The Nature of Gravitational Collapse
–Published in American Journal of Astronomy & Astrophysics Vol.4, No.2, 2016, pp.15-33. (Abstract and Links.)
(Note, there is a typo in AJA&A posted version in the Fig-10 caption. It should read: … acceleration is proportional to 1/r2.)

Gravity and Dark Energy (How they Shape the Universe) –An Introduction. Provides a preamble and overview for a couple of earlier DSSU articles.

The Processes of Gravitation –The Cause and Mechanism of Gravitation by C. Ranzan –A revolutionary paper on gravity published in J. Mod. Phys. Appl. Vol.2014:3 (2014).
(Abstract & Reviews & Links. Includes link to hi-resolution PDF)

Why Copernicus Did Not Need a Force of Gravity —Explores the question of why no one, except Newton, invoked a force. (Rev 2011-9)

First ever, journal-published paper featuring the DSSU:
The Story of Gravity and Lambda –How the Theory of Heraclitus Solved the Dark Matter Mystery –Ranzan
Reprinted by permission of PEP, from Physics Essays, Vol 23, No1, p75-87 (2010 Mar). ABSTRACT
This is the cure for the fallacious belief in cosmic-scale Dark Matter.

The Story of Gravity and Lambda –How the Theory of Heraclitus Solved the Dark Matter Mystery (Color version) –Ranzan Considered "an excellent contribution to the [PE journal]" --professional reviewer (2010).

Unified Gravitation Cells of the DSSU —Constructing the Universe with Cosmic Gravity Cells


Why Einstein Did Not Receive the Nobel Prize for His Theory of Relativity (●Abstract ●Links ●Excerpts ●Extras) —“By 1922 Einstein had been nominated about fifty times —most were for his relativity theories.”

Einstein’s Simple Mathematical Trick –and the Illusion of a Constant Speed of Light  (Abridged version with links to Journal-published version. Posted 2013)

Extended Relativity –Exploiting the Loopholes in Einstein's Relativity. A Logical extension of special relativity. Reprinted by permission of PEP, from Physics Essays Vol.25, No.3 (2012).
Abstract & Links & Reviews

The Three Components of the Speed-of-Light Postulate.  Published in Physics Essays journal Vol.26,No.1 (2013)
Local copy: The Three Components of the Speed-of-Light Postulate (pdf) Absolute vs relative. Variance vs invariance. Another instance of the Heraclitian "Harmony of Opposites." (Reprinted by permission of PEP, from Physics Essays, Vol.26, No.1, 2013).

Relativity of Time in the Aether Medium of the DSSU —Absolute Motion and Intrinsic Time

Resolving a Paradox in Special Relativity –Absolute Motion and the Unified Doppler Equation.
(Posted 2011, July). Reprinted by permission of PEP, from Physics  Essays Vol.23, No.4, p594 (2010). ABSTRACT

How DSSU Relativity Resolves the Speed Paradox (Introductory Discussion)   —Absolute Motion Resolves a (speed) Paradox in Einstein’s Special Relativity. (Supplementary Discussion)

DSSU Relativity –The Lorentz Transformations Applied to Aether-Space (Posted 2011). Reprinted by permission of Physics Essays Publication, Physics  Essays Vol.23, No.3, p520. (2010). ABSTRACT

The Key that Extends Einstein’s Relativity (Part 1) —Response to a reviewer critical of DSSU aether-based relativity
The Key that Extends Einstein’s Relativity (Part 2) —How to convert abstract-space equations into aether-based equations

Restoring the Physical Meaning of Energy
Published in Applied Physics Research journal Vol.5, No.2 (2013).
LOCAL COPY: Restoring the Physical Meaning of Energy —distinguishing between the apparent energy and the real energy of moving mass.

An Open Letter to the Scientific Community
(Published in New Scientist, May 22, 2004)

"The big bang today relies on a growing number of hypothetical entities, things that we have never observed-- inflation, dark matter and dark energy are the most prominent examples. Without them, there would be a fatal contradiction between the observations made by astronomers and the predictions of the big bang theory. In no other field of physics would this continual recourse to new hypothetical objects be accepted as a way of bridging the gap between theory and observation. It would, at the least, raise serious questions about the validity of the underlying theory. ..."  continues ...

A devastating Declaration of opposition to Big Bang cosmology signed by more than 400 Researchers.

Full text: or alternate site.

This website is mainly concerned with revisionism in cosmology. Those of us involved in replacing the unnatural expanding-universe paradigm are aware of the difficulties involved.
   However, other revisionists have unimaginable difficulties. Consider the ongoing persecution of revisionists in other fields of intellectual pursuit: 
"It makes you wonder —about the immense effort being made by State and State-sponsored organizations with budgets of tens of millions of dollars and thousands of employees and associates to smother and punish these few men and women. Every punishing instrument imaginable is used, every vicious slander conceivable, every flagrant and pervasive form of censorship that law allows, including the imprisonment of simple writers for thought crimes against the State. ... Makes you wonder." —Bradley R. Smith (2011)

"Discussing truth is so controversial, so dangerous … In most of the world it is simply illegal.” Gordon Duff, Senior Editor, Veterans Today (2011)

"The further a society drifts from truth the more it will hate those who speak it." –George Orwell

● Pro-Freedom RADIO: Rense Radio
● Pro-Freedom NEWS: Vanguard News
● InfoWars NEWS: InfoWars  |  AlexJones
● Freedom Force Red Pill University for truth-seekers.

DEDICATION: This website is solemnly dedicated to those individuals who have conducted research in their chosen field and have informed others of their inquiries and suffered the consequences when subpoenaed by the Inquisition or some variant thereof. The dedication extends to those individuals currently imprisoned, and those facing trial and persecution simply for exercising their basic human right of freedom of expression supposedly granted to them under the UN Charter of Human Rights.
"Every year, hundreds of writers and other literary professionals around the world are imprisoned, prosecuted, persecuted, attacked, threatened, forced into exile or even murdered as a result of their work."

ALSO: Be aware of the continuing threat to our precious freedom of expression on the Internet. The threat is serious and relentless. It is described as “… the formal effort to mimic Communist China’s system of Internet censorship.” –
More information on threats to internet freedom:

Reporter-journalist Arthur Topham, Canadian victim of the Inquisition, arrested (2012) for posting his research.
“Arthur Topham faces prison time for daring to speak his mind on his own website, as he faces criminal charges under Canada’s hate crimes legislation contained in Section 318 - 320 of the criminal code.” –Rights and Freedoms Bulletin Issue No. 204 Feb 7, 2015.
VERDICT: Arthur Topham found “guilty” AND “not guilty” of hate speech by a brain-dead jury!
 –Dr. James Sears, reporting in “The world’s Largest Anti-Marxist Publication” (Issue 2015 December, NOTE: This website has been taken down by court order pending appeal. --2020)
2016 Update: Panel Discussion on The Trial of Arthur Topham

Free-speech crusader
Bill Whatcott defies British Colombia Human Rights Tribunal efforts to impose gender language tyranny.

“I have no intention on wasting money on a lawyer for the Morgane Oger vs Bill Whatcott case, as human rights tribunals are kangaroo courts and the odds of … getting justice in these biased tribunals is next to zero.” –2017 June ( …)

End of free speech in Britain:

A publisher of history books in Britain has reported that “due to new laws in the UK all their books will have to be censored moving forward” to avoid criminal penalties for “inciting racial hatred.” –The Barnes Review (2020 March/April) p77

A hostile jury, by a hasty unanimous verdict, decided that Nationalist Leader Jez Turner deserves to be sent to jail for his critical views! Report (2018-5-15).

British Maverick Psychologist jailed for publishing his research. … “The ambivalence of librarians getting writers imprisoned quite defies comprehension.” –Simon Sheppard (2013)

The repression of free speech in Canada has degenerated to the point where …

■ Freedom advocates, such as Marc Lemire, are censured for merely expressing their reasoned opinions. Freedomsite, whose motto is “Fighting for freedom against the censorship enforcers”, documents the official persecution.
■ A tenured professor has lost his position for revealing his research and views on history. This is unprecedented. Professor Anthony J. Hall at the University of Lethbridge, Alberta, has been suspended (2016 October 5) without pay.
“… Any thinking person should recognize that there is something deeply wrong when a history professor is persecuted for saying we should be able to examine our history.” –Monika Schaefer 2017
■ A publisher/editor, for expressing his reality-based views, has been denied postal services. Dr. James Sears, publisher and editor of Your Ward News was stripped of Canada Post Mail Service by government order (2016 June).
■ A violin teacher and truth revealer, Monika Schaefer, for posting a video (an apology to her dead mother), has been attacked by various so-called community leaders.

The treatment of violinist Monika Schaefer signals the end of our free and democratic society.” –The American Herald Tribune, 2016 Sept

American Speaker Arrested in Canada for the textual material on his iPad
—2017 June 24
While the invasion continues, the “guardians” of the nation are busy suppressing the freedom of expression: going after deemed violations in what people think and write and say.

Canada Claims Authority to Censor Your Internet Searches –Reason magazine

The Persecution of Dr James Sears

■ The "justice" system is being used to suppress opinions: In a legal battle (2018) for freedom of speech in Canada ... the prosecution and silencing of Dr James Sears expected to cost taxpayers $20 million!

“I estimate the Board of Review, police investigating and Crown prosecuting us on criminal matters, will cost the taxpayers over $20 million, assuming no appeals past 2018 (murderers & rapists will walk free as huge blocks of court time bump their cases, causing them to be thrown out).”
–Dr James Sears, Your Ward News, Fall, 2018, p17

Updates are posted at .
Update for 2019 April 8:  Why the ruling against Your Ward News hurts free speech in Canada
Updates for 2019 Aug: LINK to Several postings.
Update for 2020: Sentenced to one year in jail for revealing the truth.
Update for 2021 July: Political Prisoner James Sears.

(2021 November 18): The Canadian Association for Free Expression Honours Dr James Sears with the 2021 George Orwell Free Speech Award
● Editor of (anti-Marxist) Your Ward News
● Brilliant satirist, researcher, writer, free speech warrior & dedicated anti-masker
● Recently (Oct 1) released political prisoner

(2022 February): Dr James Sears, Editor of Your Ward News and winner of the 2021 George Orwell Free Speech award, was arrested at GUNPOINT (Feb 3) by three police while leaving his regular appointment with his parole officer. Sears is now back in prison. Protests continue.

The Continuing Struggle for Freedom

A ray of hope in the ongoing struggle for freedom. Populist and nationalist movements around the world are gaining ascendancy over the New World Order’s effort to establish global governance and impose tyrannical control over every last square meter of the Earth’s surface. –The Barnes Review Vol.23 No.1 (2017 Jan p70)

"This Is Very Serious" –S. Molyneux, 2018-7
(7-minute video on the importance of freedom of speech)

The ongoing fight for freedom and truth. –Just Right Media (2020, Sept 18, program)

In repressive Germany:

Ursula Haverbeck, 89, Sentenced to 14 Months in Jail for Heresy! –2017 November
This amazing 89-year-old woman continues advocating under the dictum: "Only the truth will set you free”.
Mrs. Haverbeck, along with her late husband, founded the education facility Collegium Humanum in 1963, but which was banned by the Marxist thought police in 2008.

Update (2018-5-16): Ursula Haverbeck will celebrate her 90th birthday in a German prison cell. The sprightly grandmother is now serving a two-year prison term without parole merely for stating a sincerely held opinion that is supported by acclaimed academics worldwide!!
“Frau Haverbeck is now sentenced to two years in prison, merely for her peaceful historical research” –The Barnes Review Vol.24, No.5 (Sept/Oct 2018) p71

UPDATE (2019-11): On November 9th (2019), the very day of Ursula Haverbeck’s 91st. birthday, hundreds of German nationalists, patriots and friends, well-wishers and admirers rallied in her support. Report on the Rally to Celebrate Political Prisoner Ursula Haverbeck.

Update (2020-12): This 92-year-old peaceful woman has just been released from jail, having spent 2&1/2 years behind bars, and less than 2 weeks later was in court in Berlin for more charges ...  was again sentenced to prison!!!

INFO on Monika Schaefer's case:
For expressing her opinion on historical events, Canadian citizen Monika Schaefer has been arrested and imprisoned (2018-1-3) in Germany. She had committed no crime. Author Mike Walsh warns potential visitors to Germany to stay away from this dangerous police state. –Merkel Madness Grips Germany, (2018-1-7)
... Found guilty and sentenced to 10 months of imprisonment (time served); her brother Alfred was sentenced to 38 months!! –(2018 November)
UPDATE (2019 August 10): Corruption of justice in Germany continues. Alfred Schaefer Receives 18 Months Additional Prison Time for Defending Himself!  Punished for simply presenting evidence for his own defense in court!

The 2022 George Orwell Free Speech Award was presented to Alfred and Monika Schaefer, July 30, 2022 in Vancouver.
A Response & Appreciation of the Awards to Monika & Alfred Schaefer, by Timothy Cuish of the Daily Rake.

For more on Freedom (and Objectivism),
Freedomain Radio (
presented by Stefan Molyneux.

 Just Right Media (

... about the author ...

Curriculum Vitae

© Copyright 2005-2024 by
Conrad RanzanDSSU Research
  For information regarding permission to reproduce selected material herein, please contact:

D S S U  Research
Niagara Falls, Canada
23 years on the Internet.
Most recent update: 2024 Mar 8

Visits since mid-2010 : Hit Counter


 Unified Gravitation Cells of the DSSU
Constructing the Universe with Gravity Cells

Conrad Ranzan
Published on the Cellular Universe website ( ) 2009-8 rev2012-6



"The world is various. But many processes in nature are more or less alike; amidst the differences in the world, there are similarities, strong patterns, strange resemblances, ..."
–David Berlinski [1]



1.   Introduction

My purpose in this exploration is to show how the Universe —specifically the Dynamic Steady State Universe— is ‘constructed’ of unified gravity cells and discuss some of their features.

In order to place the new cosmology into perspective I will first draw attention to the ‘construction project’ of cosmology that has failed.

In conventional cosmology the universe is assumed to be a single cell. As such, it has a definable finite diameter —sort of a visibility-limit diameter. This diameter depends on the Hubble-expansion parameter and the evolutionary age of the universe. In some versions of the Big Bang theory the cell was the size of a primordial atom —much smaller than a speck of dust. ... Now when gravity theory is applied to the conventional universe it is applied to the universe as a whole —as if it were a single cell. The gravity of the cell is determined by the contained mass-and-energy. Considerable effort has gone into measuring and calculating the total matter content to determine whether the expanding-cell universe is closed or open —whether it will eventually collapse in on itself or expand outward forever. This single-cell view of the universe is the view held by the vast majority of academics and promoted by the media and embraced by popular culture. It leads to what astrophysicists describe as an unnatural universe; and some have gone so far as to call it a preposterous universe. [2] 

In the new cosmology known as the Dynamic Steady State Universe (DSSU) the universe is structured into a multi-cellular natural arrangement. The cellularity is not a theory premise, not an assumption. The cellularity is the logical outcome of the theory’s two pairs of postulates. The four postulates specify the four processes that act to form a self-regulating mechanism —a mechanism that sustains the cosmic cell structure. [3]

There are two levels of cells —the structural cell level and the gravitational cell level. They are intimately connected to each other —essentially they overlap (but they do not coincide). The entire universe is divided into structural cells —cosmic in scale and closely packed. Similarly the entire universe is divided into gravitational cells —also cosmic in scale and closely packed.

Let us deal with the structural-cell level first. The structural units will then guide us to the gravitational units.

2.   The Cosmic Structural Cell

The theoretical shape of the structural cells is surprisingly simple to determine. There are actually only three ways by which a volume can be divided into ordered polyhedral cells (identical units with no gaps between adjacent cells). One could use hexahedra (cubes), truncated octahedra, or rhombic dodecahedra. These are the three candidates for cosmic structural units available for space-filling packing.[4]  We immediately eliminate the cube ---it is unstable when subjected to the forces involved. That leaves the truncated octahedron and the rhombic dodecahedron.


Fig. 1. The three polyhedral cells capable of being ‘close’ packed, capable of dividing space —capable of orderly cellularizing a volume.



The choice of of a suitableshape depends entirely on the type of force involved: When the forces of surface-tension are involved then the cell tries to minimize the surface area. When the force involved is that of "negative pressure" then the tendency is to maximize the surface area. The truncated octahedron has a surface-to-volume ratio of 5.315; the rhombic dodecahedron has a surface-to-volume ratio of 5.345 (both expressed in terms of the geometrical invariant: ratio = S/V2/3). The difference is subtle —so small that it only appears in the 3rd significant digit. Nevertheless, this difference means that for equal volumes the truncated octahedron has less surface area than does the rhombic dodecahedron.

Thus, surface tension cells, striving to minimize their surface area, take the shape of truncated octahedra. While negative pressure cells, striving to maximize their surface area, take the shape of rhombic dodecahedra. Soap bubbles are considered surface tension cells; thus they tend to be shaped as truncated octahedra when packed together (although gravity causes considerable distortion).

The cosmic cells of the DSSU are negative pressure cells. The negative pressure is the manifestation of the process of space expansion (according to Postulate #1 of DSSU theory). Space expansion is the Primary process of the universe. Thus the cosmic cells of the DSSU tend to be shaped as rhombic dodecahedra (and not as truncated octahedra).[5]

A word about soap bubbles. It should be pointed out that soap bubbles are not regular in shape even when experiments strive for constant volume. They tend to be highly irregular tetrakaidecahedra.[6]   The reason is that gravity induces film thickness distortion. However, it is predicted that under weightless conditions soap bubbles will be shaped as truncated octahedra (if equal volume bubbles are produced). The truncated octahedron is, of course, a tetrakaidecahedron.

Back to the cosmic structural cells. Space expansion sustains a central void region. Why this process is equated with negative pressure is not easy to explain. It certainly seems counterintuitive but such is the nature of dynamic space. It may be of help to think of the region as being under tension (space is being ‘pulled’ apart, as it were). There is a tension across the cell (along any diameter). In a moment we will see what is aiding this ‘pull’ action.

Each cell, with its void, interfaces with twelve others as each cell tries to maximize its volume and surface area. The result is a twelve-faced structure —the rhombic dodecahedron. The result is a cosmic cell with fourteen nodes.

Each node of this cell is a center of gravity —the center of gravity of a galaxy cluster. The fourteen galaxy clusters are linked by 24 filamentous arms. These arms are simply the extensions of the various galaxy clusters. The entire network surrounds the central cosmic void. (See Fig. 2.)


Fig. 2. Schematic view of an isolated structural cosmic cell.



Now, mentally draw lines through the structural cell and join opposite centers of gravity; the tension mentioned earlier should immediately become self evident. The tension is always present since the nodal galaxy clusters never come together. Always keep in mind that the overall cell-size has a certain degree of stability. And speaking of cell size: Although the cells are discussed in rather casual terms, one should not lose sight of the enormity of the scale involved. All cosmic cells have dimensions in the range of 300 million lightyears.

The cell nodes are logically the centers of gravitational cosmic cells.

3.   The Cosmic Gravitational Cells

A striking feature of the structural cell is that there are two distinctive types of nodes —distinguished by the number of arms joined at a node. There are Major nodes and Minor nodes; six of one and eight of the other. Now here is the amazing part: When one relates the nodes to respective galaxy structures, one finds a four-branch galaxy cluster at Minor nodes and an eight-branch galaxy cluster at Major nodes! We have here the underlying reason for variation in size and density of galaxy clusters. (The Platonic dodecahedron, of course, has all its nodes identical; and for other reasons is unsuitable for modeling the universe.)

Real cosmic cells are never isolated; nodes are always shared. The geometry of "closest" packing requires that these shared nodes must have either four branches or eight branches, as shown in Fig. 3.


Fig. 3.    Major nodes and Minor nodes of the externally-linked structural cosmic-cell. Nodes are linked outward to the surrounding dodecahedra so that Minor nodes actually have four arms and Major nodes actually have eight arms.



Obviously, there must be two types of gravitational cells. The geometry demands there be a distinct shape for each of the two types of nodes. The four-armed node requires a tetrahedron. The eight-armed node calls for an octahedron. These two shapes, when combined, will totally fill 3-dimensional space (as they must). But unlike the cosmic structural cells, the gravitation cells have no visible boundaries!

The tetrahedral gravitational cell.  The center of gravity of a Minor-node galaxy cluster coincides with the geometric center of the tetrahedral cell. The four arms of the cluster pierce the four sides of the tetrahedron (the arms are more or less perpendicular to the tetrahedral faces). The vertices of the tetrahedron extend deep into the four surrounding voids.  Fig. 4 attempts to show this arrangement; the fourth void (and fourth vertex) is hidden from view.


Fig. 4.   The vertices of the tetrahedron extend deep into the surrounding voids.



The next figure (Fig. 5) provides representations (in perspective view) of the tetrahedral gravity cell; its three images focus on: the cell’s geometry, the cell’s gravitation flow lines, and the cell as an isolated gravitational field. The flow lines represent the streaming of aether; they also represent the trajectories of comoving matter. The flow lines clearly reveal the cell’s four internal lobes. The four lobes act to funnel the space-and-matter flow towards the regional center of gravity.


Fig. 5.   Perspective views of an isolated tetrahedral gravity cell. The gravity cell is a dynamic structure. Space and comoving material flow along trajectories that form a four lobed three dimensional pattern (a symmetrical pattern under idealized conditions).


An immediate question is, Why doesn’t the cell (or gravity field) collapse over time? The short answer is that the voids just keep on expanding. That is, the voids are forever supplying newly expanded aether to feed the flow. Furthermore, matter itself is continually precipitating from, and within, aether and in this way is further feeding the flow.

Shown below is an idealized dynamic image of an isolated tetrahedral gravity cell.


Fig. 6.   This animated image reveals the bulk aether flow direction within a typical cosmic-scale gravitation cell. It is an Idealized representation (in two dimensions) of a 3-dimensional tetrahedral unified-gravity cell. The paths diverge (red lines) where space expands; and paths converge (blue lines) where space contracts.

Note, however, that the aether flow rate —the speed of the flow— is not being modeled; and neither is the extremely important acceleration of the flow.


The octahedral gravitational cell.  Turning now to the octahedral gravity cell —the dynamic cell associated with Major nodes (of the dodecahedral structural cell). What is the associated pattern of lobes? Mentally place yourself at such a node. Use Fig. 3 as a helpful reference. You are surrounded by the eight arms of a Major galaxy cluster. But don’t be misled. The lobes of gravity cells do not follow these structural arms. The axes of the lobes are directed to void centers. Having positioned yourself at the node it is possible to orient yourself in such a way that (1) one void would be aligned above you and another below you, (2) one void to your right and one to your left, and (3) one void in front and another behind. You would be surrounded by six voids. And so, the octahedral gravity cell has six lobes extending into six voids.

The following drawing (Fig. 7) shows, in succession, the shape, the lobes, and the trajectories of the octahedral gravitational cell.


Fig. 7.   Octahedral gravity cell is a dynamic structure in which aether and comoving material streams along trajectories that form a six-lobed three-dimensional pattern (a symmetrical pattern under idealized conditions).



4.   How the Gravity Cells Fit Together

For a two-dimensional representation of how gravity cells fit together we could use the trefoil of Fig. 4 and proceed to tile a sample region. The resulting hexagonal shape is obvious, as shown in Fig. 8 below. The hexagon formed by joining the nodes (not the void centers) is, of course, the two-dimensional representation of the rhombic dodecahedral structural cell.


Fig. 8.    Group of unified gravity cells are 'close-packed' together and reveal a cosmic structural cell —the inner hexagon formed by the six nodes. (All cells are shown in two dimensions and idealized).



Now what about the tetrahedral and octahedral volumes? Even though these volumes consist of the three types of dynamic space —expanding, flat, and contracting— standard theories alone fail utterly. The General Theory of Relativity struggles with the basic interaction and configuration of the very same expanding-, flat-, and contracting space. Meanwhile, Standard Cosmology is busy hypothesizing and adjusting a growing number of parameters of its single-cell universe. Multicellularity has not yet been recognized!

General relativity measures the geometry, or curvature, of each volume of space —whether that volume is expanding, flat, or contracting. But ...


Neither relativity nor standard cosmological observations say anything about how those volumes fit together to give the universe its overall shape —its topology. ...Determining the topology requires some physical understanding beyond relativity.  –Jean-Pierre Luminet (Scientific American, 2002) [7]



You read that correctly. For the determination of the shape and topology of our Universe some physical understanding beyond standard cosmology, beyond relativity, is required! To say that relativity (a powerful mathematical theory) requires a physical something is a remarkable admission. Maybe what is required is the physical something missing from Einstein’s relativity theory; that essence substance often discussed on the Cellular Universe Website. Yes, understanding is within grasp. But what a long detour it has been. ... If only Einstein, those many many years ago, had not discarded the physical aether; discrediting it as a superfluous relic of a pre-relativistic age.

And this is why we turn to DSSU theory. It provides the vital pieces of the puzzle for just such a physical understanding. It tells us precisely how the three types of space fit together, how the “volumes fit together” to form the characteristic pattern of each type of gravity cell. And further, DSSU theory then tells us how those gravity cells “fit together to give the universe its overall shape —its topology.”

Here is a guide on how the tetrahedral and octahedral volumes fit together. Think of the center of a void as a reference point. This void, because of the geometry of the structural cell, is surrounded by 8 Minor nodes and 6 Major nodes. This, in turn, means that a void is surrounded by 8 tetrahedral and 6 octahedral cells. In fact a total of 14 gravity cells meet at the reference point at the center of a void.

And the tetrahedral and octahedral cells do fit together. The tetrahedron and octahedron comprise what is called a dual space-filling system.[8]

In assembling the gravity cells it helps to realize, firstly, that they all have faces consisting of identical equilateral triangles; secondly, that an octahedron ‘touches’ another octahedron edge-to-edge; thirdly, that an octahedron ‘touches’ a neighboring tetrahedron face-to-face, and finally, that a tetrahedron ‘touches’ a neighboring tetrahedron edge-to-edge. These rules, along with a bit of cerebral effort, permit one to visualize an assembly of all 14 fields. Use Figure 9 as a guide.


Fig. 9.   Assembly of the 14 unified gravitational fields that penetrate and subdivide one structural cell. Each vertex (13 are shown, 5 are hidden behind) gives the location of a void center. The number of vertices agrees with the number of voids (18) that surround one dodecahedral structural cell.



We normally think of the dodecahedral cell as being surrounded by twelve others. The reason is that we associate each of the twelve faces of one cell interfacing with a corresponding number of neighbors. Actually our structural unit is linked to a total of eighteen others. The gravity cells do the linking; they provide the dynamic bonding.

We have established that there are 14 gravity cells associated with a structural cell. Let us sum the vertices of all 14 cells. Each Minor unified field (tetrahedron) has 4 vertices that extend into 4 different void centers. Each Major unified field (octahedron) has 6 vertices that extend into 6 voids. Total vertices is (8x4) + (6x6) or 68. Each of these vertices, of course, must terminate at a void center. We know that 14 of these vertices meet at the center of the dodecahedron leaving the remaining 54 vertices free to extend into the 12 surrounding units (the 12 units with which interfaces are shared). Each of these 12 dodecahedra receives 4 of the field vertices. This should be self evident purely from the fact that 4 nodal structures (of a rhombic face of a dodecahedron) are shared between adjacent dodecahedra. But this allocation can account for only 48 of the 54 external field vertices! Six of the field vertices projecting from the subject cosmic-bubble still need to be allocated. It is not at all obvious; it happens that there are 6 additional cosmic-bubbles with which no interface surface is shared but with which one nodal structure is shared, respectively. And so, the 14 fields of a dodecahedral cell join to a total of 18 surrounding others. Thus, the gravity cells of a cosmic-bubble extend into the obvious 12 surrounding units and also into 6 other units —one at each of the 6 Major nodal clusters.

5.   Discussion of Unified Gravity

Gravity alone might be driving everything ... –Nature 2003 July 3 [9]


Why are the cosmic gravitating regions referred to as unified gravity cells? There are several reasons.

The fundamental reason is that two kinds of gravity effects are actually being combined. In technical terms the positive energy field of L (the cosmological constant) is combined with the negative energy field of conventional gravity (contractile gravity). When I say “combined” I mean they are separate regions of a single field. A gravity cell represents one gravity domain encompassing both normal gravity and ‘antigravity’ regions.

The logical reason is that a single definition of gravity serves to describe all regions of the cell. All regions of the cell are accelerating towards a common core —the heart of the gravity cell. The key word is acceleration. In a gravity field there must be acceleration. Aether is accelerating along the trajectories (we visualize them as flow lines) and likewise all the comoving matter.

Another way of looking at the unifying definition is this way: Imagine placing a test object anywhere in the gravity cell. It will, over the long term, tend towards the nucleus of the cell. Sprinkle lots of test objects all over a vast region and notice the gradual delineation of boundaries of relative emptiness. The boundaries of almost emptiness separate the individual cells, as shown in Fig. 8 above.

The isolation reason. Except for the exchange and flow of radiation a gravity cell is totally isolated from the rest of the universe. (In DSSU theory gravity is not considered to be a form of radiation.) No object, no massive galaxy, no matter how supermassive it may be, has any gravitational influence beyond its home cosmic gravity cell.

There is a simple and dramatic way to describe the unifying feature of a gravity cell. A unified gravity cell defines that region of space (a more or less symmetrical region) in which any and all comoving bodies are on a common collision course. (See Fig. 10.) The field lines are the trajectories, the comoving paths —diverging in the Lambda portion of the gravity field and then converging in the contractile portion of the field. The nodal supergalaxy —the focus of the trajectories— is the common collision point. Bodies may temporarily deviate from the purely comoving paths, as in the case of interface interactions and collisions. But ultimately —always keeping in mind the enormous multi-gigayear time scale— the fateful paths resume and the final freefall collisions occur.


Fig. 10.   The unified gravity cell is the ultimate collision pattern. The pattern consists of the large-scale trajectories of space-and-comoving-matter through regions dominated by Lambda (Λ) and the central region dominated by normal gravity. The paths, as they course inward, diverge (red lines) where space expands; and converge (blue lines) where space contracts. The drawing reveals three crucially important properties:

(1) The central galaxy cluster has no gravitational influence on anything outside this clearly defined gravity-and-Λ cell.
(2) Any comoving or freefalling particle (or body) is accelerated towards the center of the cell by both Λ and gravity. Both effects act in unison to hold the central galaxy cluster together.
(3) All the large-scale trajectories meet at a supergiant galaxy; the collision process is best described as the ultimate cannibalistic implosion.

(Cross-section view: Red and blue region is the cross-section of an idealized octahedral gravity cell. The dotted yellow lines are portions of four structural cells.)



6.   Implications of Unified Gravity and Cosmic Cellularization

There can be no doubt of the profound and far-reaching implications in the discovery that gravity and Lambda (G & Λ) act in harmony and, through that harmony, help sustain cosmic cell structure. Obviously, the discovery spells disaster for the conventional worldview. The concept of G & Λ in harmony is the key to a Pandora's Box of devastating consequences for all universe models based on general relativity. The naive notion that our universe can be coded in a pair of equations as if the universe is a single monolithic gravitational field is doomed. The space-time ontology of general relativity, used to model various monolithic universes, will return to its obscure role as a mathematical oddity. Gravity fields that extend to infinite, as the old theories claim, are doomed. Doomed by quantized gravity ---gravity quantized into natural gravity cells. With G & Λ working in harmony to bring about cluster cohesion there is absolutely no need for mysterious dark matter. It means the demise of dark theories. We may finally witness the end of over 30 years of long fruitless searching; the end of speculations masquerading as science. Then there is the implication for the central dogma of twentieth-century cosmology: The expansion of the universe will seem pointless. If the cosmic cells don’t expand then surely there is no reason for the universe to expand. G & Λ are in harmony. This is the key. Lambda and gravity in their easily understood manifestations —space expansion and space contraction— are in equilibrium.

The treatment of G & Λ as harmonious effects leads to finite gravity fields. These lead to steady-state cell structure which leads to a nonexpanding universe ... which leads us to a further implication. And this one will exact a heavy toll. If, as we have seen, the universe does not expand then neither does it evolve. Although processes and systems (and countless subsystems) within the cells are perpetually evolving, the universe itself is not evolving. The Universe simply is. Theories that say otherwise will, in the light of reality, become untenable and will not survive.

The evolving universe, in all its theoretical variations, is not supported by logic and not supported by observations; it is untenable. All Big Bang universe models are scenarios of evolving universes. In fact, all expanding universe models are classed as evolving universes. Thus, all are affected.

Academic cosmology is a grand collection of theories, hypotheses, and speculations —all based on a common theme. Each member of the collection represents one or another aspect of the evolving-and-expanding universe. The focus is on fine-tuning the abundant parameters of their exploding-and-changing universe. Almost never are the fundamentals questioned. Theories and research papers are endlessly cross-referenced and stand in support of each other and the official theme. What we have then is a vast collection of inbred theories nurtured by Academic Cosmology. A most unnatural situation. No wonder outspoken physicist and cosmologist Sean M. Carroll questions the naturalness of the current Big Bang model[10]  and refers to it as the preposterous universe.  In fact he sums up his extensive paper[11] with a section heading in boldface lettering: "Conclusions: the preposterous universe". Now the meaning of preposterous is, according to my Webster dictionary, quite clear: "Contrary to nature, reason, or common sense; utterly foolish; absurd." And there it is, presented without any personal bias on my part, 20th-century cosmology is contrary to nature!

I can’t help but wonder. Who believes this absurd stuff —which I have collectively called Academic Cosmology!? (If I may digress for a moment.) It is easy enough to come up with two types of believers: There are the true believers, the ones who believe anything official or authoritative or promoted by the mass-media; and there are those who are paid to believe. But still I wonder. Maybe the Big Bang really is more religion than science. Maybe author Wendy Kaminer is right when she warns of “the Rise of Irrationalism” and a new dark age undercutting reality in America. For the new-dark-age believers, “The truth lies in what you feel, not in what you know.” ... It is a worrying, even dangerous, trend.

It will be incredibly fascinating to witness how the implications will run their course (assuming objectivism prevails). Particularly interesting will be the abandonment of theories when the flawed foundation gives way. Expanding-and-evolving universe theories, interdependent as they are, will fall like dominoes. At some point the vast twentieth-century experiment with the single monolithic cell will come to an end. A new revolution in cosmology will be upon us. It will become known as the 5th revolution in the history of cosmology.


Revolutions in the History of Cosmology

At the pre-dawn of civilization mankind conceived of a revolutionary Worldview in which gods created order from chaos and conjured all things into being. For countless ages of man, the Universe was ruled, and misruled, by equally countless gods

The second revolution witnessed the overthrow of the rule by gods and the enthronement of the rule by natural laws.
Attempts to interpret the unpredictable motives and signs of deities was replaced by interpreting the unchanging, and therefore, predictable rules of nature. The cosmology of Ptolemy’s Geocentric system became firmly established; and by the measure of longevity it was the most successful universe model. Being wrong did not prevent it from enduring for about seventeen long centuries.

The third revolution was the overthrow of the Earth-centered system by the Heliocentric system. Historians call it the Copernican revolution. The date was 1543; the heretical document was ‘De Revolutionibus Orbium Coelestium.
Subsequent centuries saw a gradual realization that the universe was non-centric, limitless and static. Some cosmologists saw it as boundless and stable. The Universe was believed to be, for the most part, unchanging.

The fourth revolution was the overthrow of the Unchanging Universe by the Expanding Universe. In the early part of the 20th century the independent works of V.M. Slipher, German astronomer Carl Wirtz, American cosmologist Howard Robertson, and Edwin Hubble led to the pivotal discovery of the expansion of space. The unscientific extrapolation of that observable expansion led to various Big Bang and Steady State expanding universes.

The fifth revolution is predicted to be the overthrow of the expanding universe by the Non-Expanding Cellular Universe. At the forefront of this revolution is the Dynamic Steady State Universe.

After the devastation, what remains of the old cosmology? ... One pillar remains. The pillar that supports all modern cosmology —space expansion. The process of the physical expansion of space, that essential process first detected and interpreted in the pioneering work of V.M. Slipher, Carl Wirtz, Howard Robertson, and Edwin Hubble, will remain and continue to play a leading role. The great pillar of expanding space will stand; and alongside will stand the new pillar of space-contraction in equal and harmonious stature.

The seeds of the new cosmology have been planted. The revolutionary concept of the intrinsically cellular cosmos is growing. Meanwhile, the breeches in the old cosmology grow ever wider; its claims undefendable; its flaws unrepairable. The overthrow of the “preposterous” expanding universe by the natural cellular cosmos is the 5th revolution of cosmology.

* * * *


2009-8 rev2012-6            Copyright ©  by Conrad Ranzan                    E-mail:

Notes and References

  1. ^  David Berlinski, A Tour of the Calculus (Pantheon Books, New York, 1995) p208
  2. ^  Sean M. Carroll, The Cosmological Constant  (astro-ph/0004075 EFI-2000-13 Available at
    Physicist Sean Carroll’s website:
  3. ^  C. Ranzan. 2009. The Story of Gravity and Lambda —How the Theory of Heraclitus Solved the Dark Matter Mystery, Physics Essays Vol.23, No.1, p75-87 (2010 Mar) (
  4. ^  Peter Pearce, Structure in Nature Is a Strategy for Design (The MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1990) p41
  5. ^  It should be noted that the rhombic dodecahedron has a twin. All the main features are the same except half of the 12 faces are trapezoids. As a result, there are some extra-long arms and some extra-short arms. The structure is called the rhombic-trapezoid dodecahedron. And amazingly these two structures still fit together totally (when packed together according to a basic geometric asymmetry, there are no gaps in between). And the Major and Minor nodes are still the same (6 of one and 8 of the other).
  6. ^  Peter Pearce, Structure in Nature Is a Strategy for Design, p6
  7. ^  Jean-Pierre Luminet, et al., Is Space Finite? (Scientific American Special Edition 2002: The Once and Future Cosmos) p60
  8. ^  Peter Pearce, Structure in Nature Is a Strategy for Design, p45
  9. ^  Nature News Service (Macmillan Magazines Ltd) 2003 July 3, reporting on the work of S.M. Carroll, V. Duvvuri, M. Trodden, and M.S. Turner, Is Cosmic Speed-up due to New Gravitational Physics? (
  10. ^  S. M. Carroll. 2005. Is Our Universe Natural? (Paper: arXiv:hep-th/0512148v1 13 Dec 2005)
  11. ^  S. M. Carroll. 2001. The Cosmological Constant  (astro-ph/0004075 EFI-2000-13 Available at

2009-8 (2012-6)

Top of page            Back to DSSU Home Page 

Copyright © 2005-2024
All rights reserved.
  C. Ranzan Email:
  Site updated: 24-02-13